The New International Encyclopædia/Salmon, George
SALMON, sä′mŭn, George (1819-1904). An Irish mathematician and divine, born in Dublin. He was educated at Trinity College in that city, where he became a fellow at the age of twenty. He took orders, and in 1866 became professor of theology. He wrote extensively on theology, his works including an Introduction to the Study of the New Testament (7th ed. 1894); Non-miraculous Christianity (2d ed. 1888); and The Infallibility of the Church (2d ed. 1891). But he is best known for his masterly treatises on mathematics, his text-books being the most advanced that have appeared in English in his generation. These works are: Treatise on Conic Sections (6th ed. 1879); Treatise on Higher Plane Curves (3d ed. 1879); Treatise on Analytic Geometry (1848); Treatise on Analytic Geometry of Three Dimensions (4th ed. 1882); Lessons Introductory to the Modern Higher Algebra (1859; 4th ed. 1885). These mathematical works have been translated into several languages, and the German editions of Fiedler are especially well known.