Latin for beginners (1911)/Part II/Lesson XXIV
IMPERFECT ACTIVE INDICATIVE OF REGŌ AND AUDIŌ • THE DATIVE WITH SPECIAL INTRANSITIVE VERBS
|Conjugation III||Conjugation IV|
|1. regē′bam, I was ruling||audiē′bam, I was hearing|
|2. regē′bas, you were ruling||audiē′bās, you were hearing|
|3. regē′bat he was ruling||audiē′bat, he was hearing|
|1. regēbā′mus, we were ruling||audiēbā′mus, we were hearing|
|2. regēbā′tis, you were ruling||audiēbā′tis, you were hearing|
|3. regēbant, they were ruling||audiē′bant, they were hearing|
- The tense sign is -bā-, as in the first two conjugations.
- Observe that the final -ĕ- of the stem is lengthened before the tense sign -bā-. This makes the imperfect of the third conjugation just like the imperfect of the second (cf. monēbam and regēbam).
- In the fourth conjugation -ē- is inserted between the stem and the tense sign -bā- (audi-ē-ba-m).
- In a similar manner inflect the verbs given in § 148.
- Agēbat, veniēbat, mittēbat, ducēbant.
- Agēbant, mittēbant, ducēbās, muniēbant.
- Mittēbāmus, ducēbātis, dicēbant
- Muniēbāmus, veniēbātis, dicēbās.
- Mittēbās, veniēbāmus, reperiēbat.
- Reperiēbās, veniēbās, audiēbatis.
- Agēbāmus, reperiēbātis, mūniēbat.
- Agēbātis, dīcēbam, mūniēbam.
- They were leading, you were driving (sing, and plur.), he was fortifying.
- They were sending, we were finding, I was coming.
- You were sending, you were fortifying, (sing, and plur.), he was saying.
- They were hearing, you were leading (sing, and plur.), I was driving.
- We were saying, he was sending, I was fortifying,
- They were coming, he was hearing, I was finding.
- You were ruling (sing, and plur.), we were coming, they were ruling.
153. The Dative with Special Intransitive Verbs. We learned above (§ 20. a) that a verb which does not admit of a direct object is called an intransitive verb. Many such verbs, however, are of such meaning that they can govern an indirect object, which will, of course, be in the dative case (§ 45). Learn the following list of intransitive verbs with their meanings. In each case the dative indirect object is the person or thing to which a benefit, injury, or feeling is directed. (Cf. § 43.)
- crēdo, crēdere, believe (give belief to)
- faveō, favēre, favor (show favor to)
- noceō, nocēre, injure (do harm to)
- pareō, parēre, obey (give obedience to)
- persuadeō, persuadēre, persuade (offer persuasion to)
- resistō, resistēre, resist (offer resistance to)
- studeō, studēre, be eager for (give attention to)
154. Rule. Dative with Intransitive Verba. The dative of the indirect object is used with the intransitive verbs crēdō, faveō, noceō, pāreō, persuādeō, resistō, studeō, and others of like meaning.155.
- Crēdisne verbīs sociōrum ? Multī verbīs eōrum nōn crēdunt.
- Meī fīnitimī cōnsiliō tuō nōn favēbunt, quod bellō student.
- Tiberius et Gāius disciplīnae dūrae nōn resistēbant et Cornēliae pārēbant.
- Dea erat inimīca septem filiābus rēgīnae.
- Dūra poena et perpetua trīstitia rēgīnae nōn persuādēbunt.
- Nūper ea resistēbat et nunc resistit potentiae Lātōnae.
- Mox sagittae volābunt et līberīs miserīs nocēbunt.