The New International Encyclopædia/Gemara

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GEMARA, ge-mä'rȧ (Aram., complement). That portion of the two Talmuds, the Babylonian and the Jerusalem, containing the annotations, discussions, and amplifications of the Mishna, or Talmudical law, by the schools of Babylon and Palestine. The Babylonian Gemara is far more complete than the Jerusalem, as well as more lucid, and is a more highly valued authority. It was not completed till about A.D. 800. The Jerusalem Gemara belongs to the middle of the fourth century A.D. See Mishna; Talmud.