The New International Encyclopædia/Volkmann, Richard von

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VOLKMANN, fṓlk'män, Richard von (1830-89). A German surgeon, born in Leipzig, son of the physiologist Alfred Wilhelm Volkmann (1801-77). He studied medicine at Halle, Giessen, and Berlin, and in 1867 became professor of surgery and director of the clinic at Halle. He was one of the most prominent surgeons of his day, and a pioneer in the introduction of antiseptic methods in Germany. He edited (1870-89) Beiträge zur Chirurgie, and contributed to the Pitha-Billroth Handbuch der Chirurgie a section on diseases of the locomotory organs (1865-72). Under the pseudonym Richard Leander, he wrote a juvenile Träumereien an französischen Kaminen (1871), which passed through more than a score of editions, Gedichte (3d ed. 1885), Kleine Geschichten (2d ed. 1888), and Alte und neue Troubadourlieder (2d ed. 1890). Consult Krause, Zur Erinnerung an Richard von Volkmann (Berlin, 1890).