Tracts for the Times/Tract 8
Any one is at liberty to reprint these Tracts, with such alterations as approve themselves to his judgment.
THE GOSPEL A LAW OF LIBERTY
It is a matter of surprise to some persons that the ecclesiastical system under which we find ourselves, is so faintly enjoined on us in Scripture. One very sufficient explanation of the fact will be found in considering that the Bible is not intended to teach us matters of discipline so much as matters of faith; i.e. those doctrines, the reception of which are necessary to salvation. But another reason may be suggested, which is well worth our attentive consideration.
The Gospel is a Law of Liberty. We are treated as sons, not as servants; not subjected to a code of formal commands, but addressed as those who love God, and wish to please Him. When a man gives orders to those who he thinks will mistake him, or are perverse, he speaks pointedly and explicitly; but when he gives directions to friends, he will trust much to their knowledse of his feelings and wishes, he leaves much to their discretion, and tells them not so much what he would have done in detail, as what are the objects he would have accomplished. Now this is the way Christ has spoken to us under the New Covenant; and apparently with this reason, to try us, whether or not we really love Him as our Lord and Saviour.
Accordingly, there is no part perhaps of the ecclesiastical system, which is not faintly traced in Scripture, and no part which is much more than faintly traced. The question which a reverend and affectionate faith will ask, is, "what is most likely to please Christ?" And this is just the question that obtains an answer in Scripture; which contains just so much as intimations of what is most likely to please Him. Of course different minds will differ as to the degree of clearness with which this or that practice is enjoined, yet I think no one will consider the state of the case, as I have put it, exaggerated on the whole.
Many duties are intimated to us by example, not by precept—many are implied merely—others can only be inferred from a comparison of passages—and others perhaps are contained only in the Jewish Law. I will mention some specimens to assist the reflection of the reader.
The early Christians were remarkable for keeping to the Apostles' fellowship. Who are more likely to stand in the Apostles' place since their death, than that line of Bishops which they themselves began? for that the Apostles were in some sense or other to remain on earth to the end of all things, is plain from the text, "Lo, I am with you," &c.
St. Paul set Timothy over the Church at Ephesus, and Titus over the Churches of Crete; i.e. as Bishops; therefore it is safer to have Bishops now, it is more likely to be pleasing to Him who has loved us, and bids us in turn love Him with the heart, not with formal service.
Our Lord committed the Administration of the Lord's Supper to His Apostles; "Do this in remembrance of Me"—therefore the Church has ever continued it in the hands of their Successors, and the delegates of these. On the other hand the command to baptize was given in the presence of the Disciples, and so indirectly to them; and therefore the Church has allowed lay-baptism, in cases where an ordained Minister could not be obtained.
From Christ's words, "Suffer the litte children," &c. and from His blessing them, we infer His desire that children should be brought near to Him in baptism;—as we do also from St Paul's conduct on several occasions. Acts xvi. 15, 33. 1 Cor. i. 16.
So also we continue the practice of Confirmation, from a desire io keep as near the Apostles' rule as possible.
Again, what little is there of express command in the New Testament for our meeting together in public worship! Yet we see what the custom of the Apostolic Church was from the book of Acts, 1 Cor. &c.
In like manner, the words in Genesis ii. and the practice of the Apostles in the Acts, are quite warrant enough for the Sanctification of the Lord's Day, even though the 4th Commandment were not binding on us.
For the same reason we continue the Patriarchal and Jewish rule of paying tithe to the Church. Some portion of our goods is evidently due to God;—and the ancient Divine Command is a direction to us in a case when reason and conscience have no means of determining.
These may be taken as illustrations of a general principle. And at this day it is most needful to keep it in view, since a cold spirit has crept into the Church of demanding rigid demonstration for every religious practice and observance. It is the fashion now to speak of those who maintain the ancient rules of the ecclesiastical system, not as zealous servants of Christ, not as wise and practical expounders of His will, but as inconclusive reasoners, and fanciful theorists, merely because, instead of standing still and arguing, they have a heart to obey. Are there not numbers in this day, who think themselves enlightened believers, yet who are but acting the part of the husbandman's son in the Gospel, who said, "I go, sir"—and went not?
Surely, before the blessing of a Millenium is vouchsafed to us, the whole Christian world has much to confess in its several branches. Rome has to confess her Papal corruptions, and her cruelty towards those who refuse to accept them. The Christian communities of Holland, Scotland, and other countries, their neglect of the Apostolical Order of Ministers. The Greek Church has to confess its saint-worship, its formal fasts, and its want of zeal. The Churches of Asia their heresy. All parts of Christendom have much to confess and reform. We have our sins as well as the rest. O that we would take the lead in the regeneration of the Church Catholic on Scripture principles.
Our greatest sin perhaps is the disuse of "a godly discipline." Let the reader consider
1. The command.
"Put away from yourselves the wicked person." "A man, that is a heretic, after the first and second admonition reject." "Mark them which cause divisions and offences, … and avoid them."
2. The example, viz. in the Primitive Church.
"The Persons or Objects of Ecclesiastical Censure were all such delinquents, as fell into great and scandalous crimes after baptism, whether men or women, priests or people, rich or poor, princes or subjects." Bing. Antiqu. xvi.3.
3. The warning.
"Whosoever … shall break one of these least commandments and shall teach men so, he shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven."
KING, PRINTER, ST. CLEMENT'S, OXFORD.