The New International Encyclopædia/Gelsenkirchen
GELSENKIRCHEN, gĕl'sen-kīrK'en. A thriving industrial town in the Prussian Province of Westphalia, five miles north of Essen (Map: Prussia, B 3). It has extensive iron-works, soap-factories, and flour and saw mills. Its rapid growth is due to the large coal deposits discovered in 1855 in the vicinity. Population, in 1852, 844; in 1890, 28,057; in 1900, 36,935. Gelsenkirchen was made a city in 1875.