The New International Encyclopædia/Wheelock, Eleazar

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WHEELOCK, hwē′lok, Eleazar (1711-79). An American educator, born at Windham, Conn. He graduated at Yale in 1733, was ordained pastor of the Congregational Church at Lebanon, Conn., in 1735, and there established a school for the education of Indian and white youths. In 1770 he removed to Hanover, N. H., and there reëstablished his school, for which an endowment of $50,000 had been obtained, under the name of Dartmouth College (q.v.). During the remaining nine years of his life Dr. Wheelock was president of the new college, and despite privation and hardship succeeded in putting it on so firm a basis that it survived the disasters of the Revolution. He published a number of sermons and a Plain and Faithful Narrative of the Indian School at Lebanon. Consult: Baxter P. Smith, History of Dartmouth College (Boston, 1878); Chase, History of Dartmouth College and the Town of Hanover (Cambridge, 1891); and McClure and Parish, Memoirs of the Rev. Eleazar Wheelock, D.D. (Newburyport, 1811).