Constitution of India

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Constitution of India  (1949) 
the Parliament of India
Preamble

Constitution of the Republic of India. It was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on November 26, 1949, and came into effect on January 26, 1950. India celebrates January 26 each year as Republic Day.

It is the longest written constitution of any independent nation in the world, containing 448 articles and 12 schedules for a total of 146,385 words in its English language version.

Parts:

I, II, III, IV, IVA, V, VI, VII, VIII, IX, IXA, IXB,X, XI, XII, XIII, XIV, XIVA, XV, XVI, XVII, XVIII, XIX, XX, XXI, XXII

WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC[1] and to secure to all its citizens:

JUSTICE, social, economic and political;

LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship;

EQUALITY of status and of opportunity; and to promote among them all FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the [2]unity and integrity of the Nation;

IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY this twenty-sixth day of November, 1949, do HEREBY ADOPT, ENACT AND GIVE TO OURSELVES THIS CONSTITUTION.

  1. Substituted by section 2 of Constitution (42nd Amendment) Act, 1976 for "SOVEREIGN DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC" with "SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC" with effect from 3 Jan 1977.
  2. Substituted by section 2 of Constitution (42nd Amendment) Act, 1976 for "unity of the Nation" with "unity and integrity of the Nation" with effect from 3 Jan 1977.