The Encyclopedia Americana (1920)/Siebold, Karl Theodor Ernst von
SIEBOLD, zē'bŏlt, Karl Theodor Ernst von, German physiologist and zoologist: b. Würzburg, 16 Feb. 1804; d. Munich, 7 April 1885. He studied at Göttingen and Berlin; in 1840 was made professor of physiology at Erlangen, in 1845 at Freiburg and in 1850 at Breslau. In 1853 he was made profesor of physiology and comparative anatomy at Munich, where to his chair were later added duties as professor of zoology and director of the zoological and zootomical cabinet. His contributions to scientific research are suggested by the titles of his monographs: ‘Observationes de Salamandris et Tritonibus’ (1828); ‘Lehrbuch der vergleichenden Anatomie der wirbellosen Tiere’ (Eng. trans., ‘Manual of Comparative Anatomy of the Invertebrates,’ 1848); ‘Ueber die Band- und Blasenwürmer’ (1854); ‘Wahre Parthenogenesis bei Schmetterlingen und Bienen’ (1856); ‘Beiträge zur Parthenogenesis der Arthopoden’ (1871). Consult Hertwig's memorial address ‘Gedächtnissrede’ (1886). In 1849 he assisted to found the Zeitschrift für wissenschaftliche Zoologie.