The Gradual Acceptance of the Copernican Theory of the Universe
The Gradual Acceptance
Copernican Theory of the Universe
DOROTHY STIMSON, A.M.
Submitted in Partial Fulfilment of the Requirements for the Degree of
Doctor of Philosophy in the Faculty of Political
Science of Columbia University
HANOVER, NEW HAMPSHIRE
Copyright 1917 by Dorothy Stimson
TO MY FATHER AND MOTHER
Astrea holds in her right hand a balance in which Riccioli's theory of the universe (an adaptation of the Tychonic, see p. 68) far outweighs the Copernican or heliocentric one. At her feet is the Ptolemaic sphere, while Ptolemy himself half lies, half sits, between her and Argus, with the comment issuing from his mouth: "I will arise if only I am corrected." His left hand rests upon the coat of arms of the Prince of Monaco to whom the Almagestum Novum is dedicated.At the top is the Hebrew Yah-Veh, and the hand of God is stretched forth in reference to the verse in the Book of Wisdom (10:20): "But thou hast ordered all things in measure, and number and weight."
Facsimile of the frontispiece "The Systems of the World" in Riccioli: Almagestum Novum, 1651
Photographic facsimile (reduced) of a page from a copy of Copernicus: De Revolutionibus, as "corrected" in the 17th century according to the directions of the Congregations of the Index in 1620
Photographic facsimile (reduced) of another "corrected" page from the same copy