The New International Encyclopædia/Jal, Auguste

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JAL, zhȧl, Auguste (1795-1873). A French author, born at Lyons. He was educated at the naval school in Brest, and led a company of the cadets in the defense of Paris during the Hundred Days (1815). His first literary work was done on Le Fureteur, Le Miroir, and Le Pandore, liberal journals. Afterwards he became well known as an art critic. In 1831 he received official charge of the marine archives and wrote in this connection a nautical glossary and L'archéologie navale (1839). The fruit of much of his labor is embodied in his great Dictionnaire critique de biographie et d'histoire (1864). He also wrote a memoir, published posthumously, Souvenirs d'un homme de lettres (1877), and several other works on art and archæology.