The Life of Mary Baker G. Eddy

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CONTENTS


CHAPTER PAGE
I.   Mrs. Eddy's American Ancestors—Mark Baker, and Life on the Bow Farm—Schooldays in Tilton—Early Influences—Her First Marriage 3
 
II.   Mrs. Glover as a Widow in Tilton—Her Interest in Mesmerism and Clairvoyance—The Disposal of Her Son—Marriage to Daniel Patterson 26
 
III.   Mrs. Patterson First Hears of Dr. Quimby—Her Arrival in Portland—Quimby and His “Science” 42
 
IV.   Mrs. Patterson Becomes Quimby's Patient and Pupil—Her Defence of Quimby and His Theory—Her Grief at His Death—She Asks Mr. Dresser to Take up Quimby's Work 56
 
 V.   The Quimby Controversy—Mrs. Eddy's Claim that Christian Science Was a Divine Revelation to Her—The Story of Her Fall on the Ice in Lynn and Her Miraculous Recovery 71
 
VI.   The Quimby Controversy Continued—Mrs. Eddy's Attempts to Discredit Quimby—Her Charge that He Was Always a Mesmerist—Quimby's Adherents Defend Him 88
 
VII.   Dr. and Mrs. Patterson in Lynn—Their Separation—Mrs. Patterson as a Professional Visitor—She Teaches Hiram Crafts the Quimby “Science”—Mrs. Patterson in Amesbury 105
 
VIII.   Two Years with the Wentworths in Stoughton—Mrs. Patterson Instructs Mrs. Wentworth from the Quimby Manuscripts and Prepares Her First Book for the Press 121
 
IX.   Mrs. Glover Goes into Partnership with Richard Kennedy—Their Establishment in Lynn—Mrs. Glover's First Disciples—Disagreements and Lawsuits 134
 
X.   Mrs. Glover's Influence over Her Students—Quimby Discredited—Daniel Harrison Spofford—Mrs. Glover's Marriage to Asa Gilbert Eddy 155
 
XI.   The First Appearance of Science and Health—Christian Science as a System of Metaphysics—As a Religion—As a Curative Agent 176
 
XII.   Mrs. Eddy's Belief that She Suffered for the Sins of Others—Letters to Students—The Origin and Development of Malicious Animal Magnetism—A Revival of Witchcraft 211
 
XIII.   The “Conspiracy to Murder” Case—Arrest of Eddy and Arens on a Sensational Charge—Hearing in Court—Discharge of the Defendants 245
 
XIV.   Mrs. Eddy Addresses Boston Audiences—She is Tortured by Her Fear of Mesmerism—Organisation of “The Church of Christ, Scientist”—Withdrawal of Eight Leading Members—Mrs. Eddy's Retreat from Lynn 262
 
XV.   The Massachusetts Metaphysical College Organised—Death of Asa Gilbert Eddy—Mrs. Eddy's Belief that He Was Mentally Assassinated—Entrance of Calvin A. Frye 281
 
XVI.   Mrs. Eddy's Boston Household—A Daily Warfare Against Mesmerism—The P. M. Society—An Action Against Arens for Infringement of Copyright 298
 
XVII.   Literary Activities—Mrs. Eddy as an Editor—The Rev. Mr. Wiggin Becomes Her Literary Assistant—His Private Estimate of Mrs. Eddy and Christian Science 312
 
XVIII.   The Material Prosperity of Church and College—Mrs. Eddy Goes to Live in Commonwealth Avenue—Discontent of the Students—A Rival School of Mental Healing—The Schism of 1888 340
 
XIX.   Mrs. Eddy Rallies Her Forces—Growth of Christian Science in the West—The Making of a Healer—The Apotheosis of Mrs. Eddy 361
 
XX.   The Adoption of a Son—Mrs. Eddy's Household and the New Favourite—A Crisis in Christian Science—Mrs. Eddy is Driven from Boston by “M.A.M.” 379
 
XXI.   The New Policy—Mrs. Eddy Resigns from Pulpit and Journal and Closes Her College—Disorganisation of the Church and Association—Reconstruction on a New Basis—Mrs. Eddy in Absolute Control and Possession 391
 
XXII.   Life at Pleasant View—Mrs. Eddy Produces More Christian Science Literature—Foster Eddy Is Made Publisher of the Text-Book—The Story of His Fall from Favour—Rule of Service 411
 
XXIII.   Josephine Curtis Woodbury and the Romantic School—Birth of the Prince of Peace—Mrs. Eddy Withdraws Her Support—“War in Heaven” 428
 
XXIV.   Mrs. Eddy Adopts the Title of “Mother”—Beginning of the Concord Pilgrimages—Mrs. Eddy Hints at Her Political Influence—The Building of the Mother Church Extension 441
 
XXV.   George Washington Glover—Mrs. Eddy's Son Brings an Action Against Leading Christian Scientists—Withdrawal of the Suit—Mrs. Eddy Moves from Concord, N. H., to Newton, Mass. 453
 
XXVI.   Training the Vine—How Mrs. Eddy Has Organised Her Church—Her Management and Discipline—The Church Manual—Recent Modifications in Christian Science Practice—Membership of the Church—Practical Results of Mrs. Eddy's Life-Work 460
 
Appendix A 486
Appendix B 489
Appendix C 494



THE LIFE OF

MARY BAKER G. EDDY


AND THE

HISTORY OF CHRISTIAN SCIENCE

Mary Baker Eddy (1892) by S. A. Bowers (2).jpg
Photograph by S. A. Bowers 

MARY BAKER G. EDDY

From a photograph taken in Concord, N. H., in 1892


THE LIFE OF

MARY BAKER G. EDDY


AND THE

HISTORY OF CHRISTIAN SCIENCE


BY

GEORGINE MILMINE


ILLUSTRATED


Doubleday Page & Company logo.png



YORK

DOUBLEDAY, PAGE & COMPANY

1909



ALL RIGHTS RESERVED, INCLUDING THAT OF TRANSLATION

INTO FOREIGN LANGUAGES, INCLUDING THE SCANDINAVIAN


COPYRIGHT, 1907, 1908, BY THE S. S. MCCLURE COMPANY

COPYRIGHT, 1909, BY DOUBLEDAY, PAGE & COMPANY

PUBLISHED, NOVEMBER, 1909





NOTE

The following history was first published in serial form in McClure's Magazine, 1907-1908. It has since been revised and new material has been added.

G. M. 



ILLUSTRATIONS.

Mary Baker G. Eddy. From a photograph taken in Concord, N. H., in 1892 Frontispiece
facing
page
Mark Baker, Mrs. Eddy's father 10
Daniel Patterson, Mrs. Eddy's second husband 34
The house in North Groton, N. H., where Mrs. Eddy, then Mrs. Daniel Patterson, lived for seven years 38
Phineas Parkhurst Quimby 48
Mary Baker G. Eddy. From a tintype given to Mrs. Sarah G. Crosby in 1864 62
Facsimile of the second sheet of the first “spirit” letter from Albert Baker, Mrs. Eddy's brother, to Mrs. Sarah Crosby 66
Mary Baker G. Eddy. From a photograph taken in Amesbury, Mass., in 1870 114
Mary Baker G. Eddy. Helping an Amesbury photographer to get a successful picture of a baby 114
Title page and part of the first page of the manuscript from which Mrs. Glover taught Mrs. Wentworth the system of mental healing which she ascribed to P. P. Quimby 128
Richard Kennedy. From a photograph taken in Lynn, Mass., in 1871 152
Asa Gilbert Eddy, Mrs. Eddy's third husband 168
Daniel H. Spofford 252
Edward J. Arens 252
Mary Baker G. Eddy. From a tintype given to Lucy Wentworth in Stoughton, Mass., in 1870 270
Mary Baker G. Eddy. From a photograph taken in Boston in the early eighties 270
Calvin A. Frye. From a photograph taken about 882 294
Mary Baker G. Eddy. Taken about the year 1886, while at the head of her college in Boston 308
Mary Baker G. Eddy. As she looked in 1870 when he first taught Christian Science in Lynn, Mass. 308
The Reverend James Henry Wiggin, who was for four years Mrs. Eddy's literary adviser 328
Christian Scientists' Picnic at Point of Pines, July 16, 1885 348
Ebenezer J. Foster Eddy, the adopted son of Mrs. Eddy 384
George Washington Glover, Mrs. Eddy's only child 384
Pleasant View, Mrs. Eddy's home in Concord, N. H. 414
The First Church of Christ, Scientist, in Boston. The Mother Church 450


This work is in the public domain in the United States because it was published before January 1, 1923.


The author died in 1950, so this work is also in the public domain in countries and areas where the copyright term is the author's life plus 60 years or less. This work may also be in the public domain in countries and areas with longer native copyright terms that apply the rule of the shorter term to foreign works.