History of West Australia

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A Narrative of her Past.






It would be curious indeed if inaccuracies are not found in the following narrative—the first yet published on Western Australia. At the same time, much care and nearly two years of labour have been devoted to its compilation, and every effort has been put forth to make it thoroughly correct and representative. Many obstacles, often insuperable, have been confronted. Only slight comment has been indulged in, the chief object being, while presenting a readable work to trace the growth of industries, to describe the peculiar circumstances which at first retarded general expansion, and to supply a record of Western Australian annals. From such points of view the reader is asked to form his judgment. A few letter-press inaccuracies, due to necessarily hurried revision, will be discovered in the first five or six chapters. The narrative is carried up to May, 1897; but for obvious reasons, mining statistics subsequent to that month have been included. Special thanks for assistance are tendered to the Government of Western Australia, to permanent heads of departments—such as Messrs. O. Burt, R. C. Clifton, J. B. Roe, H. Johnston, M. A. C. Fraser, R. Pether and H. C. Prinsep—to several early settlers, and to the Hon. R. S. Haynes, M.L.C.; Messrs. Edward Shenton, F. C. Broadhurst, W. M. Parker, and Thos. Burmingham. Two articles on the goldfields, by experienced men, are appended.

Part II. contains the biographies of the chief men of the colony, a feature of this production which should prove of general interest. Engaged on this section of the work have been J. M. Mackay, F. F. Macalpine, M.A., S. H. Whittaker, and other special writers.


History PAGE
 Chapter I.—The Discovery of Australia 5
 Chapter II.—The Discovery of Australia (Continued) 11
 Chapter III.—The Aborigines 19
 Chapter IV.—Western Australia Annexed 30
 Chapter V.—Foundation of the Colony 36
 Chapter VI.—Perth and Fremantle Founded, and Progress in 1830 43
 Chapter VII.—Incidents and Progress in 1830 52
 Chapter VIII.—Exploration; Social Condition; Abolition of Land Grant Scheme 62
 Chapter IX.—Famine Prices and Progressive Incidents; 1832 75
 Chapter X.—Native Strife and Progressive Incidents; 1833 81
 Chapter XI.—Condition of Settlement, Agitation and Native Troubles; 1834–5 90
 Chapter XII.—Animation in Pastoral Pursuits; Occurrences from 1836 to 1838 101
 Chapter XIII.—Land Laws; Exploration; Australind Settlement; 1839–42 111
 Chapter XIV.—Depression; Birth of Industries; Convict Agitation 1843–1848 130
 Chapter XV.—A Penal Settlement; 1849–1853 152
 Chapter XVI.—The Convict System; 1854–1860 168
 Chapter XVII.—Transportation Ceases; North-West; An Election: 1861–1868 192
 Chapter XVIII.—Representative Government; Exploration: 1869–1878 222
 Chapter XIX.—Public Works; Constitutional Agitation; Gold Discoveries; 1879–1888 259
 Chapter XX.—Responsible Government: 1889–1892 293
 Chapter XXI.—The Goldfields; 1893–1897 311
Appendix I. 341
Appendix II. 349
 Alexander, William, M.L.C. 23
 Backhouse, Frank Herbert M.A.I.M.E., M.N.E.I.M.M.E. 99
 Barnett, Dr. Henry Calvert J.P., M.I.F.M.E., M.E. 88
 Bissenberger, Captain Frank 128
 Briggs, Henry J.P., M.L.C. 46
 Brimage, Thomas Frederick 208
 Broadhurst, Florance C. 97
 Bush, Robert Edwin J.P., ex-M.L.C. 94
 Chewings, Dr. Charles PH.D.,F.R.G.S., F.G.S., M.D.G.G., M.I.M., M.E. 125
 Clare, William Edward J.P., ex-M.L.C. 162
 Cohn, Isidore James Knight J.P., 113
 Congdon, Daniel Keen J.P., M.L.C. 28
 Connor, Francis M.L.A. 172
 Craig, Frank J.P. 222
 Crossland, Charles J.P. 228
 Cumbrae-Stewart, Charles Robert 167
 Cutbush, Charles 213
 Davies, Edward William ex-M.L.C. 61
 Davies, John 75
 De Baun, John 191
 Deeley, Charles Ernest 109
 Dempster, Charles Edward J.P., M.L.A. 228
 Doherty, Dennis Joseph M.L.C. 228
 Doolette, Dorham Longford 192
 Duff, The Rev. Father 79
 Dunn, John George F.R.G.S. 106
 Edgar, John, J.P. 85
 Ewing, Norman Kirkwood, M.L.A. 171
 Fairbairn, Robert, P.M. 72
 Fearby, George Rowland, M.E. 136
 Ferguson, John Maxwell 74
 Fimister, John William 212
 Finnerty, John Michael, R.M. 139
 Forrest, Sir John, K.C.M.G., F.R.G.S., F.G.S. 1
 Gale, William Hepburn, J.P. 169
 Gibney, The Most Rev. Matthew, D.D. 38
 Glyde, George, J.P., ex-M.L.C. 63
 Göczel, Stephen L., M.E. 220
 Goodsir, David James Cook, J.P. 188
 Grant, Mackenzie, J.P. 211
 Grave, James 201
 Gregory, Henry, J.P., M.L.A. 179
 Griffith, William, F.R.G.S., F.G.S., M.F.I.M.E. 150
 Hackett, John Winthrop, M.A., J.P., M.L.C. 21
 Hair, Robert Lees 147
 Hall, Lyall, M.L.A. 225
 Hardwick, Thomas Wall 142
 Harney, Edward Augustine St. Aubyn 185
 Harper, Charles, M.L.A. 52
 Haynes, Richard Septimus, M.L.C. 18
 Henning, Andrew Harriott, M.L.C. 168
 Hewer, George 226
 Hills, John Charles 229
 Holmes, Joseph John, M.L.A. 197
 Holmes, William Johnston, J.P. 196
 Hooley, Edward Timothy, J.P., M.L.A. 24
 Hope, Dr. James William, J.P., F.R.C.P. 210
 Horgan, W. 104
 Humble, George Bland 127
 Hurst, Councillor John (Perth) 189
 Illingworth, Frederick, M.L.A. 58
 James, John Charles Horsey, B.A. OXON., P.M. 153
 James, Walter, M.L.A. 54
 Keane, Edward Vivian Harvey, J.P., ex-M.L.A. 133
 Kenny, Dr. Daniel, L.R.C.S., L.K.Q.C.P.I. 190
 Kingsmill, Walter, J.P., M.L.A. 200
 Lacey, Edmund Gilyard 105
 Leake, George, M.L.A. 154
 Lee, Councillor Alfred Frederick (Perth) 231
 Lee-Steere, Hon. Sir James G., K.B. 33
 Lefroy, Henry Bruce, J.P., M.L.A. 31
 Lefroy, Hon. Anthony O'Grady, C.M.G. 66
 Lindsay, David, F.R.G.S., M.S.A.J.S. 129
 Locke, Ernest Charles Bavage, M.L.A. 155
 Loton, William Thorley, M.L.A. 50
 Lovegrove, Dr. Thomas Henry, J.P., M.R.C.S. ENG. 87
 Lovely, William Harvey Chapman, M.A.I.M.E., M.I.M.M.E. 118
 Lyon, Charles Gordon, J.P. 230
 Macdonald, Albert Watt, J.P. 119
 Mackay, Donald McDonald, M.L.C. 44
 Mackenzie, Alfred 143
 Mannheim, Ernest Arthur, M.E. 146
 Marmion, late Hon. William Edward, M.L.A. 204
 Mason, Clayton Turner, J.P., M. INST. C.E. 203
 Menzie, Leslie Robert 217
 Mitchell, Samuel, J.P., M.L.A. 177
 Monger, Frederick Charles, M.L.A. 30
 Moore, John Fairbourne 138
 Moore, William Dalgety, ex-M.L.C. 83
 Moorhead, Frederick William B.A., LL.B. 82
 Moran, Charles John, M.L.A. 173
 Morgans, Alfred Edward 218
 Mosey, Frederick 166
 Moxon, William Ernest 180
 Mumme, William 100
 McCormack, Harold B. 156
 McDonald, John Ernest 116
 McGillicuddy, Ernest 224
 McKenzie, Robert Donald 198
 McKernan, Hugh, M.L.C. 178
 McLarty, Edward, J.P., M.L.C. 160
 McWilliams, George Frederick, M. B. CH.B. MELB. 96
 Newman, Thomas 144
 Oates, Captain M.L.A. 101
 Oldham, Charles Henry, M.L.A. 226
 Owston, Captain William 68
 O'Connor, Michael, B.A. 176
 Parker, George 207
 Parker, Stephen Henry, Q.C., M.L.C. 16
 Parker, Stephen Stanley, J.P., ex-M.L.C. 65
 Parry, Henry Ernest, J.P., M.I.C.E. 112
 Parsons, Harold George 134
 Paterson, Charles Anthony 195
 Paterson, William, J.P., ex-M.L.C. and M.L.A. 60
 Pearce, Thomas Gilbert 175
 Pennefather, Richard William, B.A., L.L.B., and M.L.A. 202
 Phillips, Colonel George Braithwaite, J.P. 121
 Phillips, Samuel J., J.P., M.L.A. 55
 Piesse, Hon. Frederick Henry, J.P., M.L.A. 14
 Price, Edward Graham 103
 Price, Matthew 234
 Quinlan, Cr. Timothy Francis, J.P., M.L.A. 84
 Randell, George, J.P., M.L.C. 47
 Reid, John, C.E. 216
 Richardson, Hon. Alex. Robert, M.L.A. 8
 Riley, Bishop, D.D. 40
 Roe, Augustus Sandford, J.P. 77
 Roe, James Broun, J.P. 76
 Saunders, Henry John, J.P., M.L.C. 42
 Saw, Councillor Charles Augustus, J.P. 187
 Scheidel, August, PH. D. 122
 Schlam S. B., F.G.S. 209
 Shaw, James, J.P. 193
 Shenton, Ernest Chawner 223
 Shenton, Sir George, K.B., M.L.C. 10
 Sholl, Edward 165
 Sholl, Horatio William, M.L.A. 49
 Sholl, Richard Adolphus, J.P. 184
 Sholl, Robert Frederick, J.P., M.L.A. 20
 Short, John Tregterthen 159
 Simon, Alfred Leon, PH. D. 124
 Simpson, George Thomas, M.L.A. 56
 Sinclair, Walter John Lockyer 152
 Speed, Councillor James Montgomery 206
 Stow, Reginald Marshall 231
 Taylor, John Howard, M.L.C. 148
 Thomas, John 70
 Throssell, Hon. George, J.P., M.L.A. 214
 Tratman, Dr. Frank, J.P., M.D., M.R.C.S., D.P.H., L.R.C.P. ENG. 90
 Trigg, Henry Stirling, F.R.I.V.A. 110
 Vanzetti, Eugenio 141
 Venn, Hon. H. W., J.P., M.L.A. 35
 Vosper, F. C. B., M.L.A., M.A.I.M.E. 181
 Wallace, Frank, J.P., M.L.A. 199
 Waylen, Dr. A. R., M.D., M.R.C.S. ENG., L.S.A., J.P. 62
 Williams, Harry 170
 Wilson, Councillor Frank (Perth) 182
 Wilson, John, J.P. 232
 Wittenoom, Hon. Edward Horne, J.P., M.L.C. 12
 Woodward, Harry Page, J.P., F.G.S., F.R.G.S., F.I. INST. 115


Since Chapter V. was printed information has been received from the Colonial Office, through the instrumentality of the Registrar-General Mr. M. A. C. Fraser, which suggests that the Parmelia first sighted the Western Australian coast on the 1st June, 1829. Captain Fremantle left the Cape of Good Hope in the Challenger for Swan River on 20th March, and on 25th April anchored off Garden Island. On 27th April the Challenger entered Cockburn Sound, and struck on a sunken rock without suffering any ill effects. On 2nd May possession was taken of the west coast of New Holland, the flag being hoisted on the south head of the Swan River, and not on the north head as stated in page 39. Captain Fremantle sighted the Parmelia on 1st June, and on 2nd June that vessel entered the Sound and struck on the Parmelia rock. On 8th June the Sulphur (see page 42) anchored in the Sound and sent some troops to relieve Captain Fremantle's party on the mainland on 17th June. It is to be supposed that Captain Stirling, the Lieutenant-Governor, landed on the south head of the Swan on that or the following day.

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