The Tribes of Burma/Bibliographical notes/Palaungs

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THE PALAUNGS.[edit]

References :
Lowis = "A Note on the Palaungs of Hsipaw and Tawngpeng." C. C. Lowis, Rangoon, 1906.
Serial
No.
Head. Brief description. Authority. Page.
1 2 3 4 5
1 Present habitat. Shan States, Ruby Mines District. Upper Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I, Part I.
Lowis     ...     ...
"Yunnan." H.R.Davies, Cambridge, 1909.
484 

376 
2 Origin ... Central Asia ... Lowis   ...   ...
3 Political and social divisions. Clans distinguished by different dress.
Palaungs and Pales.
Upper Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I, Part I.
Lowis ... ...
486 
20 
4 Allied tribes ... Was, Riangs, Kamus ... Upper Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I, Part I.
Lowis   ...   ...
492, 493 
5 Language and dialects. Vocabularies Mon-Annam sub-family
of the Indo-Chinese family.[1]
Upper Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I, Part I.
Lowis ... ...
Burma Census Report, 1901, Part I.
626-645 

89 
6 Religion ... Buddhism, tempered with animism.
Nat festivals, Damada Savubiva.
Upper Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I, Part I.
Lowis   ...   ...
487,
490-491 
7 Magic and witchcraft. Alleged power of bewitching cattle and ponies. Lowis   ...   ...
8 Marriage customs and ceremonies. Courting customs ; drawing of lots. Marriage by purchase. Faint traces of endogamy. Upper Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I, Part I.
Lowis ... ...
489
10
9 Death and burial ceremonies. Burial the rule. Monks and those of chiefly blood burnt. Upper Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I, Part I.
Lowis ... ...
490
11
10 Clothing ... Men—dressed like Shans, Women—dressed generally in coat and skirt, latter varying with clan. Hood almost universally worn ; gaiters. Upper Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I, Part I.
Lowis ... ...
Reconnaissance through the Province of Kokang. H. B. Walker, Rangoon, 1892. "Yünnan." H. R. Davies, Cambridge, 1909.
487
14 et seq.
11

376
11 Personal ornaments. Silver torques, ear tubes, waist rings, bangles, plates of metal on the edge of jackets, head bands. Upper Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I, Part I.
Reconnaissance through the Province of Kokang. H. B. Walker, Rangoon 1892.
Lowis ... ...
487
11
 
14 et seq.
12 Painting and tattooing. Men tattooed like Shans from waist to knee. Lowis ... ... 15
13 Games and amusements. Dancing, etc. Lowis ... ... 12
14 Agriculture ... Tea and rice cultivated
In some places opium ...
Upper Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I, Part I.
Upper Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I, Part I.
Lowis ... ...
486
493
11
15 Habitations... Bamboo and thatch, raised from ground, frequently accommodating several families. Upper Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I, Part I.
Lowis ... ...
"Yunnan." H. R. Davies, Cambridge, 1909.
487
5
376
16 Government ... Clans self-governing to a certain extent. Paw-lams. Lowis ... ... 21
17 Character Peaceable and law-abiding. Lowis 3
18 Trade ... Tea, bullock caravans ... Lowis ... ... 12
19 Education ... Elementary education in I monasteries. Upper Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I, Part I. 493
20 Writing and drawing. What writing there is is in the Shan character and is Shan or Pâli. Lowis ... ... 9
21 Music and Poetry. Musical instruments, gong's, etc. Lowis ... ... 13
22 Arts, e.g., pottery, weaving, dyeing. Weaving Lowis ... ... 12
23 Engineering and implements. Das, etc. Lowis ... ... 13
24 Food, etc. Rice, tea, tobacco smoked comparatively little, but betel universally chewed. Lowis ... ... 14
25 Miscellaneous, folklore, etc. Origin of tea industry ; ophiolatry. Upper Burma Gazetteer, Vol. I, Part I.
Lowis ... ...
491
16
26 Anthropometric data. Cephalic index ... 80.5
Facial index ... 120.8
Height standing 158.1
Anthropometric data from Burma. B. Gupta, Calcutta, 1906. 84
  1. Now shown (vide Imperial Gazetteer of India, Volume I, page 390) as belonging to the Mon Khmer family.