The Rocky Mountain Saints

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Brigham Young

THE

ROCKY MOUNTAIN SAINTS:

A FULL AND COMPLETE

HISTORY OF THE MORMONS,

FROM THE FIRST VISION OF JOSEPH SMITH TO THE LAST COURTSHIP OF BRIGHAM YOUNG;

INCLUDING

THE STORY OF THE HAND-CART EMIGRATION—THE MORMON WAR—THE MOUNTAIN-MEADOW MASSACRE—THE REIGN OF TERROR IN UTAH —THE DOCTRINE OF HUMAN SACRIFICE—THE POLITICAL, DOMESTIC, SOCIAL, AND THEOLOGICAL INFLUENCES OF THE SAINTS—THE FACTS OF POLYGAMY —THE COLONIZATION OF THE ROCKY MOUNTAINS,

AND

THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE GREAT MINERAL WEALTH OF THE TERRITORY OF UTAH.

BY T. B. H. STENHOUSE,

TWENTY-FIVE YEARS A MORMON ELDER AND MISSIONARY, AND EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR SALT LAKE DAILY TELEGRAPH.

ILLUSTRATED WITH TWENTY-FOUR FULL-PAGE ENGRAVINGS, A STEEL PLATE FRONTISPIECE,
AN AUTOGRAPHIC LETTER OF BRIGHAM YOUNG, AND NUMEROUS WOODCUTS.


NEW YORK:

D. APPLETON AND COMPANY,

549 & 551 BROADWAY.

1873.

[All Rights of Translation Reserved.]



Books written by thinkers—men who thought and dared to express their thoughts—are always worth reading. I care not whether their authors were Atheists or Methodists, Heathen or Mohammedan; the life's blood of the author circulates through them, and in reading you feel its pulsations. But books written by men who never saw through their own eyes, who never putout their hands, and felt the world for themselves, nor took one manly step, are the faintest echoes from the distant hills compared with the heaven-shaking thunder that produced them.—Denton.


Entered, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1872,

By D. APPLETON & CO.,

In the Office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington.

 

PREFACE.




Notwithstanding the frequency with which the American press has kept the name of the Mormons before the public, few persons have any definite idea of what Mormonism claims to be, and what it actually is.

Occupying, as the Saints do, the centre of the great highway between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, and demanding admission into the Union as a sovereign State, Congress cannot long refuse attention to their claim. The question, therefore, of engrafting upon the Republic a Theocracy which practices polygamy, teaches the barbarous doctrine of human sacrifice, and is in its sentiments inimical to the constitution of the nation, demands the careful consideration of all who are interested in the honour and good name of the United States.

In the pages of this work, the politician, the preacher, the littérateur, and the thoughtful reader, will find abundant matter for studious reflection.

It requires no prophetic inspiration to predicate that, in spite of all the crudity and ridiculous assumption of Mormonism, the highest wisdom of the national Government may yet be required to avert scenes of conflict which would be universally deplored.

Memorials demanding the admission of Utah into the Union, under the title of "The State of Deseret," have for twenty-three years engaged the attention of Congress. Last session the demand was again made, and met with a much more favourable reception than ever before. Next Session it will be repeated, and, if not then successful, it will be again and again urged, until finally Statehood is secured.

Emboldened by the encouragement of some prominent members of Congress, the Mormon Prophet has approved of the retirement of the monogamic Delegate who served the Territory for a dozen years, and, as a test of the disposition of the national mind, sends as his successor to Washington an apostle–the husband of four wives. Should the nation consent to this innovation, Statehood will soon be secured for Utah, and Brigham Young's Theocracy will be triumphant over the Republic and the National laws.

Mormonism is not dead nor dying.

Until this "Utah difficulty" is settled emphatically and finally by the voice of the people, declaring that no political or domestic institution opposed to the spirit and genius of republicanism can ever be allowed to exist within the domain of the United States, Mormonism is destined to be the disturbing dream of every occupant of the chair of Washington.

CONTENTS.


MORMONISM EXPLAINED.—The First Faith biblical—Spiritual Enthusiasm of the Elders—Establishment of a Literal Kingdom predicted—Polygamy not in the Original Programme—Mormon Errors attributable to the System and Leaders Argument of the Miraculous Power of Healing—Difficulty experienced in leaving the Mormon Church—Assumption of Infallible Priesthood—Mormonism summed up, 1


THE MORMON PROPHET—His Early Life—His Visions—His Personal Characteristics—An Angel reveals to him the Golden Plates—His Mission announced—The Story of the Stone Box, 8


THE GOLD PLATES.—Joseph translates the "Reformed Egyptian"—Martin Harris acts as Scribe—Professor Anthon pronounces the Characters and Translation "a Hoax"—A Prediction of Isaiah fulfilled—Satan and Mrs. Harris bring the Prophet into Great Trouble—Oliver Cowdery replaces Harris—John the Baptist ordains Smith and Cowdery—They baptize each other, prophesy and rejoice—Witnesses are chosen to testify to the Book of Mormon, 21


ORGANIZATION OF THE CHURCH.—Disciples receive the Holy Ghost—Ancient Apostles and Prophets revisit the Earth—Newell Knight is tortured by the Devil—His Experience claimed as the first "Latter-Day" Miracle—Judge Edmonds records similar Phenomena in Spiritualism, 30


THE FIRST CONFERENCE.—Parley P. Pratt and Orson Pratt converted—Missionary Enterprise begins—Elders sent to preach to the Indians—Sidney Rigdon converts his Campbellite Congregation—Saints commanded to gather in Ohio—Jackson County, Missouri, designated the "Land of Promise," 36

SATAN THREATENS THE CHURCH.—He shakes and corrupts the Ohio Saints—The Youthful Prophet labours with Great Zeal—Missionaries evangelize the Eastern States—Smith and Rigdon behold a Great Vision—They are tarred and feathered—Go to Missouri and found a Newspaper, 41

MEETING OF THE PROPHETS.—Brigham Young sees Joseph Smith for the First Time—They rejoice together in Kirtland—Brigham speaks in "Unknown Tongues"—Joseph predicts the Southern Rebellion—He makes an Inspired Translation of the New Testament—Troubles arise between the Saints and the "Gentiles" in Missouri—The Disciples are driven from Jackson County, 44

THE PROMISED LAND.—"The Lord" calls for "the Strength of his House" to reinstate the Exiled Saints in Jackson County—Two hundred and five Elders respond—The Prophet becomes Commander-in-Chief of "the Armies of the Lord"—A Revelation promising Restoration to the Exiles—Joseph is the Man like unto Moses to lead them to Victory, 48

ZION'S CAMP.—The Prophet's "Army" marches to Missouri—A Great Storm—The Cholera desolates the "Strength of the Lord's House"—Utter Discomfiture of the Mormons—The Promises to restore the Saints to Jackson County a Total Failure—The Army Disbanded—The Saints sue for Peace—"The Lord was only trying their Faith"—They are to curse their Enemies—Anniversary Meetings of Zion's Camp—Dancing and Rejoicing, 52

TWELVE APOSTLES CHOSEN.—Quorums of "Seventies" organized—They go abroad and preach—Kirtland Temple finished—Dedication and Endowment—Joseph's Wonderful Vision of the Celestial Kingdom—A Second Pentecost—Brigham Young "Speaks in Tongues"—The Temple filled with Angels—Joseph and Cowdery are visited by Moses, Elias, and Elijah—They behold "The Lord"—Cowdery afterward apostatizes, 60

FIRST GREAT APOSTACY.—Joseph predicts about Brigham being President of the Church—British Missions projected as a Strategic Measure—One of Joseph's own Counsellors rebels against him—He is proclaimed "A Fallen Prophet"—Troubles again threaten in Missouri, 67

THE PROPHET BECOMES A BANKER.—Apostates and Capitalists bring him to Grief—Sidney Rigdon's Interesting View of a "Circulating Medium"—He assures Mr. Jones that the Bank Notes were never intended for Redemption— The Kirtland Safety Society Bank repudiated Joseph and Sidney fly to Missouri—Pursued by Armed Men Extraordinary Escapes—"The Lord" protects them,

CUTTING OFF APOSTATES.—Witnesses of the Book of Mormon expelled from the Church—Joseph denounces the "Lord's Chosen" as "Blacklegs, Thieves, Liars, and Counterfeiters—"More Apostles dethroned—The Prophet locates the Garden of Eden in Missouri—It was there that Adam and Eve sported in Innocence—More Trouble looming—Rigdon's famous Declaration of Independence,

WAR COMMENCES.—Affidavits made against the Prophet—The Mormons and the Mob resort to Arms—The Governor calls out the State Militia—Joseph and Sidney propose to become Lawyers—The Mormon Settlements attacked—Houses burned—Women and Children forced to flee before an Infuriated Mob—Frightful Cruelties—The Saints fight and retaliate,

THE CHURCH IN DANGER.—Apostles apostatize—Marsh and Hyde make Affidavits against the Prophet—Charge him with aiming to be a Second Mahomet—The Danite Band—Its Name and Origin—Dr. Avard's Statements—The Doctor's Speech—Joseph denies the Paternity of the Band—Great Excitement throughout the State—A Sensational Report—More Fighting—The Apostle Patten killed—The Saints to be rooted out,

EXPULSION OR EXTERMINATION.—Terrible Excitement throughout Missouri— The Country in Arms General Clark placed in Command of the State Militia—The Governor's Order for the Expulsion of the Saints—Brutality of the Mob—Horrible Massacre of unoffending Mormons Murder of Women and Childen—The Narrate of an Eyewitness,

THE PROPHET RESOLVED TO FIGHT IT OUT.—Faith straggles with Fate— Treason in the Camp of the Saints—Joseph and the leading Mormons delivered over to General Lucas—The Prisoners tried by Court Martial—Sentenced to be shot next Morning—General Doniphan protests against their Execution—The Prophet and his Brethren sent to Jail—The Revelations contradicted by Facts,

THE MISSOURIANS TRIUMPHANT.—Grandiloquent Speech of General Clark—Mormons ordered to leave the State—Examination of the Prisoners—The Prophet not subdued—The Legislature memorialized—The Saints wavering—Joseph reviews the Situation,

IN PRISON.—The New Year opens dark and dreary—The Mormons suffer—The Missouri Legislature consider the "Persecutions" of the Saints—Brigham Young flees from Missouri—Joseph indites an Epistle from Prison—The Prisoners indicted—They escape from Missouri, 115

THE EXILES FIND AN ASYLUM IN ILLINOIS.—The Prophet again at Liberty—Nauvoo selected for a new Zion—A City rapidly built—Brigham Young sent to England—The Saints importune Congress for Redress—Joseph visits President Van Buren—The Mormons still cling to the Promises of Zion in Missouri, 120

THE PROPHET'S POLITICAL LIFE BEGINS.—New Men gather round him—A reorganization of the "Quorum of the Apostles"—Another Temple to be erected—"The Lord" commands the Saints to build a "Boarding House"—Kings are invited to the Aid of Zion, 126

THE FICKLE FORTUNE OF POLITICS.—The Legislature liberal to the Saints—The Prophet becomes a Lieutenant—General Foundation of the Temple laid—Grand Military Display—Joseph at the Height of his Glory—Missouri seeks to re-capture him, 133

POLITICAL DIFFICULTIES.—The Prophet balances between the Whigs and the Democrats—The Neighbours of the Mormons become dissatisfied—Joseph charged with Designs upon the Life of Governor Boggs—He is arrested on a Charge of Treason—Ways that are dark—Governor Ford explains—The first Budding of Polygamy—The Beginning of the End—Serious Charges are made, 139

JOSEPH PREDICTS THE ROCKY MOUNTAIN ZION.—He designs to found there an Independent State—Becomes a Candidate for the Presidency of the United States—Assails Clay and Calhoun—Great Trouble with Apostates—Politics and Polygamy threaten to engulf him—The Nauvoo Expositor founded and destroyed—Writs issued for the Arrest of the Prophet—He resolves on Flight, 146

THE PROPHET SURRENDERS TO THE LAW.—The Governor pledges the State for his Safety—The Country intensely excited The Destruction of the Nauvoo Expositor a Fatal Error—The Militia in Arms—The Murder of the Prophet planned—His Enemies resolve to kill him while Governor Ford visits Nauvoo, 152

LAST HOURS OF THE PROPHET.—The Presentiment of his Death—The Murderers—Their Attack upon the Jail—The Assassination of the Prophet, and the Patriarch—An Apostle shot—Thrilling Narrative of a Survivor—"Two minutes in Jail,"

POLYGAMY IN ILLINOIS.—Its Introduction among the Mormons—The "Revelation" given by Joseph Smith—The Sons of the Deceased Prophet dispute the Polygamic Marriages of their Father—They call for the Posterity The Promise of a "Righteous Seed" unfulfilled—Joseph without Issue by his score of Polygamic Wives—Married Women become his "Wives" without Divorce or Separation from their Husbands,

POLYGAMY REPUDIATED.—Joseph Smith and the Mormon Leaders deny it—The Revelations of the Church condemn it—The Sons of the Prophet defend their father's Reputation—The Evidences of his Polygamic Life,

AFTER THE PROPHET'S DEATH.—Sidney Rigdon delivered over to Satan—Brigham Young and the Twelve Apostles rule the Church—Mobocracy again rampant—The Expulsion of the Mormons demanded—The Saints agree to Expatriation,

THE EXODUS FROM NAUVOO.—The Hasty Departure of the Apostles—Journey to the Rocky Mountains—The Sufferings of the Exiles—Nauvoo besieged and bombarded—An Exile's Story—Colonel Kane's Narrative,

ON THE MISSOURI.—Enlistment of the Mormon Battalion—False Ideas about the Matter—Historical Facts—Elder Little at Washington—He is introduced to President Polk—Important Official Documents—Colonel Kane's Story—The Mormon Ball—Brigham receives the Volunteers' "Advance Pay"—Mormon Testimony in favour of Government—Brigham Young's Extraordinary Statements—The Government vindicated,

FOUNDING OF THE FRONTIER CITIES.—Brigham's first and last "Revelation"—The Departure of the Pioneers—The Discovery of Salt Lake Valley—The Return to the Missouri River,

CHANGES IN THE CHURCH.—Brigham Young assumes Joseph's Authority and Place—The Emigration from Europe re-opened—Migration of the Saints to the New Zion—Brigham invites Presidents, Emperors, Kings, Princes, Nobles, etc., to come to the Help of "the Lord"—The Pioneers en route, 262

THE CIVIL HISTORY OF UTAH.—The "State of Deseret" created—The Crickets destroy the Crops—A Miracle performed—Territorial Government extended over Utah—Trouble with the Federal Officers, 268

THE IRREPRESSIBLE CONFLICT BETWEEN THEOCRACY AND REPUBLICANISM. The Federal Officers in Utah—Some become Sycophants to the Priesthood—Some are defiant—Brigham Young a Second Time appointed Governor—Trouble with the Federal Judges—They leave the Territory, 279

THE "REFORMATION" IN UTAH.—Its Extraordinary Origin—Shortcomings of the Saints—"Jeddy's" Frenzy—Sinners rebaptized—Terrible Enthusiasm—Tabernacle Teachings—Doctrine of the "Blood Atonement"—Human Sacrifices commended—Erring Saints to offer up their Blood as Incense to propitiate Deity—Brother Heber declares that Brigham Young is God to the Mormons—Strange Preaching—Confessions of the Saints—Brigham's Casuistry about rebaptizing—Extraordinary Public Meeting of the Priesthood—A "Reign of Terror"—Shocking Outrages upon Citizens—Crusade against Intellect—Results of the Reformation—An Important Letter—What Brigham and the Leaders really said in the Tabernacle—Apostates and Gentiles threatened, 292

EMIGRATING TO UTAH WITH HAND-CARTS.—Mr. Chislett's Narrative—The "Divine plan" for Emigrating the Poor—Outfitting in Iowa City—Organizing the Company—Journey through Iowa—The Elders prophesy a Successful Journey—Brother Savage protests—"Inspirational" Counsel followed—The Carts break down—Cattle are lost—The Apostle Richards prophesies in the Name of the God of Israel—The Elders eat the Fatted Calf—Arrival at Fort Laramie—Provisions become scarce—Great Privations—The People begin to faint by the Way—Captain Willie's Bravery—The Winter overtakes them—Snow on the Mountains—The Sweetwater—Great Privations, Disease, and Death—Envoys from Salt Lake Valley—Provisions all gone—Captain Willie goes in Search of Aid—Terrible Condition of the People—Courage and Faithfulness of the Sufferers—Arrival of Timely Aid—A Thrilling Scene—Hope revived—"Too late"—Ravages of Death—A Hard Road—An Old Man's Death—"Thirteen Corpses all stiffly frozen"—Fifteen buried in one Grave—The ending of the Journey—Great Kindness of the Elders and People of Utah—The Pilgrims enter Zion—Sixty-seven Emigrants dead on the Journey—Greater Losses in another Company—Folly of Modern Prophecies, 311

THE MORMON WAR.—How it was inaugurated—Isolation of Utah—Carrying the Mails—Mormon Enterprise—Senator Douglas and the Saints—Anniversary Festivities at Big Cottonwood Lake—New Official Appointments for Utah—Warlike Preparations of the Saints—Believers concentrated at Zion—Ludicrous Fears of some Elders—Major Van Vleit sent by the United States Government—Brigham receives him—Major Van Vleit's Story—Brigham's Proclamation—Defiance from the Tabernacle—Brigham's Wrath—Heber's Enthusiasm—Expedition of the United States Army—Dogberryism of Brigham—D. H. Wells instructs the Brethren to harass the Army—The Mormons burn the United States Trains—Great Suffering of the Troops—Mules and Cattle freeze on the Road—Thirty-five Miles in fifteen Days, 345

THE TWO ARMIES.—The Saints rejoice, and sing their Warlike Songs—The Federal Troops in CampScott—Brigham sends them a Present of Salt—"The Lord" is to destroy the Enemies of Zion—Col. Kane arrives among the Mormons and converts Brigham—The Prophet concludes that he cannot "whip" the United States—He proposes Flight—Means to take Care of Himself—Col. Kane visits Gov. Gumming and arranges a Basis of Prospective Peace—He offends Gen. Johnston—A Duel imminent—The Mormons flee from their Homes, 371

PEACE RESTORED.—Gov. Cumming visits Salt Lake City—His Passage through Echo Cañon—Everywhere greeted with Honour—Brigham surrenders the Territorial Seal, and receives the new Governor with Courtesy—Commissioners arrive with President Buchanan's Pardon—Peace proclaimed—General Johnston without Opposition traverses the Streets of Zion—The Federal Troops locate Forty Miles from the City—The Saints return to their Homes—The Prophet's Boasting and the President's Folly suddenly terminate, 389

THE JUDGES AT WORK.—The Federal Officers divided—Judge Sinclair opposed by the District Attorney at Salt Lake City—Judge Cradlebaugh holds Court at Provo—The Charges of Murder at Springville—Attention drawn to the Mountain Meadows Massacre and other Murders—The Jury find no Bills of Indictment—The Judge discharges them—Depositions of Witnesses taken Terrible Revelations—Counterfeiting on United States Treasury—Trying to arrest Brigham—Saving the Governor's Official Head, 400

THE EXPEDITION A FAILURE.—The Mormons enriched by the Presence of the Troops—Intercourse with the Camp forbidden to the Saints—The Assertion of Personal Liberty and the Dawning of Freedom to the bold—Brigham supplies the Military with Tithing Flour—Rowdyism and Murders in the City—The Prophet guarded Night and Day—The Desperadoes are wasted away—The Rebellion in the South a Theme of Rejoicing—The Fulfilment of Joseph's Prediction—The Expedition recalled—Great Destruction of Munitions of War—Millions of Property wasted—The Federal Troops vacate the Territory, and the Saints rejoice, 415

THE MOUNTAIN MEADOWS MASSACRE.—The Story of two Emigrant Trains—The Journey across the Plains—Arrival in Salt Lake City—Denied Provisions in the Mormon Settlements—The Travel to the Mountain Meadows—A Militia Regiment follows them—Indians and Mormon Militia attack the Train—A Fight for Four Days—Mormon Officers betray the Emigrants under a Flag of Truce—They lay down their Arms under Promise of Protection—A Hundred and Twenty Men, Women, and Children butchered Seventeen Children preserved—The Story of the Massacre confirmed by the Affidavit of Bishop Smith—The Author's Letter to Brigham Young—Superintendent Forney's Report—Names of the Little Ones saved—Judge Cradlebaugh's Speech in Congress—Sale of the Emigrants' Property—Major Carlton's Story of the Monument—"Vengeance is mine, I have repaid"—"Argus" defines Brigham Young's Responsibility—Congress deaf to the Demand for Investigation, 424

THE SPRINGVILLE MURDERS.—The Status of the People during the Time of Blood—Brigham's Absolute Authority—Something Personal of Lee and the Leaders at Springville—How the Parrishes were entrapped and murdered—Confession of the Bishop's Counsellor—"Helping those who need Help"—How Bird "worked the best he could"—"A Lick across the Throat"—Paying the Atoning Penalty—Horrible Sacrifice of an Unfaithful Wife—How John G———'s Blood was "Spilled," 459

THE FAITH OF THE SAINTS.—The Prophet's Creed given to the Public—The Doctrines taught to the Saints—Spirits in Prison—Baptism for the Dead—Brigham Young teaches that Adam is the God of this World—Brigham and all the Mormons are to make New Worlds and become Gods—A New Version of Paradise Lost and Paradise Regained—Origin of the Devil—The Mormon Account of the Origin of the African Race, 472

THE MORMON THEOCRACY.—All Earthly Government is Rebellion—The Kingdom of God in Utah —he Gentiles to be destroyed—Why the Mormons pray for the Overthrow of the Republic—Believers to deed all their Property to Brigham Young, "the Lord's" Representative on Earth—The Families of the Saints to be Adopted by the Apostles—Brigham's Word equal to that of God—Orson Hyde illustrates the Kingdoms of the "Gods," 495

THE BOOK OF ABRAHAM.—An Extraordinary Document—The Prophet buys Egyptian Mummies—Translates Papyri found with them—Another Translation by a Scientist—Delusion, Deception, or Folly?—Was Joseph Smith a "Spirit Medium?" 507

THE BOOK OF MORMON.—Orson Pratt's Account of its Origin—Ancient Hebrew Prophecies fulfilled—First Inhabitants of America—Murder of Laban—Theft of his Plates—Migration of Israelites from Palestine to America—The Building of the "Barges"—Lehi and his Sons Jared's Interview with "the Lord"—Difficulties of Navigation—The Wonderful Compass—Bad Ways of the Brethren—Landing in America—Nations founded and Cities built—"Christians" in America One Hundred Years before Christ was born—A Church founded—Persecutions and Preachings—Fearful Signs, Wonders, and Prophecies—Battles between the Nephites and Lamanites—Two Millions of Men slain in one Battle—The Gold Plates hid in the Hill Cumorah—Internal Evidence—Plagiarisms from the New Testament and Shakespeare—Analysis of the Book—The folly of the Mormon Argument upon Evidence, 528

THE PRIESTHOOD IN ZION.—Its Organizations, Apostolic, Judicial, and Political—The Prayers of the Saints—The Surveillance of the Teachers—The Eyes of the Priesthood over all—The Missionaries abroad—The Elders travel "without Purse or Scrip"—How Mormonism is introduced among the Gentiles—Foreign Missions—His Satanic Majesty attacks the Apostles in England—"Devils" attack Brother Heber—Success in Britain—The Emigration to Zion—Baptizing Converts in the Atlantic—The Journey through the States, 556

POLYGAMY IN UTAH.—Preached from the Tabernacle—A Terrible Trial to Women—Degradation of the Sex—Ancient Hebrew Examples adduced—"Living Martyrs" to a Debasing Doctrine—Brigham Young on Polygamy Second and "following" Wives—Marriage Rites among the Mormons—The First Wife is not asked one Question—Impossibility of Happiness in Polygamy, 581

UTAH DURING THE REBELLION.—Change of Federal Officers—Brutal Attack upon Governor Dawson by Mormon Rowdies—Three of them shot—A Rival Prophet to Brigham—The "Morrisite" Community—They disregard a Writ of Habeas Corpus—The Mormon Militia acting as a Posse Comitatus—Three Days' Fighting—The Prophet Morris, his Counsellor Banks, and two Women, killed after the Surrender—Arrival of new Federal Officers—An early Difficulty—Arrival of the California Volunteers—Establishment of Camp Douglas—Brigham defies the Law of Congress, and takes "an Elderly Young Woman" to Wife—The Prophet afraid of Arrest—Citizens summoned to protect him—Chief-Justice Kinney arrests the Prophet for violating the Anti-Polygamic Law—Brigham gives Bail—The Grand Jury find no Evidence that Brigham had married again—Trouble with the Federal Officials—The Mormons invite them to leave the Territory—The Tabernacle and Mormon Press rejoice in the Calamities of the Union—General Connor and the Volunteers a Terror to Evil-Doers—A Midnight Scare—Another False Prophecy—Brigham predicts another Four Years of War only Four Days before General Lee surrendered, 591

AFTER THE WAR.—Grand Procession of Mormons and Gentiles—Prospective Peace—The Federal Officers and Mormon Dignitaries wine together—The City honours General Connor in the Social Hall—The Prophets and the Gentile Ladies decline attending the Ball—Vice-President Colfax and Literary Friends visit Zion—The Interview with the Prophet—The Hon. James M. Ashley sees the Difficulty of convicting the Apostles for Polygamy—He tells Tom Corwin's Story of the "Eleven Jurors who had some of the Ham"—A Gentile marries a Mormon Elder's Second Wife—Mr. Brassfield assassinated—Great Excitement among the Gentiles—General Sherman gives Brigham a Hint that he will send Troops to Zion—Brigham hastens to assert his Innocence—Contention over the Warm Springs—Dr. Robinson, the Contestant, is assassinated—A Foul and Dreadful Murder—Brigham joins the Gentiles in offering a Reward for the Murderers—No Detection—Years after, Brigham withdraws his Reward—Afraid of tempting Men to Perjury—Three Apostates charged with stealing a Cow— Arrested, confined, two murdered in "attempting to escape"—The Brethren arrested for Murder, and escape—Chief-Justice Titus grossly insulted, 611

THE DAWNING OF FREEDOM.—The Mercantile Struggle against Despotism—"Freezing out the Gentiles"—Police Surveillance of Apostates' Stores—The Walker Brothers—Brigham refuses a Check from them for $500—A Bishop told to "cut away"—Handed over to the Buffetings of Satan—The Fight with Brigham—Fears of Violence—Gentile Merchants offer to sell out at a Great Loss and leave the City—Brigham's Reply—The Gentiles and Apostates under the Ban—Zion's Cooperative Mercantile Institution organized—Trouble among the Mormon Merchants—Ruin of the Small Traders—"The Seed of the Prophet Joseph" go to Zion—The Reorganized Church—"Young Joseph"—Alexander H. and David Hyrum Smith in Utah—Brigham's Jealousy—The Sons of Joseph meet with Success—The "New Movement"—The Utah Magazine—Wonderful Revelations of Messrs. Godbe and Harrison—Voices from Heaven against Brigham—The Beginning of the Great Apostacy—Godbe, Harrison and Kelsey expelled from the Church—The Magazine opens its Batteries upon the Prophet—The Gentiles and Liberal Mormons encourage the "Rebels"—The "Reformers" start a Newspaper—They preach and write themselves into Spiritualism—The Fetters burst and the Gentile Merchants triumph—Brigham's Power waning—His Sceptre broken, 622

BRIGHAM YOUNG.—His Father's—Family His Early Life and Occupation—Brigham's Faith—The "Gift of Tongues"—"Brother Brigham" opposed to Manifestations of the "Gift"—His Ideas of Unreasoning Obedience—The Prophet at Home—The "Trustee in Trust"—The Prophet's Wives—His Favourites—Brigham's Domestic Life—His Habits and Traits of Character—His Hours of Business—The Prophet in his Office—Extraordinary Influence with the People—Unheard of Claims to Dictation in Secular Affairs—Lovers to ask Brigham's Permission to love—Troublesome Elders sent on Mission—Ordered to go to "Dixie"—Mission to the Indians—How the "Lamanites" were to be made a "White and Delightsome People"—Heber's Hint to the Missionaries, and how they took it—Brigham on his Travels—The "Royal Blood of Young"—Reception of the Prophet the Saints—"The Lion of the Lord" in his Glory—The Saints listen to the Prophet—His Style of Preaching—The Prophet's Successor—Brigham the Second—Founding a Dynasty—Nepotism greater than Birthright and Priesthood—The Precedent given by Brigham—George A. Smith, Brigham's Rightful Successor—Apostle George Q. Cannon—A Mission to Jerusalem—Influence of the Railroad—Influx of Gentiles—Brigham's Lost Opportunities—Great Wealth of the Prophet—How Brigham balanced his Account with the Church—How the Prophet got rich—The Probable Future of Mormonism at his Death, 646


THE TERRITORY OF UTAH.—Its Boundaries and Character—The Lakes—Superficial Area—The Settlements—Population—Excess of Male Inhabitants—Mules voting for Delegates to Congress!—"Getting up" Petitions—The Militia—The Nauvoo Legion—The Federal Governors—A Stormy Political Meeting—Governor Shaffer's Difficulties—Change of Officers—A Proclamation—Resolute Conduct of the Governor—His Last Official Act—Conflict between Mormon Officials and Federal Officers—Delegate Hooper justifies Polygamy in Congress—Dr. Newman discusses Polygamy with Orson Pratt—Appointment of Chief-Justice McKean—His Legal Decisions—The Hawkins Case—Decisions reserved by the Supreme Court—Brigham's Anxiety for a State Government, 671


SALT LAKE CITY.—Its Situation and Beauty—Its Railway Communication—Water Supply—Great and Increasing Improvement—The Tabernacle—Brigham the Architect of Zion—Inspiring the Prophet with an Idea—The Great Organ—The Tabernacle Services—Results of the Influx of Gentiles—Brigham's Commercial Street—Christian Churches in Utah—Their Work and Influence—The Episcopal Church—Christian Schools—Brigham's Opinion of Gentile Instruction—The Methodist Teacher's Difficulties—Polygamy opposed by Mr. McLeod—The Liberal Institute—Lectures in Zion—Evidences of Prosperity—Progress of Civilization in Utah, 691


THE MINES OF UTAH.

THE POTOSI OF THE WEST.—Early Anticipations of the Treasures of Utah—Ore discovered in the Mountains—First Discovery of Argentiferous Galena—Enterprise of General P. E. Connor—The United States Soldiers "prospect" for Mines—Mr. Eli B. Kelsey lectures on the Wealth of Utah—Incorporation of the West Jordan Mining Company—First Srnelting-Furnace erected at Stockton—Rush Valley Smelting Company formed—Waiting for the Railroad—First Shipments of Ore—The Utah Central Railroad—Rich Ores in Ophir District—Silveropolis—Valuable Mines in East Cañon—Colonel E. D. Buel's Works in Cottonwood—Numerous Furnaces erected—Results of Inexperience—First Mill in Utah—Extraordinary Success—Large Shipments of Bullion and Ores—The Emma Mine—Formation of Veins of Ore—The Action of Water and Volcanic Force—Statistics of the Emma Mine—Its Immense Value—Bonanzas—Extraordinary Dividends to Proprietors—Southern Mines—True Fissure-Veins Their Importance—Solfataric Action—The Mineral Springs—The Staples of the Utah Mines—Silver and Lead—Gold in Bingham Cañon—Gold in Sevier River—Quartz Mines—Gold near Ogden—Iron and Lead Ores—Supply of Fuel—Gradual Improvements—Scarcity of Wood—Discoveries of Coal—Building Material—Importance of a Valid "Title"—Development of Locations—Contested Claims—Commissioner Drummond's Decision—The Vast Mineral Resources of Utah—Importance of the Territory—Its Beauty, Wealth, Capabilities, and Claims to Attention, 709

APPENDIX, 785

INDEX, 747

ILLUSTRATIONS.



PAGE
1.
BRIGHAM YOUNG—Steel-plate Engraving
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
[Frontispiece.]
2.
JOSEPH SMITH'S FIRST VISION
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
1
3.
PREACHING IN THE HIGHWAYS
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
2
4.
DISCOVERY OF THE GOLD PLATES
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
19
5.
MARTIN HARRIS, THE PROPHET'S SCRIBE
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
22
6.
FAC-SIMILE OF A PORTION OF THE BOOK OF MORMON
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
23, 24
7.
THE FIRST MORMON BAPTISM
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
29
8.
ORGANIZATION OF THE MORMON CHURCH
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
31, 32
9.
TARRED AND FEATHERED
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
42
10.
"THE LORD'S" ARMY MARCHING TO THE DELIVERANCE OF ZION
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
53, 54
11.
THE TEMPLE AT KIRTLAND, OHIO
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
62
12.
THE APOSTLE HEBER C. KIMBALL
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
69
13.
THE PROPHET BANKERS ON THE WING
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
73
14.
MORMON TROUBLES IN MISSOURI BEGIN
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
81
15.
MASSACRE OF MORMONS AT HAUN'S MILL
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
97, 98
16.
THE PROPHET'S FLIGHT FROM MISSOURI
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
118
17.
THE HOME OF THE SAINTS IN ILLINOIS
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
121, 132
18.
LIEUT.-GEN. JOSEPH SMITH (Prophet, Seer, and Revelator)
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
131, 132
19.
ORRIN PORTER ROCKWELL
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
141
20.
THE PROPHET SURRENDERS TO THE LAW
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
152
21.
ASSASSINATION OF JOSEPH SMITH
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
161, 162
22.
THE APOSTLE TAYLOR
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
166
23.
"THE END"
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
168
24.
"THE ELECT LADY MRS. EMMA SMITH
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
188
25.
SIDNEY RIGDON
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
206
26.
BURNING MORMON HOUSES
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
216
27.
THE EXODUS FROM NAUVOO
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
219, 220
28.
RUINS OF THE TEMPLE
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
226
29.
THE BATTALION BALL
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
246
30.
THE PIONEERS
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
251, 252
31.
MAP OF SALT LAKE VALLEY
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
257, 258
32.
THE BEGINNING OF THE REFORMATION
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
293
33.
REFORMING A HERETIC
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
297
34.
THE HAND-CART EMIGRANTS IN A STORM
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
809, 810
35.
PASSING THROUGH IOWA
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
315

36.
"CAME TO ME AND BEGGED BREAD"
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
825
37.
THE OLD MAN JAMES
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
329
38.
WHAT OF THE PROMISES?
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
830
39.
JOHN CHISLETT
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
332
40.
CROSSING THE PLATTE RIVER
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
335
41.
THE UNITED STATES EXPEDITION TO UTAH
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
343, 344
42.
BRIGHAM'S "DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE"
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
351
43.
ECHO CANON THE MORMON DEFENCES
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
863
44.
LIEUTENANT-GENERAL D. H. WELLS
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
367
45.
BURNING GOVERNMENT TRAINS
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
368
46.
THE CAMP OF DEATH
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
370
47.
WINTER SCENE UNITED STATES TROOPS HAULING WOOD
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
378
48.
TRIUMPHAL MARCH OF UNITED STATES TROOPS THROUGH SALT LAKE CITY
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
387, 388
49.
THE MOUNTAIN MEADOWS MASSACRE
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
425, 426
50.
BROTHER KANOSH, THE INDIAN CHIEF
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
436
51.
ROAD FROM FILLMORE TO MOUNTAIN MEADOWS [Map]
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
443
52.
ORSON HYDE, PRESIDENT OF THE TWELVE APOSTLES
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
483
53.
THE APOSTLE ORSON PRATT
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
497
54.
DIAGRAM OF THE CELESTIAL KINGDOM
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
506
55.
EGYPTIAN HIEROGLYPHICS, NO. I
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
511, 512
56.
""NO. II
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
514, 515
57.
""NO. III
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
517, 518
58.
PLATES FOUND IN KINDERHOOK, OHIO
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
549, 550
59.
SHOOTING A RIVAL PROPHET
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
589, 590
60.
MAJOR-GENERAL P.EDWARD CONNOR
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
608
61.
ASSASSINATION OF DR. J. KING ROBINSON
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
619
62.
J. ROBINSON WALKER
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
624
63.
JOSEPH SMITH, THE PROPHET'S SON
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
629
64.
BRIGHAM YOUNG ON HIS TRAVELS
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
647, 648
65.
BRIGHAM YOUNG'S HOME
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
651
66.
AUTOGRAPH LETTER OF BRIGHAM YOUNG
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
655, 656
67.
THE APOSTLE GEORGE A. SMITH
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
661
68.
"" BRIGHAM YOUNG, JUNIOR
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
662
69.
"" GEORGE Q. CANNON
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
664
70.
MAP OF UTAH TERRITORY
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
669, 670
71.
SALT LAKE CITY
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
689, 690
72.
THE MORMON TABERNACLE
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
695
73.
THE SALT LAKE TEMPLE
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
699, 700
74.
ST. MARK'S EPISCOPAL CHURCH
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
703
75.
THE FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF UTAH
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
707
76.
BINGHAM CANON
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
709, 710
77.
LITTLE COTTONWOOD
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
717, 718
78.
THE PIONEER MILL
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
721, 722
79.
THE EMMA MINE
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .
725, 726

This work was published before January 1, 1924, and is in the public domain worldwide because the author died at least 100 years ago.