Life and Journals of Kah-ke-wa-quo-nā-by/Chapter IV
ARRIVED at the Credit before night, and found all well, excepting my brother George, who is still confined to his bed with chronic rheumatism. The Rev. James Richardson, appointed missionary to this place, had moved his family here during the last week. Found the school doing well under the care of my brother John and Miss Sellicks. Attended a singing school in the evening; they sang their various parts delightfully. May God tune the hearts of these children of the forest to sing the high praises of Jehovah! — Wednesday 6th.
Saturday 9th. — Elder Case passed through the village on his way to the Toronto Quarterly Meeting; spent a few minutes with us.
Sunday 10th. — Prayer meeting early in the morning; Sabbath School at 9 o'clock. At 11 Mr. Richardson preached from Heb. xi. 27, 23, 29, the substance of which I gave in Indian. After dismissing the congregation, the Class Leaders met, to whom Mr. R. spoke individually on the state of their minds, and the condition of their classes. A good account was given. In the evening I preached to my brethern from Luke xix. 1, 10; great attention and apparently much feeling; spoke till I was quite exhausted; felt much of the goodness of God in giving his well-beloved son for our redemption.
Monday 11th. — The great Chief Yellowhead arrived from Lake Simcoe, bringing pleasing accounts of the reformation of his people, and the prosperity of the school taught by Mr. W. Law. Thursday 14th. — Employed in writing this forenoon. In the afternoon visited Peggy Ball, who is very sick, and in danger of apoplexy; she is the oldest person in this tribe. After taking about a half pint of blood from her she appeared easier. She was very happy in the Lord, and said, "Sometimes I am so happy in the Lord, that some nights I cannot sleep at all; and when I do sleep, I dream about being in heaven amongst the happy people who have got there before me. The good spirit has been very good to spare my life till I should see my grand-children serve the Great Spirit, I hope I shall see all my children, grand-children, and great grand-children in my father's house above." We sang and prayed with our grand-mother, as we called her. There being some strange Indians present from the River Thames, opposed to Christianity, I took this opportunity to address them on the first principles of our holy religion, warning them of their danger in neglecting to obey the words of the Great Spirit. They listened attentively, and appeared thunder struck and convinced of the Gospel, but made no reply. I invited them to attend the evening prayer meeting; they accordingly came; some caught the Spirit of God and rejoiced in his love.
Friday 15th. — A general fast at this place for the blessing of God to attend our approaching Quarterly Meeting — felt much pain in my breast, a complaint with which I am much afflicted.
Saturday l6th. — At 2 o'clock, p. m., we assembled for Divine service. Mr. Richardson preached and I exhorted — a pretty good time. At the close of the meeting. Elder Case arrived — held a prayer meeting in the evening.
Sabbath 17th. — At 9 a. m., love feast commenced; a time of rejoicing to many souls — blessed be God! At 11, Elder Case preached from Mark xvi. 15., and I gave the substance to the Indians. A collection was taken up for the support of the Gospel of $17 50c, and never were a people more willing to cast in their mites for any benevolent purpose. Elder Case baptized a few native converts from the river Thames and Lake Simcoe, eight adults and six children. The Holy Sacrament was then administered to 111 natives and a few whites. At our Sabbath School at 3 p. m., we were visited by Judge Willis, Rev. Mr. McGrath and son, and Col. Adamson. Judge Willis manifested a deep interest for our general improvement, and appeared highly gratified with the advancement the children had made. In the evening were exhortation and prayer. I felt much cast down all day. Lord, revive thy work in my soul!
Monday 18th. — Commenced translating some Hymns, Apostle's Creed, &c.
Wednesday 20th. — Translating — in the evening attended singing school.
Thursday 21st. — Translating — at the evening prayer meeting my soul rejoiced greatly in the Lord God Almighty.
Friday 22nd. — Started with Mr. and Mrs. Richardson, my brother John, and about twenty Indian school children for York, for the purpose of exhibiting their improvement before some of the members of the House of Assembly and others. Reached town about 3 p. m., and at 7 o'clock repaired to the Methodist chapel, which was crowded to overflowing. The Rev. J. Richardson commenced the services by giving out a hymn, and prayer, after which the Rev. W. Ryerson addressed the meeting, stating the object for which they were assembled. The Indian children then commenced, exhibiting in a pleasing manner their improvement — first, by singing both in English and Indian, then by reading, spelling, reciting the Lord's Prayer and Ten Commandments. They also showed samples of writing, and the girls of sewing and knitting, and closed by singing. The Speaker of the House of Assembly, who occupied the chair, spoke on the occasion; and also several of the members: all evinced great interest for the prosperity of Missions amongst the natives of the forest. The Rev. W. Case gave a general statement of the Missions, and a vote of thanks was given to the members of the Methodist Missionary Society for their indefatigable exertions. I took this opportunity, on behalf of my native brethren, to express our thanks for the interest white christians were taking on our behalf. A collection was then taken up for the purchase of books for the schools.
Saturday 23rd. — This morning my brother John and I received a summons from the House of Assembly to attend at their committee room at 10 a. m. We accordingly went and appeared before the Committee for enquiring into the religious state of the Province. They enquired when the work of reformation first commenced among the River Credit Indians, who was the first converted, by what means, and how long ago? They also made enquiries as to the state of the various missions, and who were employed as missionaries and teachers amongst them. We gave them the best information we were able. My brother John and his pupils went, at the request of Lady Sarah Maitland, to the Government House, that the Indian children might exhibit their improvement before the Lieutenant Governor and others. They sang some of Watts' hymns, repeated their Catechism, and some of their reading and spelling lessons. The Governor and his lady appeared highly gratified, and kindly presented the children with books and several yards of flannel, saying they hoped they would persevere in their learning, &c. In the evening we returned to our own lodgings, where we met the Rev. Mr. Scott, a Baptist Minister, from New Brunswick, who was appointed by the "New England Corporation Society" in England, as missionary for the River Credit Mission. He was very friendly, and said that he did not wish to interfere with the arrangements of the Methodists, and as there was a missionary stationed there, he would look elsewhere for work. He requested me to give him what advice and assistance I thought would best promote his object.
Sunday 24th. — Started for home and reached the village just as the Indians were assembled for Divine worship. As Mr. Richardson was not present, the services were conducted by us. I commenced by singing and prayer; Brother P. Jacobs then gave an exhortation, after which I spoke a few words and concluded the meeting. In the evening, I preached to them from Psalms viii. 3, 4. The power of the Lord attended the word, and there was much weeping and rejoicing. Brother J. Sawyer exhorted with energy and pathos.
Tuesday 26th. — Received notice this morning that the Governor would visit our village to-day. About noon Col. Givins arrived, and an hour after the Governor and several gentlemen and ladies came. The men collected together and gave the usual salute by firing three rounds of guns. They visited the schools and heard the children repeat their lessons. The ladies presented them with several pieces of silver as rewards for their industry and improvement in learning. The Governor requested us to be very particular in keeping up a free communication with the Indian Agent, and said that he had heard the Indians manifested a backwardness in making their wants known. I told His Excellency that I was not aware of any such thing, as the Indians always consulted with their Agent with respect to their intentions and desires. Towards night, father arrived from the Grand River on his way to York. I rejoiced to find him still persevering in the service of God, who I pray may preserve him unto the end, so that he may receive a crown of glory that fadeth not away.
Thursday 28th.— Kept school for John. Visited Polly Rykeman, who is still dangerously ill. She appeared as happy as she could be, and would now and then stretch her hands towards heaven, clapping them together and praising the Lord for what he had done for her. I asked her if she was afraid to die? She answered with a smile — "No, because I feel that Jesus is round about my bed all the time, and I know the Great Spirit will receive me into heaven. I am not afraid to die! Oh! how merciful, how glorious is the Great Spirit; my heart is full of joy. Oh! that all my brothers and sisters might be faithful in serving Keshamunedoo; what lasting honours they would secure to themselves in another world." Sister Rykeman appears triumphant over the terror of death. May the Lord's name be praised for giving her the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ! At the evening prayer meeting a time of rejoicing.
Friday 29th. — Writing and visiting the sick.
Sunday, March 2nd. — Prayer meeting at sunrise; Sunday school at 9 — about sixty children. At noon public service, I preached from Prov. xxviii. 13. In the evening I spoke to them respecting the sad state of those who know not our Lord Jesus Christ, nor the blessings of his grace. Told them of the prophecies respecting the Gospel being preached to all natives. Encouraged them to offer up ardent prayer for the spread of religion amongst their brethren, and also desired an interest in their prayers for those of us who were about leaving to visit the River Thames Indians, that the Lord would own and bless our labours. Many prayers were offered up on our behalf.
Monday 3rd. — Started this morning in company with Peter Beaver and Wm. Jackson for the river Thames. My father accompanied us. Called for a few minutes at Mr. John Brant's, who had a great deal to say about Missionary labours. Spent the night at Mr, James Gage's. Tuesday 4th. — Reached father's house at the Grand River a little after dark.
Wednesday 5th. — Went this morning to Davisville to have a portion of the Mohawk translation of the Gospel of St. Luke, by C. Hill, examined. We took it to G. Johnson, who on examination, found many errors. In the afternoon went to Brantford and saw Mr. Lugger, the Church Missionary. A number of the Mohawk Methodists were assembled to have an audience with him. The substance of what they had to say was as follows: William Doxstader, the exhorter, informed Mr. Lugger that the object of their coming was to enquire whether he would allow them the privilege of holding meetings in the Mohawk church, provided they granted him similar liberty to preach at the Salt Spring?. Mr. L. replied that he had no objection to their attending his Church whenever there was Divine service, but that he could not suffer them to preach or hold their own meetings in his church or school houses, as he considered them unqualified to preach, and consequently in danger of spreading erroneous doctrines, and causing enthusiasm and wild-fire, &c. W. D. answered that since he had known what religion was in his heart, he had felt it his duty to warn his native brethren to flee the wrath to come, and invite them to the Saviour of sinners; and as he did not fear man, he should still strive to discharge his duty to God in the way he thought would be most pleasing to him and for the good of his people." After much discussion on both sides, they parted with this resolution, that each should keep to their own ranks and not interfere with the other party. I advised the Methodist Indians to be careful not to speak evil of the Church of England, but go peaceably on in the way they thought right, and rejoice if the Church of England minister did any good amongst the Indians. They appeared to approve of my advice, and we parted. I stayed all night at Mr. J. Applemans.
Thursday 6th. — Spent most of the day at the Mission house, Upper Mohawks, examining with Mr. S. C. and G. T., the Mohawk translations, and reporting by letter the errors to the Rev. Dr. Bangs, of New York, by the request of Elder Case. The society at Salt Springs is prospering finely, amounting at the present time to sixty members; who have abandoned ardent spirits, and are now a praying people. The work at the Upper Mission continues about the same. Schools are doing well, except at Davisville.
Friday 7th. — Set off this morning with my two comrades from the Credit, and George Henry from the Grand River. Preached in Oxford this evening to a small attentive congregation in Esquire Ingersol's school house, from Acts xiii. 41. Great attention was paid. G. Henry related his experience in English, P. Beaver in Indian, and W. Jackson closed by prayer.
Saturday 8th. — Travelled this day about 34 miles to the township of London, where a few Chippeways were encamped. Much fatigued with the journey.
Sunday 9th. — This morning we visited the Indians at their camps; there were seven adults and a few children. The men were Caleb (chief of the Sawble River Indians,) John Mundway and Thomas Smith. After collecting them together, Bro. P. Beaver told them the object of our visit, and hoped they would pay attention to our message. I then addressed them in substance as follows. That having lately found the Great Spirit and his blessed religion, we felt an anxious desire that all our brethren should participate in the same blessings, and with these feelings of love and pity for them, we had come to tell them the words of the Great Spirit. I then gave them an account of the creation of man in a state of purity, of his fall, and recovery through the death and sufferings of Jesus Christ. I also gave them a short account of the conversion of our Indian brethren at the River Credit, Lake Simcoe, Rice Lake, and Belleville. Brother P. B. then rose, and said that what I had told them was truth, which he knew by experience since he had become a christian. He told them it was about a year ago since he first heard the word of the Great Spirit and was made acquainted with the love of Jesus in his heart; that since then he had forsaken his drunkenness, and never tasted one drop; that he had thrown away all his magical apparatus, being convinced that it was not right in the sight of God to practice such arts. "O how thankful I am," said he, "that I found the Great Spirit in my heart! Oh! that all my relations and friends would receive the same blessing." Brother W. J. then rose and bore testimony to the truths of the christian religion. Brother G. H. also spoke at some length, and in a feeling manner, he told them the many prejudices they had against the christian religion, before they knew what it was, and felt the blessings of it in their hearts. Caleb, the Chief, then made the following reply: "Brothers, we do not feel at liberty to give an answer at present as to whether we will become Christians or not, but we will leave it with our Chiefs at Oduhmekoo's Camp, to say whether they will receive the white man's religion or not, and whatever they say we will do." Thomas Smith made some objections by saying, that the Great Spirit made the Indian and the white man; that he gave the white man his religion written in a book, and the Indian his way of worship, but not written in a book, consequently God did not design that they should worship alike. I answered his objections by saying, that I could read the good book he spoke of, and that in it there was no particular mention made of any nation who should become Christians, but that it commanded every nation to receive the Christian religion, and that God would not cast away any that came to him. After this he appeared thoughtful, and his prejudices seemed to give away. At 2, p. m., I preached to the white people in the neighbourhood on the fall and redemption of man. Some of the Indians being present, G. Henry exhorted them, and told his Christian experience in English; after singing. P. Beaver closed, by prayer. The congregation appeared much affected, and tears flowed plentifully. In the evening I held a prayer meeting at Mr. Ferguson's, the place of my lodgings.
Monday 10th. — I started this day for Munceytown, and arrived at Mr. J. Carey's about 3 o'clock. Found some of the Muncey and Chippeway Chiefs assembled in Council; when they got through their business, I made known to them the object of our visit, which was interpreted by young Oduhmekoo to the Munceys in their language. A Muncey Chief, named Captain Snake, rose and said, "I am glad to see my grandchildren, who have come to tell us about the Great Spirit, who is the father of us all; we shall consider what you say." He concluded by giving us the token of peace or salutation. We were also informed that the Muncey and Chippeway Chiefs would hold a council in a few weeks, when they would give us an answer to our proposals.
Wednesday 12th. — After breakfast we started to visit the Indians in their sugar camps. I sent my three comrades towards the south, while brother Carey and I went up the river. We first visited Westbrook, a Muncey Chief, with whom we conversed a little about religion; he seemed well pleased with our talk. We then went to G. Turkey's, a convert to the christian faith. In the afternoon we visited Lower Muncey, and fell in with the rest of our party. Old Oduhmekoo told me as we were about leaving them that he had informed P. Beaver of all that he could say at present, the substance of which was, that the Chippeway Chiefs had held a council some time ago, when he took the opportunity of mentioning to them the probability of some christian Indians visiting them, and he advised them to receive them in a friendly manner, and listen to what they had to say, but not to give them any answer until they held a general council and laid the subject before their father, Col. Givins; and should he think it best for us to become christians, we think we shall take his advice, and then we can learn to pray. He also requested me to accompany the Chiefs to York, as they would start about the time I should return home. By what this Chief said, we saw plainly we could do no more at present than endeavour to enlighten their minds, and thus prepare them for the reception of Christianity. Saw a Muncey who died yesterday from a wound he received in his forehead by firing off an old gun, the breach-pin of which flew out and struck him. It was reported that he was drunk when he fired off the gun, which will account for his want of care, and the sad consequences that followed. Oh! the ruining effects of Ishkodawahboo! God grant that these poor Indians may see the dreadful consequences of drunkenness!
Thursday 13th. — Peter Beaver and I visited Lower Muncey this morning in hopes of talking to some of the Indians about religion. We found, alas! many of them drunk, and as it was no use to talk to drunken people, we returned to Brother Carey's. My soul agonized in prayer for them. When will this blind people see their wretchedness, and flee to Mount Zion for refuge?
Sunday 16th. — About noon the Munceys and Ojebways assembled in number about 30, when I endeavoured to explain to them the leading doctrines of our holy religion. P. Beaver then gave an account of his conversion, telling them how he found the Great Spirit, when he immediately renounced his magical arts and drunkenness, and was now determined to be a christian as long as he lived. Brother W. Jackson also spoke to them on the necessity of becoming christians. They paid great attention, and many of them wept much. In the afternoon we had a prayer meeting, and in the evening Westbrook and Rufus Turkey prayed with great fervour. Thus we concluded this day's services with feelings of gratitude to Almighty God for inclining our brethren to attend Divine worship. May God bring them to the knowledge of the truth as it is in Jesus! Amen.
Monday 17th. — This morning my comrades started with me to visit the Ojebways down the river. We arrived at Otomekoos' camp about 3, p. m. We visited them in their sugar camps, and collected a few of them at John Chief's camp. When I told them the purport of my visit, they listened attentively, but replied that they could not give any answer at present, as they had agreed already that none of them should accept Christianity unless it was sanctioned by a general council. We took up our lodgings for the night in a small shanty, and after supping on roasted corn, commended ourselves to the protection of Almighty God, and, wrapped in our great coats, laid down and slept.
Tuesday 18th. — Started for Moravian Town, about 22 miles distant. In the afternoon we happened to arrive where there was a Methodist meeting being held. The Rev. Mr. Ferguson was appointed to preach, but he requesting me to take his place, I spoke from Luke xix. 10. George Henry related his conversion in English, P. B. in Indian, the substance of which I translated for him. Brother F. also exhorted, and we found it good to be there. At the conclusion I walked four miles further with Brother F., and preached in the evening to a small congregation, who paid great attention.
Wednesday 19th. — About noon we reached Moravian Town, a little village composed of rude log huts, without any regular form. We were conducted to the house of the Missionaries, the Revs. Mr. Lukenbaugh and Mr. Haman, who were just preparing for a funeral service, consequently I was disappointed in my expectation of preaching to these people; however, when Mr. L. concluded his discourse, he gave me the privilege of making a few remarks; I spoke in English through an interpreter. They not only listened attentively, but I was delighted with the solemnity of their behaviour. I could not understand Mr. L's discourse, being in the Delaware language, neither could I tell when he prayed, read, or preached, as he went through the whole sitting. The number that attended was about a hundred. The body of Indians located at this place is about two hundred. The Moravian Missionaries have been labouring among this people for a number of years, with very little success, either in civilizing or christianizing them: they are much given to intemperance, which is a great barrier to improvement. I can but admire the patient perseverance of these self-denying men, who keep up their Missions from one year to another, through discouragements and oppositions of every kind. After taking some refreshment I parted with my comrades, who wished to return to the Credit. Brother F. and I went about seven miles down the river, over beautiful flats. I preached in the evening to a small congregation of whites, from 1 John i. 8, 9.
Thursday 20th. — Hearing of some Chippeways living at Bear River, north of the River Thames, I accompanied Bro. F. to that place. On our arrival we saw some Indian boys, and from them learned that several of the Indians were encamped across the river. We accordingly went, and, after the usual salutations, I introduced myself to the head Chief of the tribe, whose name is Kanootong, and told him the object of my visit to my native brethren in this part of the country, and requested him to call his people together, as I was anxious to inform them about the Christian religion. A runner was immediately sent, and in a few minutes about a dozen collected. The substance of my discourse was as follows: — 1st. I made known to them the words of the Great Spirit, concerning the depravity and miserable condition of man by nature; and 2nd. The mercy of God in sending his Son into the world, to make people good, wise, and happy, both in this world and the world to come. I then related to them the conversion of the Indians at the Credit. Belleville, Rice Lake, and Lake Simcoe. I told them how they had forsaken their destroyer, the fire-waters, so that now, instead of getting drunk, quarrelling, and fighting; they loved the Great Spirit, and one another, and prospered in many things. I also informed them that our father, the Governor, had built us a village at the Credit, where our people and their children could live comfortably. After a short pause Kanootong made the following objections: "Brother — I am glad to see you and hear from your people, but with respect to Indians becoming Christians, I cannot think it right; for when the Great Spirit made the white man and the Indian, he did not make them of one colour, and therefore did not design them to worship in the same way; for he placed the white man across the great waters, and there gave him his religion written in a book; he also made the white man to cultivate the earth, and raise cattle, &c. ; but when the Great Spirit made the Indian, he placed him in this country, and gave him his way of worship written in his heart, which has been handed down from one generation to another; for his subsistence, he gave him the wild beasts of the forest, the fowls that fly in the air, the fish that swim in the waters, and the corn for his bread; and, before the white man came to this country the Indian did not know the use of iron, but for an axe he used a stone sharpened at one end, tied to a split stick; with this he cut his wood; and for his hoe he split the limb of a tree; he had also stone pots to cook with; these things answered his purpose, and he was contented and happy. Now I suppose if the Great Spirit had intended the Indian to worship like the white man he would have made him white instead of red, &c. Our forefathers have told us that when an Indian dies, his spirit goes to a place brepared for him towards the sun-setting, where Indians dwell for ever in dancing and feasting; and should I become a Christian and throw away the religion of my fathers, I am not sure that the Great Spirit would receive me into heaven. And how should I look after worshipping like the white man? Perhaps when I come to die my soul might go up to heaven, and the Great Spirit would ask me, "What have you come up here for, you Indian? This is not your place; you must go where your forefathers have gone; this place is only made for white people, not for Indians, therefore begone." How foolish then should I look to be driven from heaven; therefore I think I cannot become a Christian, and throw away my old ways; and, more than this, I do not see that the white men who are christians are any better than the red men, for they make fire-waters, get drunk, quarrel, fight, murder, steal, lie, and cheat. Now when the Indian gets drunk he sometimes quarrels and fights, but never when he is sober; but I have seen white men fight when they are sober, and go from their meeting-house straight to the tavern; so that I do not desire the white man's religion, neither do I think that I should be able to forsake the sins which I have already committed." In answer to these arguments, I told him that the good book said there was only one way to worship God, and that the Great Spirit required all nations to believe and accept the offers of salvation. I also informed him that we once had the same prejudices to overcome, but that since we had commenced praying to the Great Spirit we had found Him to be the Indian's as well as the white man's God. I also told him what he said concerning the bad white man was too true, but informed him that all white people were not true christians, &c., because they did not obey the words of the Great Spirit — but that the good christians who kept the commands of God in their hearts, did not deal in the Fire-waters, neither drank them. To this he merely replied that he thought he could not become a christian. In the evening I endeavoured to preach to a congregation of whites from Luke xii. 31. and Mr. F. exhorted, and there was great attention during the service.
Saturday 22nd. — Visited some Indians and collected a few of them together, to whom I declared the words of eternal life; they were attentive, but made no reply. On visiting one of the wigwams, we found them engaged in partaking of a feast of corn soup. After the soup was dealt out to each individual, an old man commenced praying to the Munedoo (or Spirit,) thanking him for preserving their lives, and supplying their wants. He then prayed that the blessing of the Munedoo might rest on the family who made the feast, and on all their concerns. This Indian spoke fluently, and gave evidence of a man of great natural talents.
Sunday 23rd. — At 11 o'clock, I endeavoured to preach to the whites, from Heb. ii. 3, and at the close of the sermon, I gave them a general account of the reformation of the natives of the forest. In the evening, Brother F. preached at the Scotch settlement, four miles from Beldoon, after which I exhorted.
Monday 24th. — Left Beldoon this morning, and returned the same way, visiting some of the Indians in their sugar camps, about six miles from the mouth of the Bear Creek. After gaining the attention of two of the principal Chiefs of this body of Indians. I related to them the object of my visit, giving them a general account of the conversion of the Indians at the River Credit. I told them the articles of the christian's faith, and some leading doctrines in the christian's religion. They paid attention while I spoke, and at the conclusion, old Chief Yellowbird said that he could not give me an answer at present, as they would wish to consider the subject, and lay it before a general council of all the Chiefs, and if it was the desire of all the Chiefs, or the majority of them, they would be willing to be instructed in Christianity. But he also added, "We are so wicked and so given to intemperance, he thought it would be impossible for them to become good." I took this opportunity to tell him of the former condition of the Indians about the Credit; how wretched and miserable they had been before they turned, but that since they began to pray to the Great Spirit, they had been enabled to forsake their drunkenness as well as all their wicked ways; and that now they could testify from experience that Kezhamunedoo was reconciled to them through the merits of his Son Jesus Christ. He appeared amazed at this, and said it was wonderful news.
Tuesday 25th. — About 9 o'clock this morning, we visited the same Indians whom we endeavoured to instruct last Saturday. I spoke to them again on the same subject, and they were very attentive, making no objections to anything I said. I was informed that on our arrival in their neighbourhood last Friday, they were much frightened on account of some wicked white people telling them that the devil had ccme into their settlement, and was making great havoc among their people and destroying their children. Every man, woman, and child was up all night prepared to fight the devil on his approach. Thus are these ignorant people frequently scared by the evil, designing reports of their wicked neighbours. At 2 o'clock I preached to the white people from Mat. xi. 28.
Thursday 27th. — Rode from Brother Messmore's to the neighbourhood of Brother Dolson's, the Muncey Indian. Visited some Indians in their sugar camps, but finding them somewhat intoxicated, I did not say much to them; for it is useless to try and reason with Indians or whites on any subject when in this state. In the evening I preached at the meeting house in the neighbourhood, from Luke xii. 33. Many attended and paid great attention, and I hope some good was the result.
Good Friday 28th. — Left Brother Dolson's this morning for Maiden, after parting from Brother Ferguson, with whom I had travelled ten days on his circuit, and been much benefitted by his conversation. Blessed be God for Christian friends! Passed the mouth of the River Thames over low marshy hinds, abounding with ducks. This part of the country, along the shore of the Lake St. Clair, is principally settled with Canadians or French. It is a fine soil, but very low, and many parts of it are covered with water. I stopped for the night at a Frenchman's, who was a Catholic, about ten miles from Sandwich. He appeared very distant at first, but when he found out that I spoke the Chippeway language, he became very sociable. Most of the French settlers understand the Chippeway. In the evening this man gave me a basin of soup, and said, "This is our religion; we don't eat meat:" but on tasting it, I found plenty of fat in it.
Saturday 29th. — Passed through Sandwich this morning, which lies opposite Detroit. Took my breakfast at Mr. Murphy's, who rejoiced much to hear of the conversion of the Indians. Rode through the Indian settlement of the Wyandots or Hurons, but saw only a few of them, as they were absent at their sugar camps. Called on Mr. Ironside, the Indian Agent, at Maiden, and talked with him on the subject of christianizing the Indians. He said he would do all in his power to recommend the christian religion, as he was anxious for their prosperity, Rode two miles below the town to Mr. Girty's for the night.
Easter Sunday, 30th. — Went to Maiden, where I attended the Roman Catholic Church for the first time. On entering, the first thing that struck me was the singular appearance of the priest and his attendants. He was dressed in a white robe, with a mantle of silk of many colours over his shoulder; he held on his left arm a silk bag. His attendants were all dressed in white, holding branches of cedar boughs, decorated with many flowers. They then marched round the altar, bowing every now and then to the priest, who talked in an unknown tongue to me. Before the priest took the sacrament, one of his attendants burned something at the altar which raised a great smoke; he then took the sacrament, the people all kneeling, and little boys holding up his gown, and ringing little bells. After which a basket of bread was handed through the congregation, each person taking a piece. They went through many other forms; but this kind of worship appeared to me more like outward show, than the real spiritual adoration which God requires. The singing was very melodious, and the congregation solemn.
Monday 31st. — Visited some of the Wyandot Indians, but found only a few of them at home. From these I learned, that the number of families residing at this place was only 20, most of whom attended the Roman Catholic Church. About twenty belong to the Methodist Society, and meet every Sunday for religious instruction. They have no school amongst them at present. I sung and prayed with every family I visited.
Tuesday, April 1st. — Rode up to Sandwich, and called on Lawyer Wood. This gentleman is in the last stage of consumption; he appears to have a prospect of eternal glory beyond this vale of tears; prayed with him, and left an appointment to preach at the Court House to-morrow. Crossed over to Detroit, and spent the afternoon in viewing the place. There are many fine buildings, and four churches, — the Episcopal, the Roman Catholic, (a huge stone building) the Presbyterian, and the Methodist Churches. In the evening I heard a Presbyterian minister, who, after he concluded, kindly requested me to make a few remarks, which I did by giving the people an account of the work of God amongst the natives. Stopped all night with Brother Dean, who was very kind to me.
Wednesday 2nd. — Visited Lawyer Wood again. In the evening preached at the Court House. A number attended, who paid great attention.
Thursday 3rd. — This morning had an interview with the the Rev. Mr. Boswell, a clergyman of the Church of England: he was friendly, and of liberal sentiments. Rode from Sandwich to the River Thames — 45 miles.
Friday 4th. — Went several miles up the river, and towards evening met my respected friend, the Rev. E. Stoney, at a preaching appointment. Mr. S. was the first Methodist minister who preached at Davisville, in the year 1823, when the good work began amongst the Mohawks; and he laboured hard and fervently for me at the time of my conversion. My soul rejoiced to meet the man whom I consider my spiritual father. I preached in his stead to a few attentive people. May God bless the word!
Saturday 5th. — On my journey up the river I stopped for a few hours at the Moravian Mission, and found them preparing for a love feast. The Rev. Mr. Lukenoaugh, their Missionary, commenced by a short address in the Delaware, after which he gave out some hymns in the Indian, which they sang. Two men and two women then went out, and soon returned, bringing with them two baskets full of dumplings, made of Indian meal and beans, giving one to each person; when this was done, they brought in cups of coffee, which were handed round in the same manner. The old people appeared very serious, but some of the young ones were rather light and trifling. Before the meeting closed, Mr. L. gave me liberty to speak to his people, which I did for about fifteen minutes through an interpreter. They were much affected while I talked and prayed with them; and after the meeting was over, a very old Delaware embraced me, saying in the Chippeway tongue — "We rejoice much to hear what the Good Spirit is doing for your people. All our men and women join in sending their christian love to them; for we are all serving one Saviour, who died for all nations."
Sunday 6th. — Preached at 11 o'clock in Mr. Neal's house, from Matt. vii. 33, to an attentive congregation. In the afternoon preached again several miles distant at the house of Mr. Ward, on the resurrection of our Lord. The people gave good heed to the word, and I hope some were pricked to the heart.
Tuesday 8th. — Accompanied Brother J. Carey to Lower Muncey to see some of the Indians. Otomekoo called the Muncey Chiefs together, and several of his own people, for the purpose of hearing a letter read from Mr. Ironsides, Indian Agent, at Amherstburgh. When they got through this business, I asked liberty to speak to them on the Christian religion, which after consulting amongst themselves for a short time, they granted me. When I had spoken about half an hour, old Snake (a Muncey Chief) rose up and said he did not feel disposed to alter his way of worship, but to continue in the way the Good Spirit had appointed. He then spoke to his own people for then told his mind and his way of worship, and concluded by some time, and concluded by the token of peace. Old Otomekoo saying, "I am not inclined to change my way of worship." We then asked them whether they were opposed to having their children taught to read and write? They replied they were not; but on the contrary should like them taught as the white people.
Friday, 11th. — Arrived at my father's in the afternoon, and found all well. I was enabled to bless the name of my God, who has protected me through my tour, and brought me home to see my relatives in health and peace.
Saturday 12th. — Visited Davisville and the school there. Mr. Crawford had about ten scholars; some could read pretty well. We went to see widow Mary Nicholas, one of the Messissauga sisters, who is very ill with inflammation on the lungs. We sang and prayed with her; she appeared resigned to the will of God, and happy in her soul. Returned to father's for the night.
Sunday 13th. — At 11 o'clock I preached at the Mission House, Upper Mohawk village, from Heb. ii. 3. Brother Davis gave an exhortation in the Mohawk language.
After public service I met the Society in class, in number about twenty. They spoke very feelingly of the goodness of God to them, and of their determination to persevere in the service of their heavenly Master. It was a good time to our souls, and I blessed God for it. In the afternoon I preached at my father's to a few of the neighbours, from Acts xvi. 30, 31. My body was much exhaused with the labours of the day, but my soul rejoiced in the God of all my mercies.
Monday 14th. — Rode to Salt Springs to attend a Sacramental Meeting, held by the Rev. J. Ryerson. About noon the Elder preached to a crowded congregation principally composed of Mohawks and Oneidas. After the sermon, he called on me to speak a few words. Brothers R. Corson, W. Doxtader, and Thos. Davis also exhorted. The communion of the Lord's Supper was then administered to about forty-seven Indians; and never did I witness a congregation more solemn and devout than these newly converted Indians; some were so full of the love of God, that with streaming, uplifted eyes they shouted aloud and praised God for all his mercies. The ordinance of baptism was then administered to two native children. Left in company with Elder Ryerson for the head of the Lake or Stoney Creek — stayed the night at Mr. E. Bunnell's. Wednesday 16th. — Arrived at the Credit village about dusk, and found most of the Indians well. During my absence two of our sisters had fallen asleep in Jesus. One was our faithful sister Mary Rykeman, and the other the oldest person amongst us, Margaret Ball. They both gave bright evidence of their acceptance with God, and died in full assurance of an inheritance incorruptible, and a crown of glory beyond the grave.
Thursday 17th. — Attended prayer meeting this evening; the Rev. Mr. Slater presided; tolerably good time. Blessed be Grd for any tokens of his love and favour.
Saturday 19th. — Assisted my brother John in laying out village lots.
Sunday 20th. — Attended prayer meeting in the morning, and Sabbath school at 9; about 55 scholars present: at 11 o'clock, public preaching by the Rev. J. Richardson, from Rom. xii. 12, I gave the substance of the discourse in Indian. At 4, p. m., I addressed the congregation by first giving them a short account of my tour to the west, and the message of the Moravian Indians. I then endeavoured to preach from Rev. xiv. 13, when I referred to the happy deaths of our two sisters, Mary Rykeman and Margaret Ball, who had died during my absence. It was a solemn, melting time.
Tuesday 22nd, — This morning we held a meeting with the men to take into consideration what improvements we could make in our public works. I endeavoured to show them the necessity of being industrious and helping each other. My brother John, J. Sawyer, and old Chief Ajitance, spoke to the same effect, and our people appeared convinced of the truth of what we said. J. Sawyer was appointed overseer of public works and roads. I assisted my brother John in surveying out the village lots.
Wednesday 23rd. — Started for Schoogog Lake; called on Colonel Givins, and had some talk with him about our Indian affairs. He appeared interested for the prosperity of the Indians. Spent the night at Dr. Morrison's.
Thursday 24th. — This morning I met with the Rev. Mr. Scott, a Baptist Minister, and an Agent for the New England Church Missionary Society. He informed me he had commenced a school at Schoogog Lake, and was employing Mr. Hurd as a Teacher. He also said that as the Indians had become Methodists, he would not interfere with our proceedings, as his main object was to assist them in their temporal concerns. Remained the day and night with this gentleman, as we intended travelling together the next morning.
Saturday 26th. — Arrived at Mr. Hurd's, about a mile and a half from Schoogog Lake, where the Indians were encamped. After taking some refreshment we went to their camp. The Indians appeared very glad to see me, and after a hearty shake of the hand the horn was sounded to give notice of a meeting. We then proceeded to the Indian chapel, and commenced the worship of God by singing and prayer. I then spoke to them on the goodness of God in sparing our lives, and delivering us from so many dangers to which we had been exposed during our absence from each other. The congregation, in number about 100, were much affected; some fell to the ground, and many shouted. I then called on Brother C. Goose (an Indian), to exhort, which he did very much to the purpose. He likewise gave me an account of their faithfulness in serving God, and faith in Jesus Christ. The Schoogog and Mud Lake Indians are nearly all here, where they intend planting the ensuing summer. The school is at present closed on account of the illness of the teacher, Mr. Aaron Hurd: lodged at Mr. Hurd's.
Sunday 27th. — Preached to the Indians in the forenoon; two or three of the brethren exhorted. A very good time. At 1 o'clock I preached to the white people, in Widow Baton's barn, from Acts xvi. 30, 31 — giving the Indians the substance. The people bestowed good attention. Towards evening we held another meeting in the form of a love feast, with the natives. A time of rejoicing; I was much overcome with the labours of the day.
Monday 28th. — In the forenoon held a meeting with the leaders to inquire into the state of the Society — found that with the exception of two or three, the rest of the brethren had been faithful in the service of the Lord. In the afternoon explained the rules of the Methodist Discipline to them, and the necessity of observing these rules. At the same time I reminded the leaders of their duty, and the high responsibility they owed to God and their brethren.
Monday 29th. — At 10 o'clock held a meeting; one of the brethren repeated the Ten Commandments, and the congregation responded after him. I then explained the nature and design of these Commandments. We then went through the Lord's Prayer in the same manner. The power of the Lord descended on us, and there was a great shout in the camp. In the afternoon I held another meeting with them, and the good Lord was present to bless us. At this meeting the Indian brethren proposed to make up a small contribution for me. I told them that in coming amongst them it was not my desire to take their money, but to teach them the words of the Great Spirit, that they might be good and happy in this world, and in that which is to come; but if they felt it their duty, they might throw in a very trifling sum, as they were poor and needed all they had for their families. The amount contributed was about $17, which they gave with liberal, grateful hearts.
Tuesday 30th. — Accompanied two of the Indian brethren to see an island near a point of land, where some of the brethren desired to settle: we paddled our birch canoe about 12 miles before reaching it. On examination I found the soil excellent, and the site beautiful. The only objection seemed to be that as it was situated on the north side of the lake, it would be difficult at all times to get to it — arrived home about sun set, after paddling more than twenty miles, very much fatigued. The Schoogog Indians have no reserves of lands, and are consequently wholly dependent on Government or some benevolent Society for a grant. Now, instead of Government applying to the original proprietors of the soil for land, they (the natives) have to pray to their great father the King for a place to lay their bones in.
Wednesday, May 1st. — Mr. Hurd and I visited the Indians early this morning. After assembling the men, we talked to them on several subjects relative to their temporal concerns. We advised them to commence immediately and clear a piece of ground, and begin planting and making a garden. They agreed unanimously, and for their encouragement we promised them some seed potatoes, &c. About 10, a. m., I assembled them all at the basswood Chapel. I then regulated their classes, and admitted 38 into society. I was careful to inquire into the character of each individual. Settled some existing differences, and got an old Indian who had two wives, to consent to leave one. Admitted into society the two oldest Indians, (a man and his wife) I ever saw. The man was quite bald, the first bald-headed Indian I have ever seen. I should take them to be more than a hundred years old. On asking the old man the state of his mind, he said, "The Great Spirit has given me a great many days; I have always remembered the Great Spirit all the days of my past life, and now I rejoice to see our grand-children and great grand-children worship our Great Father in heaven." While the old man uttered these words, the old woman praised the Lord aloud. These aged persons put me in mind of our first parents, and good old Simeon and Anna. We baptized them by the names of Adam and Eve. After this I proceeded to instruct them on various subjects; and endeavoured to rectify a false notion they had received from old Johnson, who made many of them believe he had received personal instructions from the Great Spirit, and that Munedoo had told him that Indians should never eat mutton, bacon, otter, and other meat. When I told them that there was no harm in eating any of the good things which God had given man, they were highly delighted, and said they had been a long time wishing to know the truth of this, and that now they were satisfied. Many other of Johnson's instructions were in accordance with the Bible. I cautioned them against trusting to dreams or visions for fear of being led into error and superstition; and reminded them that God had revealed his will clearly in the Bible, from whence we must derive all our religious knowledge and rule for our conduct. After solemnly exhorting them to remain faithful, I bade them farewell, commending them to the blessing and protection of Almighty God. About 3, p. m., I left Mr. Hurd's for the Rice Lake.
Thursday 2nd. — Met Mr. Scott in Whitby this morning. He intends visiting the Schoogog Indians next Monday, and will then provide them with hoes, axes, and seed. He is also to engage a female teacher, as the school, which numbers sixty, is too large for one teacher. We hope great advantage will arise from having a female, as it will enable the women and girls to learn to sew, knit, &c. They are very anxious to be instructed in the habits of the white women. Rode to Mr. Varley's, where I remained the night.
Friday 3rd. — Arrived at the Rice Lake in the afternoon; and found the Indians in a pretty good state, and Bro. Biggar quite well. On my arrival at the school house, they all flocked in to shake hands, and thank God that we were spared to see each other again. I spoke a few words to them on the goodness of the Great Spirit in preserving our lives, and protecting us from the power of Muchemunedoo: we then sung a hymn and prayed. Mr. J. S., the Great Indian trader, was amongst the Indians when I arrived, and I was informed that he raged like a devil because he could not cheat them as formerly, when in their drunken state, and that he abused Brother Biggar for taking their part. The Indians had only returned from their hunting a few days before I arrived, and I was happy to learn that, with very few exceptions, they had been quite faithful in their religious services and conduct: this news made my heart very glad.
Sunday 4th. — In the morning held a prayer meeting. — a good time; blessed be God. Sabbath school at 9; about sixty scholars present. Since I was here last winter they have made considerable progress. I gave them some advice, which they listened to attentively. At 11, a. m., public service, when I endeavoured to preach from Mark xii. 29, 31; when I finished, Brother George Pahtosh, the head Chief of this tribe, exhorted with great energy; Brothers John Crane and Wm. Jackson, from the Credit, also spoke. The meeting closed by prayer, when the people gave vent to their feelings by praising God aloud. In the afternoon we had a meeting with the class leaders, and enquired separately into the state of each class. All appear to be very faithful in serving the Lord. Before concluding I exhorted the leaders to keep good watch over their flocks, so that no evil came amongst them; showed them the necessity of leading holy lives themselves, so as to set a good example before them, and then their instructions would be more powerful. They seemed to feel what was said, and I hope the labour was not in vain. Towards evening we held a love feast. After dark we heard the Indian brethren at their devotions; the night was serene and beautiful; they were only a short distance off — as they sang the high praises of Jehovah, the sounds vibrated with charming effect upon my own mind; and when in solemn accents they addressed a throne of Grace, it was enough to melt the most stubborn heart into tenderness. The time, thought I, is come, when "the solitary places are made glad for them, and the wilderness buds and blossoms as the rose." O ye ends of the earth praise the Lord!
Tuesday 6th. — Went across the lake to Capt. Anderson's and had some talk with him about the Indians. He appears anxious that they should locate in a situation where they could plant, &c. About noon I returned to the camps, and after collecting them together, I spoke to them on the beatitudes, from Matt. v. 2, 16. We had a solemn time. After commending them to the care of the Great Shepherd, I bid them farewell. During my stay with these devoted people, I was much strengthened in faith, and took courage from what I had seen and heard of the wonderful works of God amongst them.
Thursday 8th. — Arrived at Grape Island Mission about 10, a. m. Men, women, and children, met me at the shore to shake hands with a hearty welcome. Brother Waldron and his family, the Missionaries at this place, were all well, and as much in the spirit of their work as ever. Visited the school taught by sister Waldron — thirty-five children present, of whom seven read the Testament; nine easy lessons; six spell in three syllables; six in two syllables; seven are in the alphabet and abs. Some of the Testament class are learning to write. They listened attentively when I gave them some advice, and sung a hymn with so much sweetness and animation, it brought tears of joy from my eyes. Closed the school by a prayer of thanksgiving. In the evening we held a meeting, when I gave my brethren an account of my tour to the west. When describing to them the wretched condition of many of the Indians in those parts, their feelings of sympathy were greatly excited, and they joined in prayer for the conversion of their irreligious brethren.
Saturday 10th. — In the afternoon Brother John Sunday arrived. He has been absent some time on a tour with Elder Case to New York, Philadelphia, and other places. About dusk we met again, when I enforced on them the necessity of self-examination before approaching the table of the Lord, and explained to them the nature and design of the Holy Communion. Brother John Sunday then gave them an account of the many religious institutions and good people he had seen who prayed a great deal for the Indians, and were rejoiced to hear what the Lord was doing for them.
Sunday 11. — At sunrise we had rather a dull prayer meeting. At 11. a. m., public worship, when I endeavoured to give them an account of the antediluvians, and the history of the deluge. I then held a meeting with the class leaders, and was thankful to find their classes in a good state. When relating their own experience and the love of God to them, the power of the Most High descended in such a wonderful manner, it seemed as if the heavens poured down their blessings, and that we were indeed in the house of God, and at the gate of heaven. Our souls were full of joy and love; we were bathed in tears, and shouted aloud the high praises of our Redeemer. At 3 p. m., we had a Sabbath school of about forty scholars. Many read in the Testament, recited their Catechism, and portions of Scripture. These little lambs of the forest are hungering for instruction. In the evening we had a powerful prayer meeting, and many fell as if slain in battle. Oh! my soul praise the Lord!
Monday 12th. — About noon, Elder Case and two ladies from the States, Miss Barnes and Miss Hubbard, arrived. Before they landed, the Indians flocked to the bank to welcome them; but, being requested to assemble in the chapel, they returned thither and waited their arrival. Elder Case commenced by singing
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Tuesday 13th. — Sacramental meeting this day; love feast commenced about 9 and continued till after 10, a. m. The time was principally taken up by the brethren telling of the wonderful dealings of God to their souls. Sisters Waldron and Hubbard then addressed the Indians, and spoke with much energy and power, so that most were bathed in tears of gratitude. The communion was then administered to 79 natives, when Elder Case, who presided, spoke in his usual interesting manner. Prayer meeting in the evening, which was a precious time.
Wednesday 14th. — Assisted this morning in laying out gardens for the Indians, each family drawing a lot, that they might at once commence planting and sowing their seeds. Towards evening, at the request of Elder Case, the Indian sisters brought for our inspection the labour of their hands, which consisted principally of baskets and maple sugar. It was a most interesting sight. There were upwards of 100 baskets of all shapes, sizes, and colours, besides a number of mococks. At the conclusion, the ladies presented the women with a number of knitting needles and thimbles. The Indian females are in general very industrious.
Thursday 15th. — Employed the most of this day in showing the men how to make their gardens and plant their seeds.
Friday 10th. — About noon brother Case and I were ready to start for Hamilton, Rice Lake, &c. When bidding the brethren farewell, Brother Sunday said, "Brothers, we feel very thankful to you for your visit to tell us more about the words of the Great Spirit. We will always pray for you that the Great Spirit may help you to instruct our poor Indian brethren what they must do to be saved; and we hope you will never forget us in your prayers, and that you will visit us as often as you can, for we shall always be glad to see you. This is all. Go in peace."
Saturday 17th. — Arrived at Hamilton Chapel, near Cobourg, where the Quarterly Meeting for this circuit commenced at 2 o'clock, when Elder Case preached from Matt. v. 20. When he got through, he called on me to speak, which I endeavoured to do with much fear and trembling. I always feel it a much greater cross to speak to a white congregation than to my native brethren; because the white people having been brought up in a Gospel land, and enjoying so many privileges; and I often feel discouraged, lest my speaking to the white people should be altogether in vain. But, however, if by telling them my christian experience, I can at all induce them to be more engaged in the service of their Lord and Master, I am ready to to declare it.
Sunday 18th. — At half-past 8 the love feast commenced. The Spirit of the Lord appeared to be amongst the people, and my soul rejoiced while hearing my white brethren declare the wonderful dealings of God to them. When the love feast was concluded, the holy Sacrament was administered to a number of communicants by the Rev. Mr. Case and the Rev. E. Ryerson. After which Mr. Case preached from Matt, xxviii. 19. Mr, Blackstock, Mr. Burham, and Mr. Ryerson exhorted, and Mr. Phelps closed the service by prayer. At half-past 4 I heard Mr. Burham preach from these words: "Therefore, if any man be in Christ, he is a new creature." I then spoke a few words; also the Rev. H. Biggar. Monday 19th. — This morning we were visited by Mr. Scott, the Baptist minister, who proposes to assist the Rice Lake Indians in procuring lands from Government for them, and in building houses. Elder Case had much talk with him on the subject, and Mr. Scott declared, in the presence of a number of witnesses, that it was not his intention to interfere with the religious sentiments of the Indians, nor with the proceedings of the Methodists, wherever Christianity had been introduced amongst them. All he wished, was to better their temporal condition, by furnishing them with lands and houses; and that he would leave it with the Wesleyan Missionary Society to provide missionaries and school teachers. He then informed us that he had appointed to meet in council with the Chief's at Captain Anderson's, where he wished me to be present. We accordingly started with Mr. Biggar for the Rice Lake, and in the afternoon met the Chiefs and principal men in Council, when Mr. Scott made his proposals known to them. The Indians willingly accepted the offers, and expressed their thanks to him, and the company across the great waters, who had sent him, for their benevolent desires to assist the poor wandering Indians in bettering their condition. Peter Rice Lake, one of the Chiefs, rose and said, "Brother, I am happy to see you and hear your good words; we have been very anxious to settle down and enjoy the blessings of civilization, that our women and children may be made comfortable and happy; we are glad that you are willing to help us to build houses, and get oxen and farming utensils, for we are very poor and needy; but should we get this assistance we shall be better able to provide for our families the comforts of life. Brother, we are very happy to hear that you have not come to turn us from our way of worship, as we intend to serve the Great Spirit in the way we first found him." Mr. Scott gave the Indians to understand plainly that they might serve the Lord in the way they thought right. Captain Anderson, who was present, acted nobly on the occasion for the welfare of the Indians. In the evening returned to the Indian encampment, and held a meeting amongst them; discoursed on the parable of the lost sheep — Luke xv. — it was a precious time.
Tuesday 20th. — Preached to my brethren in the morning on the parable of the Ten Virgins, and Brother Wahson exhorted. About noon Elder Case and Mr. Benham arrived; the Indians were very glad to see the Elder, and as they shook hands many shed tears of joy. They first visited the schools, and were highly delighted with the improvement of the scholars. After this the Indians were summoned together for Divine worship, when Elder Case addressed them on various subjects which I interpreted for him. In the evening we had a prayer meeting.
Wednesday 21st. — At 8 a. m., we held a love feast, when many testified of the goodness of God, and expressed their determinations to persevere in the heavenly way. After an intermission of a few minutes I preached to my brethren. Brother Benham and Elder Case gave a few words of exhortation, after which the Elder proceeded to administer the holy communion of the Lord's Supper, of which 85 of the natives partook. The power of the Lord rested upon the assembly, and at the close of this service an overwhelming shower of Divine grace descended upon us, and there was a mighty shout in the house. Our presiding Elder was full of joy, and joined the Indians in their praises to God. Glory be to God for the blessing I received at this meeting! When ended, Elder Case, Mr. Biggar, Mr. Benham, and I, went and took dinner with the class leaders in the wigwam of Captain Pahtosh. In the afternoon the Indians again assembled, when Elder Case gave them some good advice respecting their temporal affairs.
Thursday 22nd. — In the morning we held a prayer meeting. After breakfast I got a number of the Indians to commence building a school house for females, as Elder Case had advised. It was built of barks laid upon poles. The women did their part in procuring the barks, and the men raised and covered it; it is 16 by 18 feet.
Sunday 25th. — In the morning we held a prayer meeting; at 9 attended the Sunday school; at noon I preached to them on the parable of the Sower — Matt. xiii. — two of the class leaders exhorted, and great attention was paid. I trust the seed sown may bring forth abundant fruit. At 4 o'clock we held a class meeting; Brother Allen Crow, a class leader, spoke to the sisters, while I spoke to the brothers. Many told their experience with tears, bespeaking the deep feeling of their hearts, and I trust it was a profitable meeting to us all. In the evening I spoke to them on the Commandments, particularly the fourth; Peter Rice Lake and J. Crow also addressed them. I could but admire the simplicity of these devoted people, whose hearts were melted into tenderness.
Monday 26th. — In the morning I met my Indian brethren, and gave them advice, on several subjects concerning their temporal prosperity. About noon, Elder Case arrived from Cavan Quarterly Meeting. After assembling the men he talked to them about their planting, &c.; he then spoke to the women and gave them good advice, telling them that a female teacher would be sent to instruct them in the domestic economy of a house, and various other duties. After exhorting both men and women to be faithful to the Lord, and commending them to his kind protection, we bad them farewell, bathed in tears.
Wednesday 28th. — Arrived at Mr. Hurd's, in Reach, a little before sun set, and went immediately to the Lake, where the Indians were encamped: on my arrival I found many of them engaged in prayer. After collecting them together, and shaking hands, and praising God for his providential care in bringing us once more to see each other, I told them what the arrangements would be for the next day, and that Elder Case would be with them and administer the Holy Communion; and when they heard this they rejoiced much.
Thursday 29th. — After breakfast we went to the Indian Camps. The Indian brethren flocked together to shake hands with the Elder. At the sound of the horn they all collected at the bass wood Chapel. Love feast commenced at 8, a. m. After love feast twenty-four received the ordinance of christian baptism, 12 of whom were adults; their names were as follow: — Abner Kurd, a white man; Old Johnson, aged 60; John Goose, aged 40; Sarah, his wife, aged 35: Adam, and Eve his wife, about 30 years old when Quebec was taken; Thomas Pigeon, aged 60; Susan, his wife, aged 40; Jacob, a son, aged 14; Mary, a daughter, 8; David, a son, 8 months; Anna York, aged 50; Mary, her daughter, 18; Anna Nashawash, aged 50; Lydia Pigeon, 6; Phoebe Pigeon, 1, daughters of John and Sarah Pigeon; Rachel Paske, aged 3 months; Sally Queenguish, aged 5 months; Ruth Johnson, aged 4 weeks, daughters of James and Caty Johnson; Simon Jack, aged 4 years; Martha and Mary Jack, twins, aged 6 months, children of Captain and Mary Jack; Jacob Kechequoke, aged 12 years; Peter Queenguish, aged 1 year, son of widow Queenguish. After the Elder had baptized the foregoing, he gave them some religious instruction, which I interpreted sentence by sentence. The Sacrament of the Lord's Supper was then administered to 59 natives. Many of the Indian women when at the table, were so overcome that they fell to the ground, giving vent to their feelings in shouts of praise. Before leaving them, Elder Case and I gave them some advice, and concluded by commending them to the protection and blessing of God. In the afternoon the Elder addressed the people in the white settlement, and baptized two children. I exhorted the Indians who were present, and bad them farewell. We then started on our journey to the Credit — slept at Brother More's, at Whitby.
Friday 30th. — We arrived at York towards night, and there met with the Rev. Wm. Ryerson, who had just returned from the General Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church of the United States. He brought very important and pleasing news with him relative to the Methodist Church in Upper Canada. He informed us that the General Conference had agreed to allow the Canada Conference to become an independent Church on friendly terms.
Saturday 31st. — Left York this morning for the Credit, where we arrived about the middle of the afternoon, We found the Indian brethren under great fears from having seen some unknown Indians or persons lurking about the village at night. They have been watching every night to apprehend them, but all in vain. It is my opinion, from what they tell me, that it is mere imagination, or the work of the devil, to disturb the peace of this people. About 4 o'clock Elder Case preached a sermon, the substance of which I interpreted, and then gave them a short account of my tour to the east. Our hearts got warm, and we had a good meeting.