Page:A Hebrew and English Lexicon (Brown-Driver-Briggs).djvu/42

From Wikisource
Jump to: navigation, search
This page has been proofread, but needs to be validated.


in ceremony of ratification of covenant betw. י׳‎ & Abr. Gn 159 (J); in Abr.'s sacrif. Gn2213.13 (E); Balaam's sacrif. Nu231 + 5t. Nu23 (JE); so in ritual (P), (a) in consecration ceremony of Aaron & his sons Ex 291 + 15 t. Ex 29 (א׳ מִלֻּאִים‎ v22 cf. v26.27.31) Lv 82 + 8 t. Lv 8 (א׳ הַמִּלֻּאִים‎ v22.29 א׳ הָעֹלָה‎ v18); (b) in guilt-offering ( אָשָׁם‎) Lv 515.16.18.25 1921.22 cf. Ezr 1019 & א׳ הַכִּפֻּרִים‎ Nu 58; (c) burnt-offering (עֹלָה‎) Lv 92 & Nu 156.11 & Ez 464.5.6.7.11, on day of atonement Lv 163.5 , Pentecost 2318; (d) peace-offering (שְׁלָמִים‎) Lv 99.4.18; beginning of month Nu 2811.12.14 cf. 292.3.; passover v19.20 cf. Ez 4523.24; day of firstfruits v27.28; in 7th month 298 + 18 t. Nu 29; (e) in law of Nazarite Nu 614.17.19; (f) in consecration of altar of tabernacle Nu 715 + 25 t. Nu7, cf. consecr. of Ezek.'s temple-altar Ez 4323.25; (g) more generally 1 S 1522 Is 111 Mi 67 Jb 428 ψ 6615, also Is 346 607; at bringing ark to Jerus. 1 Ch 1526; other occasions 2921 2 Ch 139 2921.22.32 Ezr 835; cf. fig. Je 5140 Ez 3918. 3. עֹרֹת אֵילִים מְאָדָּמִיםrams' skins dyed red, of covering of tabernacle Ex 255 2614 357.23 3619 cf. 3934 (all P).

II. אַ֫יִל n.[m.] projecting pillar or pilasterא׳‎ abs. 1 K 631 (but v. infr.) cstr. id. Ez 4014 (but del. Co)16 (Co better אֵילָיו‎); אֵיל‎ 413, אֵל‎ 4048; pl. אֵילִים‎ 4014 +; אֵילִם‎ 4010; sf. אילו‎ Kt 409 + 7 t.; אלו‎ Kt 4029 + 2 t. Qr (in all) אֵילָיו‎, אֵלָיו‎; אֵלֵיהֵמָֿה‎ 4016;—pilaster or projection in wall at each side of entrance (cf. BöProben, 302; NÄ 927), in Sol.'s temple 1 K 631 (BöNÄ 525 rds. אֵילָם‎), in Ezek.'s temple Ez 409.10 + 14 t. Ez 40.41 + 4014a Ew Hi Co אילם‎ cf. GB; 4038 rd. אילם‎ so Sm Co cf. G; 4014b Co del. א׳‎.

† III. [אַ֫יִל‎?] n.m. leader, chief (=ram, as leader of flock ? cf. Di Ex 1515 Ol§ 142 f LagBN 170 & v. Ez 3417)— cstr. אֵל‎ Ez 3111; pl. cstr. אֵילֵי‎ Ex 1515 Ez 1713 + 2 K 2415 Qr; (Kt אולי‎ v. אוּל‎); אֵלֵי‎ Ez 3221 (del. Co, v. G).—leader, chief א׳ מוֺאָב‎ Ex 1515; א׳ הָאָרֶץ‎ Ez 1713 2 K 2415 Qr; א׳ גּוֺיִם‎ Ez 3111 (אֵלִים‎ Jb 4117 v. sub אלה‎; perh. אֵלֵיהֶם‎ Ez 3114 but cf. infr. iv איל‎ & also אֶל‎ Note 1).

† IV. [אַ֫יִל‎?] n.m. terebinth (prob. as prominent, lofty tree, v. Di Gn 126 146)—cstr. אֵיל‎ only n.pr. אֵיל פָּארָן‎ vid. infr.; pl. אֵילִים‎ Is 129; אֵלִים‎ Is 575 cstr. אֵילֵי‎ Is 613; sf. אֵלֵיהֶם‎ Ez 3114 (>del. Co vid. V A).—terebinth (cf. אֵלָה‎); as marking idol-shrines Is 129 575 (so Che Di etc. > gods); fig. of ransomed ones of Zion אֵילֵי הַצֶּדֶק‎; perh. of haughty ones Ez 3114.

אֵיל פָּארָן n.pr.loc. (terebinth (or palm? v. Di) of Paran) town & harbour at head of Aelanitic Gulf Gn 146 (v. Di); = אֵלָה‎ 3641; אֵילַת‎ Dt 28 2 K 1422 166; אֵילוֺת‎ 1 K 926 2 K 166; close to Ezion Geber (v. 133 עֶצְיוֺן גֶּבֶר‎).

[אֵילִים‎], alw. אֵילִםn.pr.loc. (= place of terebinths or other great trees, v. Di Gn 146 & Ex 1527 (12 fountains & 70 palms)) 2nd station of Isr. in desert after passing sea Ex 161.1 Nu 339.10; אֵי֫לִמָה‎ Ex 1527 Nu 339; prob. = Wady Gharandel cf. RobBR i. 100, 105.

†I. אֵלָה n.f. terebinth ( = אֵילָה‎ (?) v. iv. איל‎ > StaGesch. 455 wh. derives fr. אֵל‎ = divine; but cf. ib. on lack of clear distinction betw. אֵלָה‎, אֵלוֺן‎ & אַלּוֺן) Gn 354 + 15 t. + אֵילָה‎ Gn 4921 (for MT אַיָּלָה‎ v. infr.)—terebinth = Pistacia terebinthus, Linn., a deciduous tree with pinnate leaves & red berries; occasional in Palestine; grows to great age; always of single tree; near Shechem Gn 354 (E) cf. †אַלָּה‎ Jos 2426 (E, rd. אֵלָה‎ ?), Ophrah Ju 611.19; in Jabesh 1 Ch 1012; tree in which Absalom was caught 2 S 1 89.9.10.14; v. also 1 K 1314 ; expressly of idol-shrine Ho 413 (|| אַלּוֺן‎, לִבְנֶה‎) Ez 613; as fading, withering, sim. of Judah Is 130; as hewn down, sim. id. 613 (|| אַלּוֺן‎); fig. of Naphtali אֵילָה שְׁלֻחָה‎ Gn 4921 (G Ew Ol Di > MT אַיָּלָהhind q.v.) a slender terebinth, v. Di & cf. II. אֵלָה‎; in topogr. designat. עֵמֶק הָא׳ ‎ 1 S I72.19 2110 (v. ‎).

† II. אֵלָה n.pr.m. (terebinth, cf. Gn 4921 sub I. אֵלָה) 1. a chief of Edom Gn 3641 = 1 Ch 152 ( = אֵילַתn.pr.loc. ? v. Di). 2. son of Baasha; reigned two years in Isr. 1 K 1 66.8.13.14. 3. father of Hoshea who was last king of Isr. 2 K 1530 171 181.9. 4. a son of Caleb 1 Ch 415.15. 5. a son of Uzzi 1 Ch 98.

† I. אֵלֹון n.[f.] terebinth ( = אֵלָה‎)—א׳‎ cstr. Gn 126 + 4 t.; pl. cstr. אֵלוֺנֵי‎ Gn 1318 + 3 t.—terebinth (or other tall tree, cf. infr. on 1 S 103 Ju 45), marking shrine, & hence used in topogr. designations; א׳ מוֺרֶה‎ (teacher's terebinth) Gn 126 (v.Di) so Dt 1130; א׳ מְעוֺנְנִים‎ (conjurors' tereb.) Ju 937; distinguished by owner or ruler א׳ מַמְרֵא‎ Gn 1318 1413 181; by neighbouring town צענים‎(ב‎) Ju 411; cf. א׳ בְּצַעֲנַנִּים‎ Jos 1933 (cdd. אַלּוֺן‎, but v. Norzi Baer Di); א׳ מֻצָּב אֲשֶׁר בִּשְׁכֶם‎ Ju 96 (cf. אֵלָה‎ Gn 354); א׳ תָּבוֺר‎ 1 S 103 rd. א׳ דְּבוֺרָה‎ (& cf. אַלּוֺן בָּכוּת‎ Gn 358, & תֹּמֶר דְּבוֺרָה‎ Ju 45) cf. EwGesch. iii. 31 Th Di Gn 358 (v. also sub אַלּוֺן‎).