Latin for beginners (1911)/Part II/Lesson XI

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LESSON XI

ADJECTIVES OF THE FIRST AND SECOND DECLENSIONS

83. Adjectives of the first and second declensions are declined in the three genders as follows:

Singular

masculine feminine neuter
Nom. bonus bona bonum
Gen. bonī bonae bonī
Dat. bonō bonae bonō
Acc. bonum bonam bonum
Abl. bonō bonā bonō
Voc. bone bona bonum

Plural

Nom. bonī bonae bona
Gen. bonōrum bonārum bonōrum
Dat. bonīs bonīs bonīs
Acc. bonōs bonās bona
Abl. bonīs bonīs bonīs

a. Write the declension and give it orally across the page, thus giving the three genders for each case.

b. Decline grātus, -a, -um; malus, -a, -um; altus, -a, -um ; parvus, -a, -um.

84. Thus far the adjectives have had the same terminations as the nouns. However, the agreement between the adjective and its noun does not mean that they must have the same termination. If the adjective and the noun belong to different declensions, the terminations will, in many cases, not be the same. For example, nauta, sailor, is masculine and belongs to the first declension. The masculine form of the adjective bonus is of the second declension. Consequently, a good sailor is nauta bonus. So, the wicked farmer is agricola malus. Learn the following declensions:

85. nauta bonus (bases naut- bon-), m., the good sailor

Singular Plural
Nom. nauta bonus nautae bonī
Gen. nautae bonī nautārum bonōrum
Dat. nautae bonō nautīs bonīs
Acc. nautam bonum nautās bonōs
Abl'. nautā bonō nautīs bonīs
Voc. nauta bone nautae bonī

86. EXERCISES

First learn the special vocabulary, p. 285.

I.

  1. Est[1] in vīcō nauta bonus.
  2. Sextus est amīcus nautae bonī.
  3. Sextus nautae bonō galeam dat.
  4. Populus Rōmānus nautam bonum laudat.
  5. Sextus cum nautā bonō praedam portat.
  6. Ubi, nauta bone, sunt arma et tēla lēgātī Rōmānī?
  7. Nautae bonī ad bellum properant.
  8. Fāma nautārum bonōrum est clāra.
  9. Pugnae sunt grātae nautīs bonīs.
  10. Oppidānī nautās bonōs cūrant.
  11. Cūr, nautae bonī, malī agricolae ad Rhēnum properant?
  12. Malī agricolae cum bonīs nautīs pugnant.

II.

  1. The wicked farmer is hastening to the village with (his) booty.
  2. The reputation of the wicked farmer is not good.
  3. Why does Galba's daughter give arms and weapons to the wicked farmer?
  4. Lesbia invites the good sailor to dinner.
  5. Why is Lesbia with the good sailor hastening from the cottage?
  6. Sextus, where is my helmet?
  7. The good sailors are hastening to the toilsome battle.
  8. The horses of the wicked farmers are small.
  9. The Roman people give money to the good sailors.
  10. Friends care for the good sailors.
  11. Whose friends are fighting with the wicked farmers?
Latin for beginners (1911) 57.png

GALEAE

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References

  1. Est, beginning a declarative sentence, there is.