A Field Book of the Stars/Auriga
AURIGA (a-ri'-ga)—THE CHARIOTEER. (Face Northwest.)
Location.—A line drawn from (δ) to (α) Ursæ Majoris, and prolonged about 45 degrees, ends near the bright Capella, in Auriga, a star of the first magnitude, and one of the most brilliant in the heavens. It is unmistakable, having no rival in brightness near it. Auriga is a beautiful and conspicuous constellation. It is characterized by a clearly defined pentagon. Note the three fourth-magnitude stars near Capella known as "The Kids." The star (β) is common to Auriga and Taurus, being the former's right foot and the latter's northern horn. The field within the pentagon is particularly rich in clusters. Capella forms a rude square with Polaris, (ε) Cassiopeiæ, and (ο) Ursæ Majoris, and forms an equilateral triangle with Betelgeuze in Orion, and the Pleiades in Taurus.
A line from (θ) to (ο) Aurigæ prolonged about 20° ends near (α) Persei,
The solstitial colure passes 2 degrees east of (β).
Capella is visible at some hour of every clear night throughout the year.