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Index:The Letters Of Queen Victoria, vol. 1 (1908).djvu

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The Letters Of Queen Victoria, vol. 1 (1908).djvu

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Cover - - - - Frontispiece  Title  Colophon  iii  iv  v  vi  vii  viii  ix  x  xi  xii 001 002 003 004 005 006 007 008 Plate - 009 010 011 012 013 014 015 016 Plate - 017 018 019 020 021 022 023 024 025 026 027 028 029 030 031 032 033 034 035 036 037 038 039 040 041 042 043 044 045 046 047 048 049 050 051 052 053 054 055 056 057 058 059 060 061 062 063 064 065 066 067 068 069 070 071 072 Plate - 073 074 075 076 077 078 079 080 081 082 083 084 085 086 087 088 089 090 091 092 093 094 095 096 097 098 099 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 Plate - 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 Plate - 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 - - - Cover

TABLE OF CONTENTS

PAGES
Ancestry of Queen Victoria—Houses of Brunswick, Hanover, and Coburg—Family connections—The English Royal Family—The Royal Dukes—Duke of Cumberland—Family of George III.—Political position of the Queen
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-7
Queen Victoria’s early years—Duke and Duchess of Kent—Parliamentary grant to Duchess of Kent—The Queen of Würtemberg—George IV. and the Princess— Visits to Windsor—Duchess of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld—Education of the Princess—The Duchess of Kent’s letter to the Bishops—Religious instruction—Result of examination—Speech by Duchess of Kent—The Princess’s reminiscences of Claremont—William IV. and the Princess—The accession—Queen Victoria’s character and temperament—Her sympathy with the middle classes
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-21
Queen Victoria’s relations and friends—King Leopold’s influence—Queen Adelaide—Baroness Lehzen—Baron Stockmar
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
22-26
Observations on the correspondence with King Leopold and others—First letter received by Queen Victoria—Her first letter to Prince Leopold—Birthday letters—King Leopold’s description of his Queen—His valuable advice—The Princess’s visit to Hever Castle—King Leopold’s advice as to reading, and the Princess’s reply—New Year greeting—On autographs—The Princess's confirmation—King Leopold's advice as to honesty and sincerity
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
27-42

CHAPTER V 1836 Visit of Prince Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg—lInvitation to the Prince of Orange—Arrival of Princes Ernest and Albert—The Princess’s appreciation of Prince Albert —King Leopold’s advice as to conversation—Crisis in Spain—Farewell letter—The Princess and the Church —Death of Charles X.—Abuse of King Leopold— Revolution at Lisbon—The Princess’s name—News- paper attacks on King Leopold . 3 ; : . 43-55 PAGES CHAPTER VI 1837 Spain and Portugal—Music with Princes Ernest and Albee t= Pagharnantary language and political passion —The throne of Greece—Queen of the Belgians’ dowry —The English Press—The Princess’s tab ushinenite Young Belgian cousins—Irish Municipal Bili—Whig Ministers—Birthday rejoicings—King Leopold’s advice and encouragement—Accession imminent—Condition of the King—Reliance on Lord Melbourne—The Princess and the Church—The Accession—The Queen’s journal—Interview with Lord Melbourne—The Queen’s first Council—Letter from the King of the French — Congratulations from King Teor old— Nationality of the Queen—The Queen and en Min- isters—Reflection advised—Baron Stockmar—Im- portant subjects for study—Sister Queens—Letter from Queen Adelaide—Buckingham Palace—Madame de Lieven—Parliament prorogued—England and Russia—Discretion advised—Singing lessons—The elections—Prevalence of bribery—End of King Leo- pold’s visit—Reception at Brighton—Security of letters—England and France—France and the Penin- sula—Count Molé—The French in Africa—Close of the session—Prince Albert’s Sern en estimates—Secretaries of State . i : ; 56-101 CHAPTER VII 1838 Lord Melbourne—Canada—Influence of the Crown— Daniel O’Connell—Position of Ministers of State in England and abroad—New Poor Law—Pressure of business — Prince Albert’s education—Favourite

PAGES horses—Deaths of old servants—The Coronation— Address from Bishops—Ball at Buckingham Palace —Independence and progress of Belgium—Anglo- Belgian relations—Foreign policy—Holland and Belgium—Coronation Day—Westminster Abbey— The enthronement—Receiving homage—Popular en- thusiasm—Coronation incidents—Pages of honour— Extra holidays for schools—Review in Hyde Park— Lord Durham and Canada—Government of Canada— —lIreland and O’Connell—Death of Lady John Russell —The Queen’s sympathy with Lord John Russell— Belgium and English Government—Belgium and Holland—Canada—Resignation of the Earl of Durham —English Church for Malta—Disappointment of Duke of Sussex—Brighton . a . : . 5 - 102-140 CHAPTER VIII 1839 Murder of Lord Norbury—Holland and Belgium—Dis- sension in the Cabinet—The Duke of Lucca—Portugal —Ireland and the Government—England and Belgium —Prince Albert’s tour in Italy—Jamaica—Change of Ministry imminent—The Queen’s distress—Interviews with the Duke of Wellington and Sir Robert Peel— Lord Melbourne on Sir Robert Peel—The Household —FProposed new Cabinet—Interview with Lord Mel- bourne—The Ladies of the Household and Sir Robert Peel—Reply to Sir Robert Peel—Resignation of Sir Robert Peel—The Queen’s journal—Cabinet minute— Whigs resume office—Ball at Buckingham Palace— Lord John Russell and Sir Robert Peel—The Queen on the crisis—King Leopold’s approval—The penny post- age—The Queen and Prince Albert—Syria—England and the Sultan—Proposed visit of King Louis Philippe— Preparing the Queen’s speech—King Leopold’s feeling for the Queen—Coming visit of Prince Albert— Arrival of Princes Ernest and Albert—The Queen’s engagement to Prince Albert—Lord Melbourne’s con- gratulations—King Leopold’s satisfaction—Austria and the Porte—The Queen’s happiness—Queen Louise’s congratulations—The Queen’s letters to the Royal Family—The Prince’s religion—Announcement to the Council—Marriage treaty—Question of a peer- age—English susceptibilities—Letter from Donna Maria—Household appointments—Mayor of Newport knighted—The word ‘“ Protestant ’””—The Prince’s coat-of-arms—-The Prince and Mr Anson—Appoint- ment of Treasurer—The Prince and Lord Melbourne . 141-208

CHAPTER IX 1840 Letters to Prince Albert—Opening of Parliament—The Prince’s grant—The Prince at Brussels—Marriage of the Queen and Prince—Public enthusiasm—Plays in Lent—Debate on the Corn Laws—England and China —Disturbance at the Opera—Murder of Lord William Russell—Mrs Norton—Character of Princess Charlotte —English manners—Oxford’s attempt on the Queen’s life—Egypt and the Four Powers—Prince Louis Napoleon—King Leopold at Wiesbaden—A threatened crisis—France and the East—A difficult question— Serious measures—Palmerston and France—Views of King Louis Philippe—Propositions for settlement— Attitude of France—Pacific instructions—The Porte and Mehemet Ali—Bombardment of Beyrout— Guizot and Thiers—Differing views—The Queen’s influence—An anxious time—Attempt on life of King Louis Philippe—Negotiation with France advised— Thiers more moderate—Death of Lord Holland— Change of Ministry in France—Importance of con- ciliation—The Prince’s name in the Prayer-book— King Leopold on Lord Palmerston—Birth of the Prin- cess Royal—Settlement of Eastern Question , . 209-252 PAGES CHAPTER X 1841 Letter to King Leopold—The Prince and literature—The speech from the throne—Domestic happiness—Duke of Wellington’s illness—England and the United States —Operations in China—Lord Cardigan—Army dis- cipline—The Nottingham election—The Budget—Irish Registration Bill—Sugar duties—Ministerial crisis— Lord Melbourne’s advice—Dissolution or resignation —The Household question—Sir Robert Peel—Mr Anson’s intervention—Interview with Lord Melbourne —King Leopold’s sympathy—The Corn Laws—The Queen’s journal—The Prince’s support—Further interviews—Resignation postponed—The Queen and the Church—King Leopold’s advice—The Queen’s impartiality—Difficulties removed—Vote of want of confidence—The country quiet—King Leopold’s views —Fiscal Policy—Marriage of Lord John Russell— Visit to Nuneham—Archbishop Harcourt—The Prince visits Oxford—Letter from Lord Brougham—Visit to Woburn Abbey—Lord Melbourne and the Garter— A dreaded moment—Debate on the Speech—Over- whelming majority—Resignation—New arrangements

—Parting with Lord Melbourne—The Prince in a new position—The Queen and Sir Robert Peel— Lord Melbourne’s opinion of the Prince—The House- hold question—New Cabinet—Lord Melbourne’s official farewell—Sir Robert Peel’s reception—New appointments—Council at Claremont—Tho Lord Chamberlain’s department—The French ambassador— Confidential communications—The diplomatic corps— Governor-General of Canada—India and Afghanistan —Lord Ellenborough—Russia and Central Asia— Indian finances—The Spanish mission—Correspon- dence with Lord Melbourne—Fine Arts Commission— Peers and audiences—Lord Radnor’s claim—The Chinese campaign—English and foreign artists—Lord Melbourne and the Court—The Queen and her Govern- ment—Baron Stockmar’s opinion—Lord Melbourne’s influence—Baron Stockmar and Sir Robert Peel— Professor Whewell—Queen Christina—Queen Isabella —French influence in Spain—Holland and Belgium— Dispute with United States—Portugal—The English Constitution—The “‘ Prime Minister ’’—The “ Secre- taries of State ’—Baron Stockmar expostulates with Lord Melbourne—Birth of Heir-apparent—Created Prince of Wales—The Royal children . : CHAPTER XI 1842 Letter from Queen Adelaide—Disasters in Afghanistan— The Oxford movement—Church matters—The Duke of Wellington and the christening—Lord Melbourne ill—A favourite dog—The King of Prussia—Marriage of Prince Ernest—Christening of the Prince of Wales —The Corn Laws—Marine excursion—Fall of Cabul— Candidates for the Garter—The Earl of Munster—The Queen and Income Tax—Lambeth Palace—Sale at Strawberry Hill—Selection of a governess—Party politics—A brilliant ball—The Prince and the Army— Lady Lyttelton’s appointment—Goethe and Schiller— Edwin Landseer—The Mensdorff family—Attack on the Queen by Francis—Letters from Queen Adelaide and Lord Melbourne—Successes in Afghanistan—Sir R. Sale and General Pollock—Debate on Income Tax —The Queen’s first railway journey—Conviction of Francis—Presents for the Queen—Another attack on the Queen by Bean—Death of Duke of Orleans—Grief of the Queen—Letters from the King and Queen of the French—Leigh Hunt—Lord Melbourne on marriages —Resignation of Lord Hill—Appointment of Duke of Wellington—Manchester riots—Military assistance— Parliament prorogued—Causes of discontent—Mob in PAGES - 253-369

PAGES Lincoln’s Inn Fields—Trouble at the Cape—Tour in Scotland—Visit to Lord Breadalbane—Return to Windsor—Royal visitors—A steam yacht for the Queen —Future of Queen Isabella—The Princess Lichtenstein —Historical works—Walmer Castle—Lord Melbourne’s illness—The Crown jewels—Provision for Princess Augusta—Success in China—A treaty signed— Victories in Afghanistan—Honours for the army— The gates of Somnauth—France and Spain—Major Mal- colm—The Scottish Church—A serious crisis—Letter from Lord Melbourne—Esteem for Baron Stockmar . 370-449 CHAPTER XII 1843 Recollections of Claremont—Historical writers—Governor- Generalship of Canada—Mr Drummond shot—Mis- taken for Sir Robert Peel—Death of Mr Drummond— Demeanour of MacNaghten—Letter from Lord Mel- bourne—Preparations for the trial—The Royal Family and politics—King Leopold and Sir Robert Peel—The American treaty—Position of the Prince of Wales— Good wishes from Queen Adelaide—Proposed exchange of visits—Mr Cobden’s speech—The new chapel— Fanny Burney’s diary—MacNaghten acquitted— Question of criminal insanity—Princess Mary of Baden —The Prince and the Levées—Sir Robert Peel’s sug- gestions—Police arrangements—Looking for the comet—Flowers from Lord Melbourne—The Royal children—The toast of the Prince—King of Hanover’s proposed visit—Gates of Somnauth restored—Death of Duke of Sussex—Birth and christening of Princess Alice—Irish agitation—Rebecca riots—Duchess of Norfolk’s resignation—Duelling in the Army—Out- pensioners of Chelsea—Crown jewels—Obstruction of business—Lord Melbourne on matrimonial affairs— Visit to Chateau d’Eu—Increased troubles in Wales— Royal visitors—England and Spain—Arrest of O’Con- nell—Duc de Bordeaux not received at Court—Duc de Nemours expected—Visit to Cambridge—Duc d’Au- male’s engagement—Indian affairs—Loyalty at Cam- bridge—Proposed visit to Drayton Manor—Travelling arrangements—Duchesse de Nemours—Birmingham —Canadian seat of government — Chatsworth — American view of monarchy—Prince Metternich and Spain|450-512

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS

QUEEN VICTORIA RECEIVING THE NEWS OF HER ACCESSION TO THE THRONE, 20TH JUNE 1837. From the picture by H. T. Wells, R.A., at Buckingham Palace Frontispiece T.R.H. THe DucHsess oF KENT AND THE PRINCESS Victorta. From the miniature by H. Bone, after Sir W. Beechey, at Windsor Castle . Facing p. 8 H.R.H. Tuer Princess Vicroria, 1827. By Plant, after Stewart. From the miniature at Buckingham Palace . : : : 3 5 H.M. Kine Wintuiam IV. From a miniature at Windsor Castle 5 H.R.H. Tue Prince Consort, 1840. From the portrait by John Partridge at Buckingham Palace . 2 H.M. QuEEN VictoriA, 1841. From the drawing by E. F. T., after H. H. Dawe, at Buckingham Palace xi

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