The Life of William Morris
THE LIFE OF WILLIAM MORRIS
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The Manor House, Kelmscott, from the Garden
From a drawing by E. H. New
TWO VOLUMES IN ONE
LONGMANS, GREEN AND CO,
39 PATERNOSTER ROW, LONDON, E.C. 4
55 FIFTH AVENUE, NEW YORK
BOMBAY, CALCUTTA, AND MADRAS
First Edition, in Demy 8vo, April, 1899; New Impressions,
May, 1899, and October, 1899.
New and Cheaper Edition, in Large Crown 8vo, 1901;
New Impressions, October, 1907, and February, 1911.
New Impression, in Demy 8vo, July, 1920.
Pocket Library Edition, in 2 volumes, Fcp. 8vo, July, 1912.
New Impression, in 1 volume, Crown 8vo, with Fronti-
spiece, February, 1922.
J. W. M.
PREFACE TO FIRST EDITION
This biography was undertaken by me at the special request of Sir Edward Burne-Jones. I will not attempt to say how much it owes to his guidance and encouragement, nor how much it has lost by their removal.
When the task of writing the life of Morris was placed in my hands, his family and representatives gave me unreserved access to all the materials in their possession. To them, and more especially to his executors, Mr. F.S. Ellis and Mr. S.C. Cockerell, I owe my best thanks for their friendly help. I am further indebted to Mr. Ellis for the index at the end of the book.
Among the few survivors of Morris's earliest friends, I must express very special obligations to Mr. Cormell Price for generous and ungrudging assistance, and to the Rev. Canon R.W. Dixon. For information as to later years I am greatly indebted to Mr. Philip Webb, Mr. George Wardle, Mr. C. Fairfax Murray, Mr. William De Morgan, and Mr. Emery Walker, who were all long and closely associated with him both in work and in friendship. The partners of the firm of Morris & Co., Messrs. Smith and Mr. J.H. Dearie, have given me access to the early books of the firm and much valuable information with regard to Morris's conduct of the business.
I would take this opportunity of thanking all those others who have communicated letters or other material to me in the course of the work. To Lady Burne-Jones, whose share in the help given me has not been less than that of any one I have named, this is not the place where I can fully express my gratitude.
6, Pembroke Gardens, Kensington.
24th March, 1899.
Walthamstow, Woodford, and Marlborough: 1834–1852
The Brotherhood: 1855–1856
Red Lion Square : The Oxford Union : The Defence of Guenevere: 1857–1859
Red House : Formation of the Firm : The Fall of Troy: 1859–1865
The Earthly Paradise: 1865–1870
Morris and Kelmscott
Journey to Iceland: 1871
Love is Enough : Period of Illuminations : Dissolution of the Firm: 1871-1874
Period of Dyeing : The Æneids : Sigurd the Volsung: 1875-1876
The Society for Protection of Ancient Buildings : The Eastern Question Association : Period of Textiles: 1877-1878
London and Kelmscott : Theories of Art and Life: 1879–1881
Merton Abbey: 1881
The Democratic Federation: 1883–1884
The Socialist League: 1885-1886 138
The Odyssey : John Ball : Trafalgar Square: 1886-1887 173
Signs of Change : The Arts and Crafts : Return to Romance: 1888-1889 206
Passive Socialism : Foundation of the Kelmscott Press: 1890-1891 242
Printing, Romance-writing, Translation, and Criticism : Final Attitude towards Art and History: 1891-1893 281
Last Years : The Kelmscott Chaucer: 1894-1896 314
The Manor House, Kelmscott, from the Garden Frontispiece
From a drawing by E. H. New.
|Sed dico, Numquid non audierunt? Et quidem in omnem terram exivit sonus eorum et in fines orbis terræ verba eorum.
Hæc autem omnia in figura contingebant illis: scripta sunt autem ad correptionem nostram, in quos fines seculorum devenerunt.
- But I ask: Did they not hear? Of course they did: Their voice has gone out into all the earth, their words to the ends of the world. (Romans 10:18) (Wikisource-ed.)
- These things happened to them as examples and were written down as warnings for us, on whom the culmination of the ages has come. (1 Corinthians 10:11) (Wikisource-ed.)