The New International Encyclopædia/Afiun-Kara-Hissar

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AFIUN-KARA-HISSAR, ȧ′fē̇-o͞onkȧ-rä-hĭs-sär (Turk., Opium Black Castle). A city of Anatolia, Asiatic Turkey, 170 miles northeast of Smyrna (Map: Turkey in Asia, D 3). It is surrounded by rocky hills, on one of which are found the ruins of a castle. The town contains several mosques and Armenian churches. It manufactures woolen carpets and opium, the latter being one of the chief articles of commerce, from which the town derives its name. The trade is considerable. The town is connected by rail with Smyrna, Constantinople, and Konieh. Pop., about 20,000.