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APPENDIX,

I.

CATHARAN ARGUMENTS TO JUSTIFY THE ATTRIBUTION OF THE OLD TESTAMENT TO THE EVIL PRINCIPLE.

(Archives de requisition de Carcassonne. Dost, XXXVI. 91.)

The literature of the Cathari has been so successfully exterminated that anything attributable to the sect is of interest. The following, from a controversial tract, dating probably about the close of the thir teenth centnry, may be regardcd as a fair summary of the reasons alleged by the sect to prove that the Creator, Jehovab, was Satan. There is sufficiont identity between them and those given by Moneta (adver sus Catharos, Lib. II. e. vi.) to show that they are in some sort the of ficial and customary arguments of the hereties. I omit the counter- arguments of the writer, who generally follows Moneta, thogh he often reasons independently.

Primo igitur objicitur illud, Geneseos tertio: Ecce Adam guasi unus ea nobis factus est. Hoc dicit Deus de Adam postquam peccavit, ct constat quod dicit verum aut falsum si verum, crgo Adam factus crat similis ei qui loquebatur et eis cum quibus loquebatur. Sed Adam post peccatum factus crat peceator; ergo nialus: si dixit falsum, ergo est mendax, ergo sic dicendo peccavit, et sic fuit malus

Item ad idem. Deus ile dicit, Gencscos primo: Vilete ne forte sumat de ligno tite ctc. Deus autem novi testamenti dicit, Apocalipsis primo: Vincenti dabo edere de ligna vitæ. Ille prohibet, iste promittit, crgo contrarii sunt ad invicem

Item ad idem, Geneseos primo: Tenebrae orant super facie abyssi, dizitque Deus: Fiat lu. Ergo Deus veteri testamenti incepit a tenebris et tinivit in lucem; crgo est tencbrosus; ergo cst malus, qui prius fecit tenebras qnam lucem Item ad idem, Geneseos tertio: Inimicitins ponam inter te et mulierem, et in ter semen turum et semen mulieris. Ecce Deus veteris testamenti seminator est discordie et inimicitie. Deus autem novi testamenti dator est pacis et solutor inimicitiarum, sicut legitur Coloss. primo: Quoniam in ipao placuit omnem pleni- tudinem deitutis habitare, et per ipsum reconciliari omnia in ipsum, sice que in