History of West Australia

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A Narrative of her Past.






It would be curious indeed if inaccuracies are not found in the following narrative—the first yet published on Western Australia. At the same time, much care and nearly two years of labour have been devoted to its compilation, and every effort has been put forth to make it thoroughly correct and representative. Many obstacles, often insuperable, have been confronted. Only slight comment has been indulged in, the chief object being, while presenting a readable work to trace the growth of industries, to describe the peculiar circumstances which at first retarded general expansion, and to supply a record of Western Australian annals. From such points of view the reader is asked to form his judgment. A few letter-press inaccuracies, due to necessarily hurried revision, will be discovered in the first five or six chapters. The narrative is carried up to May, 1897; but for obvious reasons, mining statistics subsequent to that month have been included. Special thanks for assistance are tendered to the Government of Western Australia, to permanent heads of departments—such as Messrs. O. Burt, R. C. Clifton, J. B. Roe, H. Johnston, M. A. C. Fraser, R. Pether and H. C. Prinsep—to several early settlers, and to the Hon. R. S. Haynes, M.L.C.; Messrs. Edward Shenton, F. C. Broadhurst, W. M. Parker, and Thos. Burmingham. Two articles on the goldfields, by experienced men, are appended.

Part II. contains the biographies of the chief men of the colony, a feature of this production which should prove of general interest. Engaged on this section of the work have been J. M. Mackay, F. F. Macalpine, M.A., S. H. Whittaker, and other special writers.


History PAGE
Chapter I.—The Discovery of Australia 5
Chapter II.—The Discovery of Australia (Continued) 11
Chapter III.—The Aborigines 19
Chapter IV.—Western Australia Annexed 30
Chapter V.—Foundation of the Colony 36
Chapter VI.—Perth and Fremantle Founded, and Progress in 1830 43
Chapter VII.—Incidents and Progress in 1830 52
Chapter VIII.—Exploration; Social Condition; Abolition of Land Grant Scheme 62
Chapter IX.—Famine Prices and Progressive Incidents; 1832 75
Chapter X.—Native Strife and Progressive Incidents; 1833 81
Chapter XI.—Condition of Settlement, Agitation and Native Troubles; 1834–5 90
Chapter XII.—Animation in Pastoral Pursuits; Occurrences from 1836 to 1838 101
Chapter XIII.—Land Laws; Exploration; Australind Settlement; 1839–42 111
Chapter XIV.—Depression; Birth of Industries; Convict Agitation 1843–1848 130
Chapter XV.—A Penal Settlement; 1849–1853 152
Chapter XVI.—The Convict System; 1854–1860 168
Chapter XVII.—Transportation Ceases; North-West; An Election: 1861–1868 192
Chapter XVIII.—Representative Government; Exploration: 1869–1878 222
Chapter XIX.—Public Works; Constitutional Agitation; Gold Discoveries; 1879–1888 259
Chapter XX.—Responsible Government: 1889–1892 293
Chapter XXI.—The Goldfields; 1893–1897 311
Appendix I. 341
Appendix II. 349
Alexander, William, M.L.C. 23
Backhouse, Frank Herbert M.A.I.M.E., M.N.E.I.M.M.E. 99
Barnett, Dr. Henry Calvert J.P., M.I.F.M.E., M.E. 88
Bissenberger, Captain Frank 128
Briggs, Henry J.P., M.L.C. 46
Brimage, Thomas Frederick 208
Broadhurst, Florance C. 97
Bush, Robert Edwin J.P., ex-M.L.C. 94
Chewings, Dr. Charles PH.D.,F.R.G.S., F.G.S., M.D.G.G., M.I.M., M.E. 125
Clare, William Edward J.P., ex-M.L.C. 162
Cohn, Isidore James Knight J.P., 113
Congdon, Daniel Keen J.P., M.L.C. 28
Connor, Francis M.L.A. 172
Craig, Frank J.P. 222
Crossland, Charles J.P. 228
Cumbrae-Stewart, Charles Robert 167
Cutbush, Charles 213
Davies, Edward William ex-M.L.C. 61
Davies, John 75
De Baun, John 191
Deeley, Charles Ernest 109
Dempster, Charles Edward J.P., M.L.A. 228
Doherty, Dennis Joseph M.L.C. 228
Doolette, Dorham Longford 192
Duff, The Rev. Father 79
Dunn, John George F.R.G.S. 106
Edgar, John, J.P. 85
Ewing, Norman Kirkwood, M.L.A. 171
Fairbairn, Robert, P.M. 72
Fearby, George Rowland, M.E. 136
Ferguson, John Maxwell 74
Fimister, John William 212
Finnerty, John Michael, R.M. 139
Forrest, Sir John, K.C.M.G., F.R.G.S., F.G.S. 1
Gale, William Hepburn, J.P. 169
Gibney, The Most Rev. Matthew, D.D. 38
Glyde, George, J.P., ex-M.L.C. 63
Göczel, Stephen L., M.E. 220
Goodsir, David James Cook, J.P. 188
Grant, Mackenzie, J.P. 211
Grave, James 201
Gregory, Henry, J.P., M.L.A. 179
Griffith, William, F.R.G.S., F.G.S., M.F.I.M.E. 150
Hackett, John Winthrop, M.A., J.P., M.L.C. 21
Hair, Robert Lees 147
Hall, Lyall, M.L.A. 225
Hardwick, Thomas Wall 142
Harney, Edward Augustine St. Aubyn 185
Harper, Charles, M.L.A. 52
Haynes, Richard Septimus, M.L.C. 18
Henning, Andrew Harriott, M.L.C. 168
Hewer, George 226
Hills, John Charles 229
Holmes, Joseph John, M.L.A. 197
Holmes, William Johnston, J.P. 196
Hooley, Edward Timothy, J.P., M.L.A. 24
Hope, Dr. James William, J.P., F.R.C.P. 210
Horgan, W. 104
Humble, George Bland 127
Hurst, Councillor John (Perth) 189
Illingworth, Frederick, M.L.A. 58
James, John Charles Horsey, B.A. OXON., P.M. 153
James, Walter, M.L.A. 54
Keane, Edward Vivian Harvey, J.P., ex-M.L.A. 133
Kenny, Dr. Daniel, L.R.C.S., L.K.Q.C.P.I. 190
Kingsmill, Walter, J.P., M.L.A. 200
Lacey, Edmund Gilyard 105
Leake, George, M.L.A. 154
Lee, Councillor Alfred Frederick (Perth) 231
Lee-Steere, Hon. Sir James G., K.B. 33
Lefroy, Henry Bruce, J.P., M.L.A. 31
Lefroy, Hon. Anthony O'Grady, C.M.G. 66
Lindsay, David, F.R.G.S., M.S.A.J.S. 129
Locke, Ernest Charles Bavage, M.L.A. 155
Loton, William Thorley, M.L.A. 50
Lovegrove, Dr. Thomas Henry, J.P., M.R.C.S. ENG. 87
Lovely, William Harvey Chapman, M.A.I.M.E., M.I.M.M.E. 118
Lyon, Charles Gordon, J.P. 230
Macdonald, Albert Watt, J.P. 119
Mackay, Donald McDonald, M.L.C. 44
Mackenzie, Alfred 143
Mannheim, Ernest Arthur, M.E. 146
Marmion, late Hon. William Edward, M.L.A. 204
Mason, Clayton Turner, J.P., M. INST. C.E. 203
Menzie, Leslie Robert 217
Mitchell, Samuel, J.P., M.L.A. 177
Monger, Frederick Charles, M.L.A. 30
Moore, John Fairbourne 138
Moore, William Dalgety, ex-M.L.C. 83
Moorhead, Frederick William B.A., LL.B. 82
Moran, Charles John, M.L.A. 173
Morgans, Alfred Edward 218
Mosey, Frederick 166
Moxon, William Ernest 180
Mumme, William 100
McCormack, Harold B. 156
McDonald, John Ernest 116
McGillicuddy, Ernest 224
McKenzie, Robert Donald 198
McKernan, Hugh, M.L.C. 178
McLarty, Edward, J.P., M.L.C. 160
McWilliams, George Frederick, M. B. CH.B. MELB. 96
Newman, Thomas 144
Oates, Captain M.L.A. 101
Oldham, Charles Henry, M.L.A. 226
Owston, Captain William 68
O'Connor, Michael, B.A. 176
Parker, George 207
Parker, Stephen Henry, Q.C., M.L.C. 16
Parker, Stephen Stanley, J.P., ex-M.L.C. 65
Parry, Henry Ernest, J.P., M.I.C.E. 112
Parsons, Harold George 134
Paterson, Charles Anthony 195
Paterson, William, J.P., ex-M.L.C. and M.L.A. 60
Pearce, Thomas Gilbert 175
Pennefather, Richard William, B.A., L.L.B., and M.L.A. 202
Phillips, Colonel George Braithwaite, J.P. 121
Phillips, Samuel J., J.P., M.L.A. 55
Piesse, Hon. Frederick Henry, J.P., M.L.A. 14
Price, Edward Graham 103
Price, Matthew 234
Quinlan, Cr. Timothy Francis, J.P., M.L.A. 84
Randell, George, J.P., M.L.C. 47
Reid, John, C.E. 216
Richardson, Hon. Alex. Robert, M.L.A. 8
Riley, Bishop, D.D. 40
Roe, Augustus Sandford, J.P. 77
Roe, James Broun, J.P. 76
Saunders, Henry John, J.P., M.L.C. 42
Saw, Councillor Charles Augustus, J.P. 187
Scheidel, August, PH. D. 122
Schlam S. B., F.G.S. 209
Shaw, James, J.P. 193
Shenton, Ernest Chawner 223
Shenton, Sir George, K.B., M.L.C. 10
Sholl, Edward 165
Sholl, Horatio William, M.L.A. 49
Sholl, Richard Adolphus, J.P. 184
Sholl, Robert Frederick, J.P., M.L.A. 20
Short, John Tregterthen 159
Simon, Alfred Leon, PH. D. 124
Simpson, George Thomas, M.L.A. 56
Sinclair, Walter John Lockyer 152
Speed, Councillor James Montgomery 206
Stow, Reginald Marshall 231
Taylor, John Howard, M.L.C. 148
Thomas, John 70
Throssell, Hon. George, J.P., M.L.A. 214
Tratman, Dr. Frank, J.P., M.D., M.R.C.S., D.P.H., L.R.C.P. ENG. 90
Trigg, Henry Stirling, F.R.I.V.A. 110
Vanzetti, Eugenio 141
Venn, Hon. H. W., J.P., M.L.A. 35
Vosper, F. C. B., M.L.A., M.A.I.M.E. 181
Wallace, Frank, J.P., M.L.A. 199
Waylen, Dr. A. R., M.D., M.R.C.S. ENG., L.S.A., J.P. 62
Williams, Harry 170
Wilson, Councillor Frank (Perth) 182
Wilson, John, J.P. 232
Wittenoom, Hon. Edward Horne, J.P., M.L.C. 12
Woodward, Harry Page, J.P., F.G.S., F.R.G.S., F.I. INST. 115


Since Chapter V. was printed information has been received from the Colonial Office, through the instrumentality of the Registrar-General Mr. M. A. C. Fraser, which suggests that the Parmelia first sighted the Western Australian coast on the 1st June, 1829. Captain Fremantle left the Cape of Good Hope in the Challenger for Swan River on 20th March, and on 25th April anchored off Garden Island. On 27th April the Challenger entered Cockburn Sound, and struck on a sunken rock without suffering any ill effects. On 2nd May possession was taken of the west coast of New Holland, the flag being hoisted on the south head of the Swan River, and not on the north head as stated in page 39. Captain Fremantle sighted the Parmelia on 1st June, and on 2nd June that vessel entered the Sound and struck on the Parmelia rock. On 8th June the Sulphur (see page 42) anchored in the Sound and sent some troops to relieve Captain Fremantle's party on the mainland on 17th June. It is to be supposed that Captain Stirling, the Lieutenant-Governor, landed on the south head of the Swan on that or the following day.

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