Page:A Hebrew and English Lexicon (Brown-Driver-Briggs).djvu/779

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bv

by . It expresses excess (synon. IP q.v.); Gn 4 8 M I give thee T n * ^ "IOT Q=f one shoulder (ridge) above thy brethren, Ex 16 5 by nma double a6we or beyond, Nu 3 46 Dt 25 s stripes fljN~by beyond these, Jos 3 15 Jordan by *^ was full over all its banks (cf. 4 19 Is 8 7 b by ibn, nby), -f 138 2 Ec 1" Dn i 20 by rihj -fc-y ten times above (cf. in Aram. 3", and ^JJ- Qor 3 7 163 ), Ezn 6 tby lib = beside (v. 13); ^ 16 2 (si vera 1.) ybv ^ 3 V?* 5 my welfare is not beyond thee, i. e. does not lie outside thee. — Of time, Lv 1 5 s5 if she has an issue Pirni by beyond her time of impurity (cf. Is 32 10 , 4 b). . It denotes elevation or pre-eminence, as by Jl-by high (fig.) a&ow, Dt 26 19 a/., 28" T 1 ^ nby will go up above thee, cf. Pr3i M ; ^ 57 6 ' 12 he thou exalted above the heavens, 80/ 95 3 96 4 , etc., Ne 9 s ; with words (q.v.) such as 133, b"U, pTIl, X5W (Ni. Pi. Hithp.), ny, and esp. those denoting rule or superintendence, as ibo, TpWl; so with ntf, IW, jnJ, Gn4i 33 - 10 - 43 , Biff 1 S 18 5 ; with Tj?B, n'E>, TJ^O, etc., GD4I 34 Ex i 11 18 21 , etc. ; abs. 2 S 8 16 Joab was N3Xrrby over the host, 20 23 "- 24 1 K 4 4 " 6 5 30 ; Nuio 14 * iCh9 2326ff - 2 7 25ft 2CI130 17 3I 12 ; in"? by fta of Joseph's steward Gn 43 I619 44 L4 ; and in the official titles JVsrrby T0j*=tb* Governor of the Palace Is 2 2 15 al. (v. tt% 6); DBPrby iBta the overseer of the forced labour 1 K 12 18 ; "it^X "I'J'irby the governor of the city 2 K io 5 , nnnbon by i^x v 22 . . It expresses addition (cf. cVl in Gk., e.g. fVi Touroif); viz. a. introducing the com- plement of a verb, as with IPJ to add upon or to, i^6i 7 + oft. (v. *|PJ), ne> to put to Gn30 40 , nib? to be joined to Nu 18 24 Is 14 1 (also c. bx), bsj to fall to, i.e. desert to, Je 2i 9 + , lay to pass ower to Ex 30 ,S14 Is 45 14 (cf. 60 5 ); also Hb2 16 by Di3 3BJ1 La4 21 , Est4 7 ; 3^na to be reckoned to Lv 25 31 2 S 4 2 , by iTn Nu 36 12 ; ^69 28 o;iy by jiy run, i s5 6 8 vby pagx *"5> I will yet gather (others) unto him. b. Used absol., as Gn 28' he took Mahalath VVi by in addition to his (other) wives, 31 80 (cf. bx Lv 18 18 ), Nu 3 1 8 Drrbbn by in addition to their slain (|| Jos 13 22 bx),'Dt 23" Ez 16 37 " 25 10 ; Is 32 10 n3B* by D^DJ days upon, in addition to, a year, 2 Ch 3 r 15 D'O; by D'p;, Ez 7* by njh Xtan nih (|| bx), Je 4 20 (if top J=6 e proclaimed), Jbi6' 4 njT^"^ H? ^?H?! (cf. Lag* 1 " 112 ; also II. 14 130 tXxof €^"'«Xic«i'Odyss. 7 120 '-, Qor 3 1 13 ). So often in laws of P (cf. c), Lv 7 12 he shall offer rnfrin rnfby in addition to the sacrifice of thanksgiving, etc., v 13b Nu 6 20 15* 28 io.is.24 ( c f.i3bt? v 31 29"), 35 8 ; Ez 16 43 (HiSm RV: cf. 44 7 bx). c. Hence by an easy transition it denotes together with, with, Ex 35 s2 men togetlier with (by) women, Jb 38 s2 DHJJD rwa-by t^yi and the Bear with her children, wilt thou lead them t 1 K 15 20 Je 3 18 the house of Isr. with the house of Judah, Mi 5 2 (Ca Ke Kue ; but al. as 7 c a), Gn 32 12 lest he come and smite me, 0^3 py DX the mother Wiethe children (cf. Ho 1 o 14 Dt 2 2 6 ); and as a techn. term in the regulations for sacrifice, esp. with bax, Ex 1 2 s wbax Dnip-by togetlier with bitter herbs they shall eat it, v' his head with (by) his legs, etc., NU9 11 Dt 16 3 )'DPI l"by baxTrx'b (cf. Ex 23 18 34 s5 ), v 3 ; in the phrase Din by bax to eat withthe blood i S 1 4 32 - 33 (v 34 bx), Lv 19 26 Ez 33 25 (cf. in Gk. e.g. *m t£ o-iVo) nivetv vSap) ; see also Lv 2 216 3 4 (so v 1015 4 9 7 4 ), 4 11 7 13 * 30 io 16 14 31 2 3 ,8 - 20 Nu6 17 19 s ; 1 Ch7 4 . . It expressesthe ideaof being suspended, or extended, over anything, without however being in contact with it, above, over : Gn i 20 let fowl fly over the earth, 1 cj* by xy BWTl had come forth upon the earth (cf. by mt Ex 22 2 + ; by X3 go down [set] upon Dt 24 15 Mi 3 6 ; Jb 25 s ), Nu io 34 14 14 and thy cloud stood Drvby over them, Dt 28 2b the heavens ~WtC~b)l above thy head, Is 4 5 60 1 2 Zp 2 11 Zc 9 14 ^ 7 8 <wer it return thou on high, Jb 29 s ^th ?y Hj ibns (cf. by ~IV be extinguished over, 18 6 ), Ct2 4 his banner over me : fig. of protection Dt 32 3S jr 68 3 ° : with vbs. of motion (expressed or im- plied), by npK'J to incline over 1 S 13"*+ , HD3 by w Ex 14 16 is 23"+ (cf. f 2 1 12 ), by ^:n to swing over Is n 15 19 16 ; by y^DOT to proclaim over Je4 16 A1113', cf. Nuio 10 2CI113 12 , X1p3 by DB* a name to be called over 2Si2 28 + (v. Xip). . From the sense of inclining or im- pending over, by comes to denote contiguity or proximity, Engl, by (or sts. on) : — a. in designating localities, esp. those beside water, Gn 14 6 -onarrby by the wilderness, 16 7 W. by D^sn by the spring of water, 24 1330 29 s three flocks lying ^bv by it (the well), 41 1 NU3 26 13 29 D'rrby by the sea, 22 5 24 s gardens 1^3 bj? 3 c 2