The New International Encyclopædia/Reinhart, Christian

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REINHART, Christian (1761-1847). A German landscape painter and etcher, born at Hof, Bavaria. First instructed by Œser in Leipzig, he studied at the Dresden Academy under Klengel, but chiefly after the Dutch masters, and in 1789 went to Rome, where he settled permanently and under the influence of Carstens and Koch became a conspicuous exponent of the historic landscape. His best work is represented by the “Eight Historic Landscapes” (1825), in the Palazzo Massimi, Rome, and “Four Views from Villa Malta,” in tempera, painted for King Louis I. of Bavaria. The New Pinakothek in Munich contains “Four Views Near Rome” (two dated 1836, 1846), the Leipzig Museum a “Wood on Seashore in a Storm” (1824) and “Landscape with Psyche” (1829), the Städel Institute, Frankfort, a landscape with “Cain and Abel,” and the Cologne Museum a “View from Tivoli.” To a collection of seventy-two etchings of prospects in Italy, published conjointly with Dies and Mechan under the title Malerisch radirte Prospecte aus Italien (1792-98) Reinhart contributed twenty-four plates, the best of the series. Besides these he etched many other Italian landscapes, and thirty-eight animal studies, in all 170 plates. Consult: Baisch, Reinhart und seine Kreise (Leipzig, 1882); and Andresen, Die Deutschen Maler-Radirer, i. (ib., 1866).