The New International Encyclopædia/Fischbach, Friedrich

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FISCHBACH, fĭsh′bäG, Friedrich (1839—). A German pattern-designer, born at Aix-la-Chapelle. He was educated at Cologne and at the Academy of Design in Berlin, and in 1862 went to Vienna, where he prepared drawings for the collection of pattern-designs in the Austrian Museum. In 1870 he was appointed teacher of ornamentation at the Royal Academy in Hanau. He was director of the newly organized Industrial Art School at Saint Gall from 1883 to 1888. Several societies for the advancement of industrial art were established by him; and he was influential in establishing the independence of Germany in the field of pattern-drawing. His collection of antique fabrics and embroideries was acquired by the school at Saint Gall. His principal literary works include: Ornamente der Gewebe (with 160 colored plates, 1874-81); Geschichte der Textilkunst (1883); Südslavische Ornamente (2d ed. 1872); Album für Stickerei (130 patterns, printed in gold and colors, 4th ed. 1872); Neue Muster für Stickerei und Hükelarbeiten (3 series, 1880-83); Stickereimuster (4 parts, 1888); Häkelvorlagen (1889); Weissstickereivorlagen (1892).