Page:A History of the Inquisition of the Middle Ages-Volume I .pdf/14

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Chapter II.—HERESY

Awakening of the Human Intellect in the Twelfth Century 57
Popular Characteristics 50
Nature of Heresies 60
Antisaccrdotal Heresies 62
Nulity of Sacraments in Polluted Hands. 62
Tanchelm 64
Éon de l'Étoile 66
Peculiar Civilization of Southern France 66
Pierre de Bruys 68
Henry of Lausanne 69
Arnaldo of Brescia 72
Peter Waldo and the Waldenses 76
Passagii, Joseppini, Siscidentes, Runcarii 88


Attractions of the Dualistic Theory 89
Deriation of Catharism from Manichæism 89
Belief and Organization of the Catharan Church 93
Missionary Zeal and Thirst for Martyrdom 102
Not Devil-worshipers. 105
Spread of Catharism from Slavonia 107
Diffusion throughout Europe in the Eleventh Century 108
Increase in Twelfth Century. 110
Comparative Exemption of Germany and England 112
Growth in Italy. Efforts of Innocent III. 114
Its Stronghold in Southern France 117
Its Expected Triumph. 121
Failure of Crusade of 1181 124
Period of Toleration and Growth 125


Policy of the Church towards Heresy 129
Suppression of Heresy in the Nivernais 130
Translations of Scripture forbidden at Metz. 131
Power of Raymond VI. of Tonlouse 132
Condition of the Church in his Dominions 134
Innocent III. Undertakes the Suppression of Heresy 136
The Prelates Refuse their Aid 137