Page:A Hebrew and English Lexicon (Brown-Driver-Briggs).djvu/42

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איל
אלון
18

in ceremony of ratification of covenant betw. י׳ & Abr. Gn 159 (J); in Abr.'s sacrif. Gn 2213.13 (E); Balaam's sacrif. Nu 231 + 5t. Nu 23 (JE); so in ritual (P), (a) in consecration ceremony of Aaron & his sons Ex 291 + 15 t. Ex 29 (א׳ מִלֻּאִים v22 cf. v26.27.31) Lv 82 + 8 t. Lv 8 (א׳ הַמִּלֻּאִים v22.29 א׳ הָעֹלָה v18); (b) in guilt-offering ( אָשָׁם) Lv 515.16.18.25 1921.22 cf. Ezr 1019 & א׳ הַכִּפֻּרִים Nu 58; (c) burnt-offering (עֹלָה) Lv 92 & Nu 156.11 & Ez 464.5.6.7.11, on day of atonement Lv 163.5, Pentecost 2318; (d) peace-offering (שְׁלָמִים) Lv 94.18.19; beginning of month Nu 2811.12.14 cf. 292.3; passover v19.20 cf. Ez 4523.24; day of firstfruits v27.28; in 7th month 298 + 18 t. Nu 29; (e) in law of Nazarite Nu 614.17.19; (f) in consecration of altar of tabernacle Nu 715 + 25 t. Nu7, cf. consecr. of Ezek.'s temple-altar Ez 4323.25; (g) more generally 1 S 1522 Is 111 Mi 67 Jb 428 ψ 6615, also Is 346 607; at bringing ark to Jerus. 1 Ch 1526; other occasions 2921 2 Ch 139 2921.22.32 Ezr 835; cf. fig. Je 5140 Ez 3918. 3. עֹרֹת אֵילִים מְאָדָּמִים rams' skins dyed red, of covering of tabernacle Ex 255 2614 357.23 3619 cf. 3934 (all P).

ii. אַ֫יִל n.[m.] projecting pillar or pilaster—א׳ abs. 1 K 631 (but v. infr.) cstr. id. Ez 4014 (but del. Co)16 (Co better אֵילָיו); אֵיל 413, אֵל 4048; pl. אֵילִים 4014 +; אֵילִם 4010; sf. אילו Kt 409 + 7 t.; אלו Kt 4029 + 2 t. Qr (in all) אֵילָיו, אֵלָיו; אֵלֵיהֵמָֿה 4016;—pilaster or projection in wall at each side of entrance (cf. BöProben, 302; NÄ 927), in Sol.'s temple 1 K 631 (BöNÄ 525 rds. אֵילָם), in Ezek.'s temple Ez 409.10 + 14 t. Ez 40.41 + 4014a Ew Hi Co אילם cf. GB; 4038 rd. אילם so Sm Co cf. G; 4014b Co del. א׳.

iii. [אַ֫יִל?] n.m. leader, chief (=ram, as leader of flock ? cf. Di Ex 1515 Ol§ 142 f LagBN 170 & v. Ez 3417)—cstr. אֵל Ez 3111; pl. cstr. אֵילֵי Ex 1515 Ez 1713 + 2 K 2415 Qr; (Kt אולי v. אוּל); אֵלֵי Ez 3221 (del. Co, v. G).—leader, chief א׳ מוֺאָב Ex 1515; א׳ הָאָרֶץ Ez 1713 2 K 2415 Qr; א׳ גּוֺיִם Ez 3111 (אֵלִים Jb 4117 v. sub אלה; perh. אֵלֵיהֶם Ez 3114 but cf. infr. iv איל & also אֶל Note 1).

iv. [אַ֫יִל?] n.m. terebinth (prob. as prominent, lofty tree, v. Di Gn 126 146)—cstr. אֵיל only n.pr. אֵיל פָּארָן vid. infr.; pl. אֵילִים Is 129; אֵלִים Is 575 cstr. אֵילֵי Is 613; sf. אֵלֵיהֶם Ez 3114 (>del. Co vid. V A).—terebinth (cf. אֵלָה); as marking idol-shrines Is 129 575 (so Che Di etc. > gods); fig. of ransomed ones of Zion אֵילֵי הַצֶּדֶק; perh. of haughty ones Ez 3114.

אֵיל פָּארָן n.pr.loc. (terebinth (or palm? v. Di) of Paran) town & harbour at head of Ælanitic Gulf Gn 146 (v. Di); = אֵלָה 3641; אֵילַת Dt 28 2 K 1422 166; אֵילוֺת 1 K 926 2 K 166; close to Ezion Geber (v. 133 עֶצְיוֺן גֶּבֶר).

[אֵילִים], alw. אֵילִם n.pr.loc. (= place of terebinths or other great trees, v. Di Gn 146 & Ex 1527 (12 fountains & 70 palms)) 2ud station of Isr. in desert after passing sea Ex 161.1 Nu 339.10; אֵי֫לִמָה Ex 1527 Nu 339; prob. = Wady Gharandel cf. RobBR i. 100, 105.

i. אֵלָה n.f. terebinth ( = אֵילָה (?) v. iv. איל > StaGesch. 455 wh. derives fr. אֵל = divine; but cf. ib. on lack of clear distinction betw. אֵלָה, אֵלוֺן & אַלּוֺן)—Gn 354 + 15 t. + אֵילָה Gn 4921 (for MT אַיָּלָה v. infr.)—terebinth = Pistacia terebinthus, Linn., a deciduous tree with pinnate leaves & red berries; occasional in Palestine; grows to great age; always of single tree; near Shechem Gn 354 (E) cf. †אַלָּה Jos 2426 (E, rd. אֵלָה ?), Ophrah Ju 611.19; in Jabesh 1 Ch 1012; tree in which Absalom was caught 2 S 189.9.10.14; v. also 1 K 1314 ; expressly of idol-shrine Ho 413 (|| אַלּוֺן, לִבְנֶה) Ez 613; as fading, withering, sim. of Judah Is 130; as hewn down, sim. id. 613 (|| אַלּוֺן); fig. of Naphtali אֵילָה שְׁלֻחָה Gn 4921 (G Ew Ol Di > MT אַיָּלָה hind q.v.) a slender terebinth, v. Di & cf. 11. אֵלָה; in topogr. designat. עֵמֶק הָא׳ 1 S 172.19 2110 (v. עֵמֶק).

ii. אֵלָה n.pr.m. (terebinth, cf. Gn 4921 sub I. אֵלָה) 1. a chief of Edom Gn 3641 = 1 Ch 152 ( = אֵילַת n.pr.loc. ? v. Di). 2. son of Baasha; reigned two years in Isr. 1 K 166.8.13.14. 3. father of Hoshea who was last king of Isr. 2 K 1530 171 181.9. 4. a son of Caleb 1 Ch 415.15. 5. a son of Uzzi 1 Ch 98.

i. אֵלֹון n.[f.] terebinth (= אֵלָה)א׳ cstr. Gn 126 + 4 t.; pl. cstr. אֵלוֺנֵי Gn 1318 + 3 t.—terebinth (or other tall tree, cf. infr. on 1 S 103 Ju 45), marking shrine, & hence used in topogr. designations; א׳ מוֺרֶה (teacher's terebinth) Gn 126 (v. Di) so Dt 1130; א׳ מְעוֺנְנִים (conjurors' tereb.) Ju 937; distinguished by owner or ruler א׳ מַמְרֵא Gn 1318 1413 181; by neighbouring town צענים(ב) Ju 411; cf. א׳ בְּצַעֲנַנִּים Jos 1933 (edd. אַלּוֺן, but v. Norzi Baer Di); א׳ מֻצָּב אֲשֶׁר בִּשְׁכֶם Ju 96 (cf. אֵלָה Gn 354); א׳ תָּבוֺר 1 S 103 rd. א׳ דְּבוֺרָה (& cf. אַלּוֺן בָּכוּת Gn 358, & תֹּמֶר דְּבוֺרָה Ju 45) cf. EwGesch. iii. 31 Th Di Gn 358 (v. also sub אַלּוֺן).