The World Factbook (1982)/St. Vincent and the Grenadines

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The World Factbook (1982)
by the Central Intelligence Agency
St. Vincent and the Grenadines


World Factbook (1982) St. Vincent and the Grenadines.jpg
(See reference map III)


389 km2 (including northern Grenadines); 50% arable, 3% pasture, 44% forest, 3% wasteland and built on


Limits of territorial waters (claimed): 3 nm (fishing 12 nm)

Coastline: 84 km


Population: 121,000 (July 1982), average annual growth rate 2.9%

Nationality: noun—St. Vincentian(s) or Vincentian(s); adjectives—St. Vincentian or Vincentian

Ethnic divisions: mainly of African Negro descent; remainder mixed with some white and East Indian and Carib Indian

Religion: Church of England, Methodist, Roman Catholic

Language: English, some French patois

Literacy: about 80%

Labor force: 61,000 (1979 est.); about 20% unemployed (1978)

Organized labor: 10% of labor force


Official name: St. Vincent and the Grenadines

Type: independent state within Commonwealth as of 27 October 1979

Capital: Kingstown

Legal system: based on English common law; constitution of 1960; highest judicial body is Court of Appeal of Leeward and Windward Islands

Government leaders: Prime Minister R. Milton CATO; Governor General (UK) Sir Sydney GUNN-MUNRO

Suffrage: universal adult suffrage (18 years old and over)

Elections: every five years; most recent 5 December 1979

Political parties and leaders: People's Political Party (PPP), Ebenezer Joshua; St. Vincent Labor Party (LP), R. Milton Cato; People's Democratic Party, Parnell Campbell and Kenneth John; United People's Movement (UPM), Ralph Gonsalves and Renwick Rose; Progressive Democratic Party (PDP), Randolph Russell; New Democratic Party (NDP), James "Son" Mitchell

Voting strength (1979 election): LP 11 seats, NDP 2 seats in the legislature

Member of: CARICOM


GNP: $47 million (1980 est.), $440 per capita; 1% real economic growth in 1980

Agriculture: main crop—bananas

Major industries: food processing

Electric power: 6,500 kW capacity (1981); 20 million kWh produced (1981), 168 kWh per capita

Exports: $17 million (f.o.b., 1980 est.); bananas, arrowroot, copra

Imports: $57 million (c.i.f., 1980 est.); foodstuffs, machinery and equipment, chemicals and fertilizers, minerals and fuels

Major trade partners: exports—61% UK, 30% CARICOM, 9% US; imports—29% CARICOM, 28% UK, 9% Canada, 9% US (1972)

Aid: economic—bilateral economic commitments, ODA and OOF (1970-79), from Western (non-US) countries, $23.0 million; no military aid

Budget: (1980/81 est.) revenues, $18 million; expenditures, $29 million

Monetary conversion rate: 2.70 East Caribbean dollars=US$1


Railroads: none

Highways: 600 km total; 300 km paved; 150 km otherwise improved; 150 km unimproved earth

Ports: 1 major (Kingstown), 1 minor

Civil air: no major transport aircraft

Airfields: 5 total, 5 usable; 3 with permanent-surface runways, 1 with runways 1,220-2,439 m

Telecommunications: islandwide fully automatic telephone system with 5,300 sets (5.3 per 100 popl.); VHF/UHF interisland links to Barbados and the Grenadines; 2 AM stations