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Index:Portland, Oregon, its History and Builders volume 1.djvu

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Portland, Oregon, its History and Builders volume 1.djvu

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CONTENTS


CHAPTER I.

1506—1792.

The Land of Mystery—The Proposition of Columbus—The Dreams of Navigators—The Fabled Strait of Anian—De Fuca's Pretended Discovery—Maldonado's Pretended Voyage—Low's Remarkable Map—Viscaino and Aguilar Reach the Oregon Coast in 1603—California an Island—Captain Cook's Voyage and Death—Beginning of the Fur Trade—Spain Drives England Out of Nootka Sound, and Then Makes Treaty of Joint Occupancy—Gray Discovers the Columbia River
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17


CHAPTER II.

1634—1834.

The Landward Movement West—Two Differing Minds of Civilization, and Two Differing and Independent Movements of Population, Move Westward—The French Catholic on the One Side, and the English Protestant on the Other—La Salle, Hennepin, Marquette, Jonathan Carver, Mackenzie, Pike, Astor, Ashley, Bridger, Bonneville and Wyeth
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31


CHAPTER III.

1774—1814.

The Evolutionary and Political Movements—The Pioneer American Pushing West—The Revolutionary Break-up—George Rogers Clark and Old Vincennes—Thomas Jefferson the Great Colonizer—The Lewis and Clark Expedition—and Capture of Old Astoria
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48


The Antecedent Geological Preparation of the Country—The Native Indians—The Fur Trade and Traders—The Hudson Bay Company, McLoughlin, Ogden—Indian Ideas on Land Tenure—The Possession of the Land, the Bottom of All Troubles Between Whites and Indians
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62


CHAPTER V.

1834—1842.

The Native Indian—How the Hudson Bay Company Managed Him—The Flathead Mission—The Era of Evangelism—The First Missionaries and Priests—Jason Lee, Marcus Whitman—Blanchet and De Smet—The Indian's Fate and Future—The "Jargon" Language
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78


The Oregon Trail—What Started the Emigration—The Far-reaching Influence of the Movement—Lists of Emigrants—The Character of the Emigrants
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92


CHAPTER VII.

1818—1844.

Joint Occupancy with England—Free Trade to Oregon—No Man's Land—The Hudson Bay Company Plays to the American Settlers—The Provisional Government
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105


CHAPTER VIII.

1774—1846.

The Title to the Country—Titles by Discovery—Paper Titles of Spain, France and England—Title by Contiguous Settlement and Possession—The Question in Politics and in Congress—The Treason of President Polk—Oregon Saved by American Settlements
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134


CHAPTER IX.

1842—1848.

The Oregon Hall of Fame—Who Saved Oregon, Thomas Jefferson, Thomas Benton, Hall J. Kelley, Lee, Whitman, McLoughlin, Meek—Abernethy, Matthieu, Saved by All the Settlers Pulling Together
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146


CHAPTER X.

1843—1847.

Founding a City—Hall Kelley's Plat—Precedent Efforts—Naming the Town — Rival Towns with Map—Deep Sea Navigation Controls Location—Tomahawk Claims—Townsite Titles—William Johnson Was Here First—First Houses—First Ships and Owners—Preachers, Teachers, Doctors, and Lawyers
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193


CHAPTER XI.

1847—1851.

The Townsite Proprietors—Map of the Claims—First Preachers—Gold Discovered in California— Teachers, Doctors and Lawyers—First Steamboats and Builders—First Stores and Shops—First Saw Mill—List of Those Persons Living Here in 1852—List of Old Pioneers Now Living (Nov. 10th, 1910)
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206


CHAPTER XII.

1850—1868.

The First Ferry—The First Wagon Road —The First City Election—Land Titles, and Litigation Thereon—Judges, Matthew P. Deady and George H. Williams Decide the Laws Made by the Provisional Government Are Binding—The Public Levee—General Condition of the Country in 1856, by H. W. Scott, of the Advisory Board
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220


CHAPTER XIII.

1849—1858.

The Hudson Bay Company Offers to Sell Out—Organization of Territorial Government—Lane Reaches Oregon City—The First Census of Oregon—The Territorial and State Seals—Effect of the California Gold—Cost of Goods—Character of Clothes—Territorial Progress—Discovery of Gold in Oregon—Organization of State Government—State Officials, Notices of
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231


CHAPTER XIV.

1850—1893.

The Growth in Shipping, Population, Buildings, Newspapers, and Public Works—The First Cargo of Wheat Shipped Foreign, 1868—The Great Fire of 1873—Salmon Packing and Export Commences—The Express Companies—The Telegraph Lines Come—The First Mails, Delegate Thurston, and Postal Business
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238


CHAPTER XV.

1850—1910.

Portland Water Transportation—The Lot Whitcomb, and Other Steamboats—Nesmith's Account of the First Ship—Judge Strong's Account of the First Boats—The Effect of Gold Discoveries in Eastern Oregon—The Bridge of the Gods, and Other Obstructions to Navigation—The Great Territory to Be Developed—The Formation of the First Great Oregon Monopoly—The Oregon Steam Navigation Co.—The Northern Pacific Railroad Buys Controlling Interest in O. S. N. Co. and Then Fails—Ainsworth Picks Up the Old Stock for a Trifle—D. P. Thompson Uncovers Great Profits of O. S. N. Co.—The Jay Gould Scarecrow—Ainsworth Sells Co. to Henry Villard—The Oregon Steam Navigation Company—The Father of the Oregon Railway & Navigation Company—River and Ocean Steamers and Sail Vessels
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258


CHAPTER XVI.

1863—1910.

Development of the Oregon Railroad System—First Money Subscribed, and First Surveys—The Land Grants, and Land Grant Companies—Schemes of the Californians, and Contest for the Land Grants—The Oregon Railroad and Navigation Company—The Portland, Dallas and Salt Lake Proposition—Notices of Leading Actors in the Work—The Land Grant Lawsuit—Lands and Values—The Last Lands Granted by Congress in Aid of Railroads—The Advent of Electric Railroads—List of Roads and Mileage in Operation, 1910—The Portland City Street Railway System
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280


CHAPTER XVII.

1864—1910.

Steamboats and Shipping—Growth and General Improvements—Exports of Produce, Lumber and Gold Dust—First Cargo of Wheat, and Present Crop—Manufacture and Export of Flour—Review of City's Growth of Commerce—Manufacture and Export of Lumber—Manufacture of Furniture—Manufacturers of Iron and Steel—Manufacture and Export of Beer and Hops
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309


CHAPTER XVIII.

1851—1910.

The City Government—The Charters—The Succession of Mayors—The Present Organization—The Public Utilities—Development of the City
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336


CHAPTER XIX.

1825—1910.

Wheat, Flour, and Dairying—Sheep, Wool, and Woolen Manufactures — Horticulture and Export of Fruit—Live Stock and Meat Consumption
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347


1833—1910 The First Schools in Old Oregon—The First Schools in Oregon—The First Schools in Portland—Organization of the Public Schools—History of the Public Schools—Tabitha Brown's School—Denominational and Private Schools—Colleges and Universities—Libraries, Reading Rooms and Museums
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365


CHAPTER XXI.

1834—1910.

The First Churches—The Development of the Churches—The Groups of Great Preachers—The Founding of Sectarian Schools—The Steady Growth of Religious Work—Notable Characters, Roberts, Wilbur, Blanchet, Scott, Atkinson, Fierens, Lindsley, Morris, Christie and Stephen Wise
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407


CHAPTER XXII.

1860—1910.

The Kind Hearts and Willing Hands—Portland's Benevolences—Hospitals, Homes, and Noble Women
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447


CHAPTER XXIII.

1839—1910.

The Pioneer Newspaper, with Much Local History—The Pioneer Printers — Fleming, Craig, et al.—The Oregonian—Various Other Newspapers and Their Editors
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481


CHAPTER XXIV.

1859—1910

Pioneers Days, Legal Tender—The Great Gold Discovery—The Beaver Money Mint—The First Bank and Banker—The Vicissitudes of the Banks — The Present Banks—The Foreign Banks—Financial Institutions—The Financial Situation
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511


CHAPTER XXV.

1850—1910.

Doctors and Medical Education—Dentists and Dental College—Sanitoriums — Health and Sanitation—Parks and Play Grounds
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536


CHAPTER XXVI.

1845—1910.

The Lawyers that Laid Foundations—The Laws They Made—Their Services to the State—Legislation by the People
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545


CHAPTER XXVII.

1858—1910.

The First Military Company—The Indian Wars—The Grand Army of the Republic—Portland's Part in the War with Spain
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568


CHAPTER XXVIII.

1874—1905.

The First Portland Exposition—The Old Mechanics' Fair—The Merchants and Manufacturers Exposition—The Lewis & Clark Exposition—Styles of Architecture—The Great Flood
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583


The Benefactors—The Literary People—Historians, Poets and Story Tellers
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590


The Exposition of the City—Its Commanding Position—The Resources that Sustain It—Its Great Future
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609


CHAPTER XXXI.

1850—1910.

The Social Life—Economics, Prices, and Wages—Economics, Morals and Politics—The Political and Economic Drift—The Lesson of It All
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623


CHAPTER XXXII.

1825—1910.

Vancouver—First White Settlement in Old Oregon—The Governor of the Vast Wilderness—The Character of Old Vancouver—The Disputed Hudson's Bay Company Title—Modern Vancouver—Great Prospects in the Future—The Home of Great Enterprises
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641


Historical Sketch of Oregon City by Eva Emery Dye, Author of "McLoughlin and Old Oregon," "McDonald of Oregon," and "The Conquest."
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650