Latin for beginners (1911)/Part II/Lesson XXXIII

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LESSON XXXIII

PLUPERFECT AND FUTURE PERFECT ACTIVE INDICATIVE
PERFECT ACTIVE INFINITIVE

194.

Conj. I Conj. II Conj. III Conj. IV
amō moneō regō capiō audiō
Perfect Stems amāv- monu- rēx- cēp- audīv-

Pluperfect Indicative Active

Tense Sign -erā-

SINGULAR
I had loved I had advised I had ruled I had taken I had heard
  1. amā´veram
monu´eram rē´xeram cē´peram audī´veram
2. amā´verās monu´erās rē´xerās cē´perās audī´verās
3. amā´verat monu´erat rē´xerat cē´perat audī´verat
PLURAL
  1. amāverā´mus
monuerā´mus rēxerā´mus cēperā´mus audīverā´mus
2. amāverā´tis monuerā´tis rēxerā´tis cēperā´tis audīverā´tis
3. ama´verant monu´erant rē´xerant cē´perant audī´verant
 

Future Perfect Indicative Active

{{sc|Tense Sign -eri-

SINGULAR

I shall have loved

I shall have advised

I shall have ruled

I shall have taken

I shall have heard

  1. amā´verō
monu´erō rē´xerō cē´perō audī´verō
2. amā´veris monu´eris rē´xeris cē´peris audī´veris
3. amā´verit monu´erit rē´xerit cē´perit audī´verit
PLURAL
  1. amāve´rimus
monue´rimus rēxe´rimus cēpe´rimus audīve´rimus
2. amāve´ritis monue´ritis rēxe´ritis cēpe´ritis audīve´ritis
3. amā´verint monu´erint rē´xerint cē´perint audī´verint
1. Observe that these are all inflected alike and the rules for formation given in § 187. 2-4 hold good here.
2. In like manner inflect the pluperfect and future perfect indicative active of dō, portō, dēleō, moveō, habeō, dīcō, discēdō, faciō, veniō, mūniō.

193. The Perfect Active Infinitive. The perfect active infinitive is formed by adding -isse to the perfect stem.

Conj. Perfect Stem Perfect Infinitive
I. amāv- amāvis´se, to have loved
II. monu- monuis´se, to have advised
III. (a) rēx- rēxis´se, to have ruled
(b) cēp- cēpis´se, to have taken
IV. audīv- audīvis´se, to have heard
sum fu- fuis´se, to have been
1. In like manner give the perfect infinitive active of dō, portō, dēleō, moveō, habeō, dīcō, discēdō, faciō, veniō, mūniō.
196.

EXERCISES

I.

  1. Habuisti, moverunt, miserant.
  2. Vidit, dixeris, duxisse.
  3. Misistis, paruerunt, discesseramus.
  4. Munivit, dederam, misero.
  5. Habuerimus, delevi, paruit, fuisse.
  6. Dederas, muniveritis, v6neratis, misisse.
  7. Veneras, fecisse, dederatis, portaveris.
  8. Quem verba oracull moverant? Populum verba oraculi moverant.
  9. Cui Cepheus verba oraculi narraverit? Perseo Cepheus verba oraculi narraverit.
  10. Amici ab Andromeda discesserint.
  11. Monstrum saevum domicilia multa deleverat.
  12. Ubi monstrum vidistis? Id in aqua vidimus.
  13. Quid mOnstrum faciet? Monstrum Andromedam interficiet.

II.

  1. They have obeyed, we have destroyed, I shall have had.
  2. We shall have sent, I had come, they have fortified.
  3. I had departed, he has obeyed, you have sent {sing, and plur.).
  4. To have destroyed, to have seen, he will have given, they have carried.
  5. He had destroyed, he has moved, you have had {sing, and plur.).
  6. I have given, you had moved {sing, and plur.), we had said.
  7. You will have made {sing, and plur.) , they will have led, to have given.
  8. Who had seen the monster? Andromeda had seen it
  9. Why had the men departed from[1] the towns? They had departed because the monster had come.
  10. Did Cepheus obey[2] the oracle[3]? He did.

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References

  1. ex. What would ab mean?
  2. Did … obey, perfect tense.
  3. What case?