The Encyclopedia Americana (1920)/Niederwald
NIEDERWALD, nē'dĕr-vält, Germany, the western termination of the Taunus range in the Prussian district of Wiesbaden, abutting on the Rhine opposite Bingen. On a commanding site near its summit was erected, 28 Sept. 1883, the national memorial commemorative of the sucessful War of 1870-71. An entended pedestal, ornamented with allegorical figures, is surmounted by a bronze figure of Germania, 34½ feet in height. The whole was designed by Schilling, a Dresden sculptor. Toothed-railways carry visitors up to the monument from the villages of Rüdesheim and Assmannshausen at the foot, both noted for their wine.