Latin for beginners (1911)/Part II/Lesson XXXIV

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LESSON XXXIV

REVIEW OF THE ACTIVE VOICE

197. A review of the tenses of the indicative active shows the following formation:

TENSES OF THE INDICATIVE

Present = First of the principal parts

Imperfect = Present stem + -ba-m

Future = Present stem +

-bō, Conj. I and II
-a-m, Conj. III and IV

Perfect = Third of the principal parts

Pluperfect = Perfect stem + -era-m

Future Perfect = Perfect stem + -erō

198. The synopsis of the active voice of amō, as far as we have learned the conjugation, is as follows:

Principal Parts amō, amāre, amāvī

Pres. Stem amā-

Perf. Stem amāv-

Indic.

Pres. amō

Indic.

Perf. amāvī
Imperf. amābam Pluperf. amāveram
Fut. amā Fut. perf. amāverō

Pres. Imv. amā

Pres. Infin. amāre

Perf. Infin. amāvisse

1. Learn to write in the same form and to give rapidly the principal parts and synopsis of parō, dō, laudō, dēleō, habeō, moveō, pareō, videō, dīcō, discēdō, dūcō, mittō, capiō, mūniō, veniō.[1]

199. Learn the following principal parts:[2]

Pres. Indic. Pres. Infin. Perf. Indic.
Irregular
Verbs

sum
ab´sum

esse
abes´se

dare

fuī
ā´fuī

dedī

be
be away

give

Conjugation
II

contineō
doceō
egeō
faveō
iubeō
noceō
persuādeō
respondeō
sedeō
studeō

continēre
docēre
egēre
favēre
iubēre
nocēre
persuādēre
respondēre
sedēre
studēre

continuī
docuī
eguī
fāvī
iussī
nocuī
persuāsī
respondī
sēdī
studuī

hold in, keep
teach
need
favor
order
injure
persuade
reply
sit
be eager

Conjugation
III

agō
crēdō
fugiō
iaciō
interficiō
rapiō
resis´tō

agere
crēdere
fugere
iacere
interficere
rapere
resis´tere

ēgī
crēdidī
fūgī
iēcī
interfēcī
rapuī
re´stitī

drive
believe
flee
hurl
kill
seize

resist

Conjugation
IV

repe´riō reperī´re rep´perī find
200.

Perseus and Andromeda (Concluded)

First learn the special vocabulary, p. 290. Read the whole story.

Perseus semper proeliō studēbat[3] et respondit,[3] “Verba tua sunt maximē grāta,” et laetus arma sua magica parāvit.[3] Subitō mōnstrum vidētur; celeriter per aquam properat et Andromedae adpropinquat. Eius amīcī longē absunt et misera puella est sōla. Perseus autem sine morā super aquam volāvit.[3] Subitō dēscendit[3] et dūrō gladiō saevum mōnstrum graviter vulnerāvit.[3] Diū pugnātur,[4] diū proelium est dubium. Dēnique autem Perseus mōnstrum interfēcit[3] et victōriam reportāvit.[3] Tum ad saxum vēnit[3] et Andromedam līberāvit[3] et eam ad Cēpheum dūxit.[3] Is, nūper miser, nunc laetus, ita dīxit:[3] “Tuō auxiliō, mī amīce, cāra fīlia mea est lībera; tua est Andromeda.” Diū Perseus cum Andromedā ibi habitābat[3] et magnopere ā tōtō populō amābātur.[3]

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References

  1. Learn to give synopses rapidly, and not only in the first person singular but in any person of either number.
  2. These are all verbs that you have had before, and the perfect is the only new form to be learned.
  3. 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.13 See if you can explain the use of the perfects and imperfects in this passage.
  4. The verb pugnātur means, literally, it is fought; translate freely, the battle is fought, or the contest rages. The verb pugnō in Latin is intransitive, and so does not have a personal subject in the passive. A verb with an indeterminate subject, designated in English by it, is called impersonal.