The Works of Lord Byron (ed. Coleridge, Prothero)/Poetry/Volume 7

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Poetical Works

OF

LORD BYRON.


First Edition . . February, 1904.
Second Edition . . October, 1905.


Works of Lord Byron Poetry Volume 7 frontispiece.jpg

Ada Byron
(Countess of Lovelace)


The Works

OF

LORD BYRON.


A NEW, REVISED AND ENLARGED EDITION,

WITH ILLUSTRATIONS.



Poetry. Vol. VII.

EDITED BY

ERNEST HARTLEY COLERIDGE, M.A.,

HON. F.R.S.L.



LONDON:

JOHN MURRAY, ALBEMARLE STREET.

NEW YORK: CHARLES SCRIBNER'S SONS.

1905.


PREFACE TO THE SEVENTH VOLUME.

Of the seventy-three "Epigrams and Jeux d'Esprit," which are printed at the commencement of this volume, forty-five were included in Murray's one-volume edition of 1837, eighteen have been collected from various publications, and ten are printed and published for the first time.

The "Devil's Drive," which appears in Moore's Letters and Journals, and in the sixth volume of the Collected Edition of 1831 as an "Unfinished Fragment" of ninety-seven lines, is now printed and published for the first time in its entirety (248 lines), from a MS. in the possession of the Earl of Ilchester. "A Farewell Petition to J. C. H. Esq.;" "My Boy Hobbie O;" "[Love and Death];" and "Last Words on Greece," are reprinted from the first volume of Murray's Magazine (1887).

A few imperfect and worthless poems remain in MS.; but with these and one or two other unimportant exceptions, the present edition of the Poetical Works may be regarded as complete.

In compiling a "Bibliography of the successive Editions and Translations of Lord Byron's Poetical Works," I have endeavoured, in the first instance, to give a full and particular account of the collected editions and separate issues of the poems and dramas which were open to my inspection; and, secondly, to extract from general bibliographies, catalogues of public and private libraries, and other sources bibliographical records of editions which I have been unable to examine, and were known to me only at second-hand. It will be observed that the title-pages of editions which have passed through my hands are aligned; the titles of all other editions are italicized.

I cannot pretend that this assortment of bibliographical entries is even approximately exhaustive; but as "a sample" of a bibliography it will, I trust, with all its imperfections, be of service to the student of literature, if not to the amateur or bibliophile. With regard to nomenclature and other technicalities, my aim has been to put the necessary information as clearly and as concisely as possible, rather than to comply with the requirements of this or that formula. But the path of the bibliographer is beset with difficulties. "Al Sirat's arch"—"the bridge of breadth narrower than the thread of a famished spider, and sharper than the edge of a sword" (see The Giaour, line 483, note 1)—affords an easier and a safer foothold.

To the general reader a bibliography says little or nothing; but, in one respect, a bibliography of Byron is of popular import. It affords scientific proof of an almost unexampled fame, of a far-reaching and still potent influence. Teuton and Latin and Slav have taken Byron to themselves, and have made him their own. No other English poet except Shakespeare has been so widely read and so frequently translated. Of Manfred I reckon one Bohemian translation, two Danish, two Dutch, three French, nine German, three Hungarian, three Italian, two Polish, one Romaic, one Roumanian, four Russian, and three Spanish translations, and, in all probability, there are others which have escaped my net. The question, the inevitable question, arises—What was, what is, the secret of Byron's Continental vogue? and why has his fame gone out into all lands? Why did Goethe enshrine him, in the second part of Faust, "as the representative of the modern era ... undoubtedly to be regarded as the greatest genius of our century?" (Conversations of Goethe, 1874, p. 265).

It is said, and with truth, that Byron's revolutionary politics commended him to oppressed nationalities and their sympathizers; that he was against "the tramplers"—Castlereagh, and the Duke of Wellington, and the Holy Alliance; that he stood for liberty. Another point in his favour was his freedom from cant, his indifference to the pieties and proprieties of the Britannic Muse; that he had the courage of his opinions. Doubtless in a time of trouble he was welcomed as the champion of revolt, but deeper reasons must be sought for an almost exclusive preference for the works of one poet and a comparative indifference to the works of his rivals and contemporaries. He fulfilled another, perhaps a greater ideal. An Englishman turns to poetry for the expression in beautiful words of his happier and better feelings, and he is not contented unless poetry tends to make him happier or better—happier because better than he would be otherwise. His favourite poems are psalms, or at least metrical paraphrases, of life. Men of other nations are less concerned about their feelings and their souls. They regard the poet as the creator, the inventor, the maker par excellence, and he who can imagine or make the greatest eidolon is the greatest poet. Childe Harold and The Corsair, Mazeppa and Manfred, Cain and Sardanapalus were new creations, new types, forms more real than living man, which appealed to their artistic sense, and led their imaginations captive. "It is a mark," says Goethe (Aus meinem Leben: Dichtung und Wahreit, 1876, iii. 125), "of true poetry, that, as a secular gospel, it knows how to free us from the earthly burdens which press upon us, by inward serenity, by outward charm.... The most lively, as well as the gravest works have the same end—to moderate both pleasure and pain through a happy mental representation." It is passion translated into action, the pageantry of history, the transfiguration into visible lineaments of living moods and breathing thoughts which are the notes of this "secular gospel," and for one class of minds work out a secular redemption.

It was not only the questionable belief that he was on the side of the people, or his ethical and theological audacities, or his prolonged Continental exile, which won for Byron a greater name abroad than he has retained at home; but the character of his poetry. "The English may think of Byron as they please" (Conversations of Goethe, 1874, p. 171), "but this is certain, that they can show no poet who is to be compared to him. He is different from all the others, and, for the most part, greater." The English may think of him as they please! and for them, or some of them, there is "a better œnomel," a vinum Dæmonum, which Byron has not in his gift. The evidence of a world-wide fame will not endear a poet to a people and a generation who care less for the matter than the manner of verse, or who believe in poetry as the symbol or "credo" of the imagination or the spirit; but it should arrest attention and invite inquiry. A bibliography is a dull epilogue to a poet's works, but it speaks with authority, and it speaks last. Finis coronat opus!

I must be permitted to renew my thanks to Mr. G. F. Barwick, Superintendent of the Reading Room, Mr. Cyril Davenport, and other officials of the British Museum, of all grades and classes, for their generous and courteous assistance in the preparation and completion of the Bibliography. The consultation of many hundreds of volumes of one author, and the permission to retain a vast number in daily use, have entailed exceptional labour on a section of the staff. I have every reason to be grateful.

I am indebted to Mr. A. W. Pollard, of the British Museum, for advice and direction with regard to bibliographical formulæ; to Mr. G. L. Calderon, late of the staff, for the collection and transcription of the title-pages of Polish, Russian, and Servian translations; and to Mr. R. Nisbet Bain for the supervision and correction of the proofs of Slavonic titles.

To Mr. W. P. Courtney, the author of Bibliotheca Cornubiensis, I owe many valuable hints and suggestions, and the opportunity of consulting some important works of reference.

I have elsewhere acknowledged the valuable information with regard to certain rare editions and pamphlets which I have received from Mr. H. Buxton Forman, C.B.

My especial thanks for laborious researches undertaken on my behalf, and for information not otherwise attainable, are due to M. J. E. Aynard, of Lyons; Signor F. Bianco; Professor Max von Förster, of Würtzburg; Professor Lajos Gurnesovitz, of Buda Pest; Dr. Holzhausen, of Bonn; Mr. Leonard Mackall, of Berlin; Miss Peacock; Miss K. Schlesinger; M. Voynich, of Soho Square; Mr. Theodore Bartholomew, of the University Library of Cambridge; Mr. T. D. Stewart, of the Croydon Public Library; and the Librarians of Trinity College, Cambridge, and University College, St. Andrews.

I have also to thank, for special and generous assistance, Mr. J. P. Anderson, late of the British Museum, the author of the "Bibliography of Byron's Works" attached to the Life of Lord Byron by the Hon. Roden Noel (1890); Miss Grace Reed, of Philadelphia, for bibliographical entries of early American editions; and Professor Vladimir Hrabar, of the University of Dorpat, for the collection and transcription of numerous Russian translations of Byron's Works.

To Messrs. Clowes, the printers of these volumes, and to their reader, Mr. F. T. Peachey, I am greatly indebted for the transcription of Slavonic titles included in the Summary of the Bibliography, and for interesting and useful information during the progress of the work.

In conclusion, I must once more express my acknowment of the industry and literary ability of my friend Mr. F. E. Taylor, of Chertsey, who has read the proofs of this and the six preceding volumes.

The Index is the work of Mr. C. Eastlake Smith.

ERNEST HARTLEY COLERIDGE.

November, 1903.


CONTENTS OF VOL. VII.

PAGE
Preface to Vol. VII. of the Poems
v

Jeux d'Esprit and Minor Poems, 1798–1824.
Epigram on an Old Lady who had some Curious Notions respecting the Soul. First published, Letters and Journals, 1830, i. 28
1
Epitaph on John Adams, of Southwell. First published, Letters and Journals, 1830, i. 106
1
A Version of Ossian's Address to the Sun. First published, Atlantic Monthly, December, 1898
2
Lines to Mr. Hodgson. Written on board the Lisbon Packet. First published, Letters and Journals, 1830, i. 230-232
4
[To Dives. A Fragment.] First published, Lord Byron's Works, 1833, xvii. 241
7
Farewell Petition to J. C. H., Esqre. First published, Murray's Magazine, 1887, vol. i. pp. 290, 291
7
Translation of the Nurse's Dole in the Medea of Euripides. First published, Letters and Journals, 1830, i. 227
10
My Epitaph. First published, Letters and Journals, 1830, i. 240
10
Substitute for an Epitaph. First published, Lord Byron's Works, 1832, ix. 4
11
Epitaph for Joseph Blacket, late Poet and Shoemaker. First published, Lord Byron's Works, 1832, ix. 10
11
On Moore's Last Operatic Farce, or Farcical Opera. First published, Letters and Journals, 1830, i. 295 (note)
12
[R. C. Dallas.] First published, Life, Writings, Opinions, etc., 1825, ii. 192
12
An Ode to the Framers of the Frame Bill. First published, Morning Chronicle, March 2, 1812
13
To the Honble. Mrs. George Lamb. First published, The Two Duchesses, by Vere Foster, 1898, p. 374
15
15
To Thomas Moore. Written the Evening before his Visit to Mr. Leigh Hunt in Horsemonger Lane Gaol, May 19, 1813. First published, Letters and Journals, 1830, i. 401
16
On Lord Thurlow's Poems. First published, Letters and Journals, 1830, i. 396
17
To Lord Thurlow. First published, Letters and Journals, 1830, i. 397
19
The Devil's Drive. First published (stanzas 1–5, 8, 10–12, 17, 18), Letters and Journals, 1830, i. 471–474; and (stanzas 6, 7, 9, 13–16, 19–27) from a MS. in the possession of the Earl of Ilchester
21
Windsor Poetics. First published, Poetical Works, Paris, 1819, vi. 125
35
[Another Version.] On a Royal Visit to the Vaults. From an autograph MS. in the possession of the Hon. Mrs. Norbury, now for the first time printed
36
Ich Dien. From an autograph MS. in the possession of Mr. A. H. Hallam Murray, now for the first time printed
36
Condolatory Address, To Sarah Countess of Jersey. First published, The Champion, July 31, 1814
37
Fragment of an Epistle to Thomas Moore. First published, Letters and Journals, 1830, i. 561, 562 (note)
39
40
On Napoleon's Escape from Elba. First published, Letters and Journals, 1830, i. 611
41
Endorsement to the Deed of Separation, in the April of 1816. First published, Poetical Works, 1831, vi. 454
41
[To George Anson Byron (?).] First published, Nicnac, March 25, 1823
41
Song for the Luddites. First published, Letters and Journals, 1830, ii. 58
42
To Thomas Moore ("What are you doing now?"). First published, Letters and Journals, 1830, ii. 58, 59
43
To Mr. Murray ("To hook the Reader," etc.). First published, Letters and Journals, 1830, ii. 91
44
Versicles. First published, Letters and Journals, 1830, ii. 87
45
Quem Deus vult perdere prius dementat. First published, Letters, 1900, iv. 93
45
To Thomas Moore ("My boat is on the shore"). First published, The Traveller, January 8, 1821
46
Epistle from Mr. Murray to Dr. Polidori. First published, Letters and Journals, 1830, ii. 139–141
47
Epistle to Mr. Murray. First published (stanzas 1, 2, 4, 7–9), Letters and Journals, 1830, ii. 156, 157; and (stanzas 3, 5, 6, 10, 11) Letters, 1900, iv. 191–193
51
On the Birth of John William Rizzo Hoppner. First published, Letters and Journals, 1830, ii. 134
54
55
To Mr. Murray. First published, Letters and Journals, 1830, ii. 171
56
Ballad. To the Tune of "Sally in our Alley." MS. M.
58
61
Epigram. From the French of Rulhiéres. First published, Letters and Journals, 1830, ii. 235
62
Epilogue. First published, Paradies, etc., collected ... by Walter Hamilton, 1888, p. 105
63
On my Wedding-Day. First published, Letters and Journals, 1830, ii. 294
64
Epitaph for William Pitt. First published, Letters and Journals, 1830, ii. 295
64
Epigram ("In digging up your bones, Tom Paine"). First published, Letters and Journals, 1830, ii. 295
65
Epitaph ("Posterity will ne'er survey"). First published, Lord Byron's Works, 1833, xvii. 246
65
Epigram ("The world is a bundle of hay"). First published, Letters and Journals, 1830, ii. 494
65
My Boy Hobbie O. First published, Murray's Magazine, March, 1887, vol. i. pp. 292, 293
66
Lines, Addressed by Lord Byron to Mr. Hobhouse on his Election for Westminster. First published, Miscellaneous Poems, 1824
69
A Volume of Nonsense. First published, Letters, 1900, v. 83
70
Stanzas. First published, Letters and Journals, 1830, ii. 377
70
To Penelope. First published, Medwin's Conversations, 1824, p. 106
71
The Charity Ball. First published, Letters and Journals, 1830, ii. 540
71
Epigram, On the Braziers' Address, etc. First published, Letters and Journals, 1830, ii. 442
72
On my Thirty-third Birthday. First published, Letters and Journals, 1830, ii. 414
73
Martial, Lib. I. Epig. I. First published, Lord Byron's Works, 1833, xvii. 245
74
Bowles and Campbell. First published, The Liberal, 1823, No. II. p. 398
74
Elegy. First published, Medwin's Conversations, 1824, p. 121
75
John Keats. First published, Letters and Journals, 1830, ii. 506
76
From the French ("Ægle, beauty and poet," etc.). First published, The Liberal, 1823, No. II. p. 396
76
To Mr. Murray ("For Orford," etc.). First published, Letters and Journals, 1830, ii. 517
76
[Napoleon's Snuff-box.] First published, Conversations of Lord Byron, 1824, p. 235
77
The New Vicar of Bray. First published, Works (Galignani), 1831, p. 116
78
81
Epigrams. First published, The Liberal, No. I. October 18, 1822, p. 164
81
The Conquest. First published, Lord Byron's Works, 1833, xvii. 246
82
Impromptu ("Beneath Blessington's eyes"). First published, Letters and Journals, 1830, ii. 635
82
Journal in Cephalonia. First published, Letters, 1901, vi. 238
83
83
[Love and Death.] First published, Murray's Magazine, February, 1887, vol. i. pp. 145, 146
84
Last Words on Greece. First published, Murray's Magazine, February, 1887, vol. i. p. 146
85
On this Day I complete my Thirty-sixth Year. First published, Morning Chronicle, October 29, 1824
86
 
A Bibliography of the Successive Editions and Translations of Lord Byron's Poetical Works
89
 
Notes
 Note (1).—On Genuine and Spurious Issues of English Bards, and Scotch Reviewers
305
 Note (2).—Correspondence between the First Edition as numbered and the Present Issue as numbered
307
 Note (3).—The Annotated Copies of the Fourth Edition of 1811
310
Appendix to Bibliography
314
Contents of Bibliography
317
Summary of Bibliography
319
Index
349
Index to First Lines
449


LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.

1.
The Countess of Lovelace, from the Portrait by Mrs. Carpenter
Frontispiece
2.
Mrs. Pigott's House, Southwell
To face p. xx
3.
Mrs. Birdmere's House, Southwell
„  „   2
4.
Sir George Sinclair, Bart., after the Portrait by Sir Henry Raeburn
„  „  16
5.
Annesley Hall
„  „  38
6.
Diadem Hill (Annesley Park), where Lord Byron parted from Mary Chaworth
„  „ 304
7.
The Brig o' Balgownie
„  „ 318
8.
The Prison called Tasso's Cell, in the Hospital of Sant' Anna, at Ferrara
„  „ 348
9.
The Armenian Convent at Venice, from a Photograph by Mr. Rupert Oswald Smith
„  „ 448


Works of Lord Byron Poetry Volume 7 facing page xx.jpg

MRS. PIGOTT'S HOUSE, SOUTHWELL.