Translation:Shulchan Aruch/Orach Chaim/318

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14 It is permitted to place a container of water, or another liquid, by a fire in order to remove its chill, as long as it is far enough from the fire that the liquid cannot become so hot in that place that a person's hand recoils, which is a place where a baby's stomach would be scalded there. However, it is prohibited to place it so close that it can be heated to a point that the liquid is so hot a person's hand would recoil. Even to place it there for a short time is prohibited, because it can cook there. Gloss: And so too fruits and other things that are eaten raw, and see above Chapter 254.

15 Something which is fully cooked and dry, such that it has no liquid, it is permitted to place it next to the fire, even in a place from which the hand recoils (from the heat) Gloss: Even if it has already cooled. But if it is still hot, even something with liquid is permitted. And there are those who are lenient to say that anything which is not placed on the fire or oven itself, but next to them is permitted even cold. The custom is to rely on this leniency if the food has not completely cooled, as I wrote in Chapter 253

16 It is permitted to place a fatty meat pie by a fire in a place where one's hand recoils even though the fat which has congealed in it will remelt. Gloss: All the more so, a pot which contains solidified sauce/gravy that when the fat melts it is not recognizable, that it is permitted. And there are those who are strict, and the custom is to be strict. However, in a place of need one can rely on the first opinion.

17 It is prohibited to place a cold thing on the urn even to warm slightly if the urn is hot enough that if the cold thing were left there for a long while, it would become cooked, which is so hot the hand recoils from it, because the law of placing on an urn is like the law of placing by a fire. And if it is not so hot, it is permitted.

18 A frying pan or pot that are removed boiling from the fire, if their contents are not fully cooked, one may not remove from them with a spoon because he will be stirring, and there is because of cooking. And if it is completely cooked, it is permitted, except for wool in a vat, which even though it appears to be dyed, one may not stir it Gloss: Ideally one should be concerned for a pot in all circumstances

19 It is prohibited to spread oil and garlic on something roasting while it is still by the fire, even if the roasting thing was roasted before Shabbat, because in any case the oil and garlic are cooked thereby.