The Souvenir of Western Women

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The
Souvenir of Western Women


Edited by
MARY OSBORN DOUTHIT



PORTLAND, OREGON

1905

Copyright, 1905, by Mary Osborn Douthit



Presses of

Anderson & Duniway Company

Portland, Oregon


Souvenir of Western Women 0008 Crater Lake.png

Crater Lake in Oregon

PREFACE

THE SOUVENIR OF WESTERN WOMEN bears upon its pages a complex picture of the works and pioneer experiences of the women in the Pacific Northwest—the "Old Oregon" country—from the time of woman's first appearance in these unexplored wilds to the present day.

The purpose of this book is to record woman's part in working out the plan of our Western civilization; no other civilization, perhaps, bearing so conspicuously the imprint of her hand and her brain. In coming to this country through all the perils, privations, and hardships of the longest journey ever made by a migratory people in search of homes, she marched side by side with man. Upon arriving here she could acquire equally with him a part of the public domain (the first instance of the kind on record).

In patience, courage, and endurance, woman proved man's equal. In her ability to cope with strenuous conditions, she was again his recognized peer. The powers thus engendered within her must perforce have left an indelible impression on the body politic. Their dominance is apparent in our colleges and universities, all of which are builded upon co-education as a corner-stone, and all of which also accept women as co-members of the faculty.

From the beginning of statehood in all the states carved out of the "Old Oregon" country, women have been admitted to the practice of the professions on an equality with men. In the legislative halls woman's voice has been heard, and some of our most salutary laws owe their origin to her thought.

In property rights woman enjoys far greater privileges here than in the older portions of our country. These Northwestern States are among the few in the nation that make the mother a legal custodian of her children, and entrust her with the property of minor heirs. From a national point of view greater yet is the outcome of woman's presence here. To the pioneer woman — without whom permanent settlement could not have been made—the nation owes the very possession of this great Western territory.

Captain Gray made the discovery of the Columbia River (1792), and this discovery laid claim to the vast tract drained by it and its tributaries. Lewis and Clark, led by the "Birdwoman," marked the way to it across the continent (1805). The good missionaries brought to its wild native peoples, thirty years later, the "White Man's Book of Heaven," the forerunner of civilization; but the combined effort of all these could not have held this country for the United States had it not been for the pioneer American women, who. braving all dangers and hardships, came with man to build homes and establish permanent settlements.

Let our debt of gratitude be now acknowledged and duly recorded, that those who come after us may know and value the deeds of the women who first trod these plains and valleys wherein we dwell. These pioneer women we herein represent, and transcribe upon the pages of history the story of their lives. Numbered among the writers of these chronicles is the second white child born in this unexplored land, Mrs. Eliza Spalding Warren, daughter of Rev. and Mrs. H. H. Spalding, missionaries of 1836. Among them, also are some of the pioneers of '43, '44 and '45, whose hands rocked the cradle of liberty in these Western wilds when the triple states carved out of the "Old Oregon" country were yet in embryo. Voices from the past, they enchant us with their fairy-like lore and heroic deeds.

That many, far as well as near, may share the charm of the last recitals of these old pioneers and catch the inspiration of their unflinching courage. The Souvenir would bear their messages through the land.

MARY OSBORN DOUTHIT.

Portland, Oregon, May 1, 1905.

CONTENTS

Page

A Few Recollections of a Busy LifeBy Abigail Scott Duniway
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9
Crater LakeBy Will G. Steel
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13
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13
Narcissa Prentiss WhitmanBy Catherine Sager Pringle
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
17
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
19
The Lewis and Clark ExpositionBy Jefferson Myers
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
23
The Oregon GrapeBy Eunice W. Luckey
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
24
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
25
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
27
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
28
Wannetta (a story)By Julia C. La Barre
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
29
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
34
Susan B. Anthony's Visits to OregonBy Abigail Scott Duniway
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
36
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
38
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
41
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43
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44
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47
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
49
A Pioneer Country PhysicianBy Dr. Rovia E. Alexander
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
51
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
53
Babies of the Pioneers (Poem)By Eunice W. Luckey
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
54
Some Early Oregon SchoolsBy Marianne Hunsaker D'Arcy
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
55
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
59
The Dawn of the Sea Wind (a story)By Miriam Van Waters
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61
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
65
Ezra and Lucy Taft FisherBy Sarah Fisher Henderson
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
66
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
69
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
69
Sealth and AngelineBy Miss E. I. Denny
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70
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71
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72
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74
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75
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76
Bishop B. Wistar MorrisMrs. Belle J. Sellwood
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77
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78
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
79
Mrs. Emiline HimesBy George H. Himes
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81
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
83
Washington Women's ClubsMrs. Jenette S. Moore
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
84
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
85
St. Peter's Church and Its Ivy-Clad TowerBy Elizabeth McCarver Harris
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80
My Mother's Flower GardenBy Charlotte Matheny Kirkwood
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88
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89
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91
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94
Early Portland SchoolsBy Alice P. Cornwall
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95
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99
Helen F. Spalding—By Mrs. Catherine A. Coburn
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103
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104
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108
Baptist Women in the Pacific NorthwestBy Ellen Scott Latourette
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
109
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113
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115
Woman Suffrage in IdahoBy William Balderston
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117
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119
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120
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121
Scenes About the Home of My ChildhoodBy Mary Osborn Douthit
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123
Frances Fuller VictorBy Edna Isabel Protzman
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
125
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127
The Oregon Women's Flax IndustryBy Mrs. W. P. Lord, Salem, Or
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
128
Pine Needle IndustryBy Mrs. W. P. Lord
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131
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
132
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
133
The Mercer GirlsBy C. B. Bagley, Seattle, Wash
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
135
The Portland Woman's UnionBy Elizabeth Story Hamilton
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
137
The College Girl (Poem)—By Eva Emery Dye
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
139
In Memory of Narcissa White KinneyBy Mrs. Henrietta Brown
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
140
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
142
Ontario Then and NowBy Miss Mary Locey
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
143
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
145
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147
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148
Women in MedicineBy Annice Jeffreys Myers, M. D.
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
149
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153
The Baby HomeBy Mrs. Charles E. Sitton
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157
The Woman's Christian Temperance UnionBy Lucia H. Faxon Additon
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159
The Woman's Emergency CorpsBy Mrs. Henry E. Jones
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
161
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163
Woman's Clubs in OregonBy Jennie C. Pritchard
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165
Council of Jewish WomenBy Mrs. Blanche Blumauer
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
167
A Scrap From an Old DiaryBy Mrs. E. M. Wilson
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
168
The Woman on the FarmBy Mrs. Clara Humason Waldo
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
169
The Woman's Relief CorpsBy Mrs. Julia A. Kemp Lawton
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
172
Mrs. Catherine A. CoburnBy Miss Helen F. Spalding
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
173
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174
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175
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179
Domestic ScienceBy Mrs. Mary E. Young
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
181
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183
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186
The Visiting Nurse AssociationBy Mrs. B. H. Trumbull
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
187
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188
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189
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191
Women on Public Boards—By Mae H. Cardwell, M. D.
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
192
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193
The Young Women's Christian AssociationBy Mrs. Jessie M. Honeyman
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
194
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195
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196
Life in a Mining CampBy Mrs. J. L. Goodyear
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197
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199
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200

ILLUSTRATIONS

Page

Crater Lake
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Frontispiece
Abigail Scott Duniway
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
9
Indian Woman of the Umatilla Tribe
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
16
Forestry Building—Lewis and Clark Exposition
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
22
Jefferson Myers
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
23
Esplanade and Terraces—Northern Approach to Exhibit Palaces of Lewis and Clark Fair
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
24
Indians of the Plains
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
26
Portland-on-the-Willamette—A seaport 110 miles inland
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
33
Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Gray (half-tone)
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
39
Taylor-Street M. E. Church
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
41
Mrs. C. M. Cartwright and Grandson
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
44
First House in Portland
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
45
Eev. J. A. Hanna (photographed at eighty)
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
46
Dr. W. F. Alexander (photographed at eighty)
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
50
The Natatorium, Boise, Idaho
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
58
Specimen Lumber Tree of the Oregon-Washington Forests
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
60
St. Mary's Academy and College
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
65
Dame Nature's Monument
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68
Home of Eva Emery Dye
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
74
St. Helen's Hall
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
76
Bishop B. Wistar Morris (half-tone)
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
77
Miss Mary B. Rodney (half-tone)
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
77
Block Houses and Pioneer Printing Office at Lapwai
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
80
St. Peter's Church, Tacoma
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
86
The Three Sisters—View of North and Middle Peaks
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
87
Mount Rainier (in colors)
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
89
Hill Military Academy, Portland, Or
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
94
Portland High School
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
97
Trinity Episcopal Church, Portland, Or
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
98
Miss Helen F. Spalding (half-tone)
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
103
Academy of the Holy Names, Seattle, Wash
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
108
First Baptist Church (the White Temple)
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
109
First Baptist Church West of the Rocky Mountains
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
110
Mount Hood
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Front Cover and 112
Mount Adams
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
113
Roberts Brothers' Department Store
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
116
Shoshone Falls of Snake River—60 Feet Higher than Niagara
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
122
Frances Fuller Victor (half-tone)
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
125
Yakutat Indian Basketry
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
126
Seattle Seminary
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
127
Midwinter Scene in Southern Oregon
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
130
St. Teresa's Academy, Boise, Idaho
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
132
Eva Emery Dye (half-tone)
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
138
Narcissa White Kinney (half-tone)
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
140
Sheep-Shearing—Ranch of James Small (photographed by Herman Putzien)
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
145
Hydraulic Mining—Pipeman and a Giant Stream
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
146
Mrs. Emma Wilson Gillespie
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
148
The North Pacific Sanatorium
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
152
Rev. T. L. Eliot (half-tone)
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
154
First Unitarian Church
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
155
The Baby Home
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
158
Song of the Klootchman
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
163
The Pillars of Hercules
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
171
Mrs. Catherine A. Coburn (half-tone)
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
173
James Harrison and Lueza Osborn Douthit
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
175
James Harrison Douthit (from daguerreotype )
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
176
The Washington. Seattle, Wash.
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
180
The Crystal Springs Sanitarium
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
182
The Newill Riverview Academy
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
188
Chinese Mother and Children. Portland, Or.
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
193
Sacajawea Monument
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Back Cover

This work is in the public domain in the United States because it was published before January 1, 1924. It may be copyrighted outside the U.S. (see Help:Public domain).