Portal:Language and literature

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Language and Literature
Class
P
Shortcut:
P:LANG
P:LIT
Top level portal for Class P: Language and literature.

Subclass P: Philology and linguistics

Photograph of The Grammarian, 15th century marble panel

Philology and linguistics are the study of a language's grammar, history and literary tradition; and the scientific study of human language.

Includes: A History of Sanskrit Literature (1900) by Arthur Anthony MacdonellGraiméar na Gaedhilge (1906) • Gesenius' Hebrew Grammar (1909) by Wilhelm Gesenius

Subclass PA: Greek language and literature

Greek literature

Greek language and literature covers all works in or about the Greek language. It has the longest documented history of any Indo-European language, spanning 34 centuries of written records.

Child portals: Ancient Greek drama

Subclass PAA: Latin language and literature

Latin literature

Latin language and literature covers all works in or about the Latin language. Although it is considered a dead language, a number of scholars and members of the Christian clergy speak it fluently, and many schools and universities continue to teach it.

Subclass PB: Modern languages

Modern languages are languages that are currently in use for day-to-day communication, as opposed to "dead" languages such as Latin, Sanskrit and Classical Chinese.

Subclass PBA: Celtic languages

Welsh literature

Celtic languages covers all works in or about Celtic languages, such as Gaelic, Welsh and Gaulish. Celtic languages are most commonly spoken on the north-western edge of Europe.

Subclass PC: Romanic languages

Romance language map

Romanic languages covers all works about the Romanic languages (also known as the Romance, Latin, Neolatin or Neo-Latin languages), such as Italian, French and Spanish.

Subclass PD: Germanic languages

Germanic language map

Germanic languages covers all works about the Germanic languages, such as German, Gothic, Vandalic and Burgundian.

Subclass PDA: Scandinavian languages

Old runic Scandinavian

Scandinavian languages covers all works about Scandinavian languages, also known as North Germanic languages, such as Danish, Swedish, Norwegian and Old Norse.

Subclass PE: English language

English language map

English language covers all about the English language. Originating in the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms of England, it has become the world's major trade language and the third most natively spoken language in the world, after Mandarin Chinese and Spanish.

Subclass PF: West Germanic languages

West Germanic languages covers all works about West Germanic languages, such as Dutch, Flemish, Friesian and Yiddish.

Subclass PG: Slavic languages and literatures

Slavic language map

Slavic languages and literatures overs all works in or about the Slavic languages, such as Russian, Polish and Bulgarian.

Child portal: Russian literature

Subclass PGA: Baltic languages

Baltic language map

Baltic languages are mainly spoken in the areas extending east and south-east of the Baltic Sea in Northern Europe; such as Latvian, Lithuanian and Old Prussian.

Subclass PGB: Albanian languages

The Albanian language is an Indo-European language in a branch by itself (a "language isolate") spoken primarily in Albania, Kosovo and some other parts of the Balkans.

Subclass PH: Uralic languages and literature

Uralic language map

Uralic languages and literature covers all works in or about the Uralic languages, such as Hungarian, Finnish, and Estonian.

Subclass PHA: Basque language

Basque literature

Basque language is the language of the Basque Country, spanning parts of France and Spain.

Includes: Gabriel's Message, by an anonymous author & translated by Sabine Baring-Gould

Subclass PJ: Oriental languages and literature

Oriental language map

Oriental languages and literature covers all works in or about the Oriental languages, sometimes called Afroasiatic languages, such as Amharic, Arabic, Hebrew and Sumerian.

Child portals: Amharic literatureArabic literatureIslamic poetryIsraeli poetry

Subclass PK: Indo-Iranian languages and literature

Persian text

Indo-Iranian languages and literature covers all works in or about the Indo-Iranian languages, sometimes called the Aryan languages, such as Persian, Sanskrit, Hindi and Georgian.

Child portal: Sanskrit

Subclass PL: Languages and literatures of Eastern Asia

Chinese literature

Languages and literatures of Eastern Asia covers all works in or about the languages of Eastern Asia, such as Chinese, Japanese and Korean.

Child portals: Chinese classicsChinese literatureDravidian languages and literature

Subclass PLA: Languages and literatures of Africa

Language map of Africa

Languages and literatures of Africa covers all works in or about the languages of Sub-Saharan Africa; such as Swahili, Songhay and Yoruba.

Subclass PLB: Languages and literatures of Oceania

Austronesian language map

Languages and literatures of Oceania covers all works in or about the Austronesian languages, the languages of the South Pacific, such as Javanese, Tagalog and Malay.

Child portals: Speeches by Philippine Presidents (Inaugural Speeches by Philippine PresidentsState of the Nation Speeches by Philippine Presidents)

Subclass PM: Hyperborean languages

Hyperborean languages covers all works in or about the languages of the Arctic Circle, such as Inuit, Yupik and Aleut languages.

Subclass PMA: Indian languages

Indian languages covers all works in or about the indigenous languages of the Americas; such as Iroquoian, Navajo and Quechua.

Subclass PMB: Artificial languages

Esperanto literature

Artificial languages covers languages that have been consciously devised by an individual or group, instead of having evolved naturally, such as Esperanto and Volapük.

Subclass PN: General literature

Old book bindings

General literature covers fiction and non-fiction, prose and verse, including genre and form; as well as oration, quotation and analysis.

Genres: AdventureChristian fictionCowboysFantasyHorror (Cthulhu MythosGhost storiesGothic fiction) • HumourMysteryRomanceScience fiction (Apocalyptic fiction) • Thriller

Verse: PoetryAncient poetryChristian poetryEnlightenment poetryLimericksLove poetryMedieval poetryModern poetryRenaissance poetryRomantic poetryWar poetry

Drama: DramaAncient Greek dramaElizabethan dramaOperasPlaysScripts

Speeches: OrationPublic addressesSpeechesEarly modern speechesModern speeches

Correspondence: LettersDeath threatsResignationsSuicide notes

Children: Children's literature (Stratemeyer Syndicate) • Children's poetry

Study of literature: Literary criticismLiterary history

Other: ComicsJournalsModern fictionNobel Prize in LiteratureNon-fiction (Modern non-fiction) • Quotations

Subclass PQ: Romanic literature

Romanic literature covers works in the Romanic languages, also known as the Romance, Latin, Neolatin or Neo-Latin languages; such as Italian, French and Spanish.

Child portals: French literatureItalian literaturePortuguese literatureSpanish literature

Subclass PR: English literature

Portriat of William Shakespeare

English literature covers works in the English language, regardless of country of origin.

Child portals: Australian literatureAustralian poetryThe Bickerstaff-Partridge PapersCanadian poetryEnglish dramaExeter BookPoets Laureate of the United KingdomSpeeches by British Prime Ministers

Subclass PS: American literature

Portrait of Mark Twain

American literature covers works from the United States of America.

Child portals: The Charles Henry Gauss Family PapersSpeeches by United States Presidents (Inaugural Speeches by United States PresidentsState of the Union Speeches by United States Presidents) • United States Poets Laureate

Subclass PT: Germanic literature

Portrait of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

Germanic literature covers works in the Germanic languages, such as German, Dutch, and the Scandinavian languages.

Child portals: Danish literatureDutch literatureGerman literature (The Sorrows of Young Werther) • Old Norse literature

Subclass PZ: Fiction and juvenile belles lettres

Fiction and juvenile belles lettres in its modern sense, covers literary works that do not fall into other major categories.

Child portals: Children's fairy talesDisneyMiscellaneous materialNursery rhymes

External resources

External links