The New International Encyclopædia/Tauchnitz, Christian Bernhard, Baron
TAUCHNITZ, touK′nĭts, Christian Bernhard, Baron (1816-95). A German publisher, born near Naumburg, a nephew of the following. His firm, founded in Leipzig (1837), was noted for its accurate classical and biblical texts, its dictionaries, and other works of reference. In 1841 Tauchnitz began a Collection of British Authors, now extending to some 3500 volumes and widely read on the Continent. English authors were paid a royalty by Tauchnitz, who thus helped to establish the present international copyright law. A similar collection of translated German Authors was begun in 1866 and Students' Tauchnitz Editions of English and American works began to appear in 1886 with German notes and introductions. Tauchnitz was made Baron in 1860, British Consul General for Saxony in 1872, and member of the Saxon House of Peers in 1877.