Translation:Mishnah/Seder Zeraim/Tractate Peah/Chapter 3
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- For quadrangular frames of grain that are between olive trees,
- The school of Shammai says, “A corner from each and every one.”
- The school of Hillel says, “Give one from all of it.”
- And they acknowledge that if the main rows are mixed together,
- One gives a corner from one over all of them.
- If one cuts his field and leaves over living stalks,
- R’ Akiva says, “Give a corner for each one.”
- And the Sages say, “Give one corner for them all.”
- And the Sages acknowledge R’ Akiva that,
- For one who sows dill or mustard in three places,
- He gives a corner from each and every one.
- One that separates onions to take the ripe ones to the market,
- While maintaining the dry ones in the granary,
- He gives a corner for each respective one.
- And thus it is for beans, and thus it is for a vineyard.
- One who thins out the field gives from the remainder that is left over,
- And one who separates from one particular area gives of the remnant for the whole.
- The mother seeds of onions are obligated in the law of the corner,
- And R’ Yosi exempts this.
- For the quadrangular beds of onions that are between other vegetables,
- R’ Yosi says, “The corner must be taken from each and every one.”
- And the Sages say, “From one covers all of them.”
- When brothers divide what was given to them, they give two corners.
- If they revisit their partnership, they give one corner.
- Two that take some trees, give one corner.
- If this one takes the north, and that one takes the south,
- This one gives a corner for him, and that one gives a corner for him.
- If one sells a tree in his field, he must give a corner for each and every one.
- R’ Yehuda said, “When is this?
- In a time when nothing is left over for the field owner,
- But if something is left over for the field owner,
- He gives a corner for the whole.”
- R’ Eliezer says, “One fourth the ground is obligated to give a corner.”
- R’ Yehoshua says, “If he made two Seah.”
- R’ Tarfon says, “Six by six handbreadths”.
- R’ Yehuda ben B’saira says, “In order to harvest and repeat.”
- And the law is as he spoke.
- R’ Akiva says, “All the ground is obligated to give a corner,
- And the first fruits,
- And a Prozbul may be written for it,
- And they can buy property with it that has no warranty
- With money, credit, or acquisition.
- If a dying man writes of his property, if he has ground left over, his gift is a gift.
- If he has no ground left over, his gift is not a gift.
- If he writes his property to his children, and writes to his wife anything of the ground that he has,
- She has lost her marriage contract.
- R’ Yosi says, “If she receives it, even though it wasn’t written to her,
- She loses her marriage contract.”
- If one writes property to his slave, he goes out a freeman.
- If any of his ground remains, he does not go out as a freeman.
- R’ Shimon says, “He always is a freeman unless he says:
- ‘Indeed, all my property is given to so-and-so, my slave, outside of one multitude of them.’”