Page:A History of the Inquisition of the Middle Ages-Volume I .pdf/323

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tors of either Order to sit in judgment on brethren of the other, it would indicate that the intervening two centuries had not diminished the tendency. The jealousy with which their respective limits were defended is illustrated by troubles which occurred in 1290 about the Tarvesina. This was Dominican territory, but for many years the office of inquisitor at Treviso was filled by the Franciscan Filippo Bonaccorso. When, in 1289, he accepted the episcopate of Trent, the Dominicans expected the office to be restored to them, and were indignant at seeing it given to another Franciscan, Fra Bonajuncta. The Dominican inquisitor of Lombardy Fra Pagano, and his vicar, Fra Yiviano, went so far in their resistance that serious disturbances were excited in Verona, and it became necessary for Nicholas IV. to intervene in 1291, when he punished the recalcitrants by perpetual deprivation of their functions. To the heretics it must have offered excusable delight to see their persecutors persecuting each other. So ineradicable was the hostility between the two Orders that Clement IV. established the rule that there should be a distance of at least three thousand feet between their respective possessions — a regulation which only led to new and more intricate disputes. They even quarrelled as to the right of precedence in processions and funerals, which was claimed by the Dominicans, and settled in their favor by Martin V. in 1423. We shall see hereafter how important in the development of the mediaeval Church was this implacable rivalry.[1]

  1. MSS. Bib. Nat. Coll. Doat, XXI. 143 ; XXXII. 15.— Matt. Paris Hist. Angl. ann. 1243 (p. 414). — Guill. Pod. Laur. c. 43. — Raynald. ann. 1238, No. 51.— Harduin. Concil. VII, 1319. — Paramo de Orig. Inq. p. 244. — Wadding Anna!, ann. 1238, No. 6, 7; ann. 1266, No. 8 ; ann. 1277, No. 10 ; ann. 1291, No. 14.— Potthast No. 16132.— Sixti PP. IV. Bull. Sacri Prmdicatorum, 26 Jul. 1479.— Martene Thesaur. II. 346, 353, 359, 451.— Ripoll II. 82, 164, 617, 695.
    The disturbances at Marseilles show the favoritism always manifested towards the Mendicants. Two clerks, whom the Dominicans had procured to depose falsely against the inquisitor, were punished with perpetual prison, degradation, and inability to hold benefices ; the bishop who had listened to them was suspended from his office and jurisdiction, while the friars who had suborned the perjury and caused the whole trouble were let off with rendering humiliating apologies and transferred to another province. (Martene ubi sup.)
    There has been some dispute as to whether Fra Filippo Bonaccorso was a Franciscan or a Dominican. Wadding (1. c.) prints a bull of 1277 in which he