Page:Black's Law Dictionary (Second Edition).djvu/878

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PANIS

PANTS. Lat. In old English law. Blend; ioaf; a loaf. Fieta, lih. 2, c. 9.

PANNAGE. A common of pannage is the right of feeding swine on mast and acorns at certain seasons in a cominonable wood or forest. Eiton, Commons, 25: Willlams, Common, 168.

Paunaginm est pastua parcnrum, in neniorilma et in ailvis, nt puta, de glandjbns, etc. 1 Buist 7. A pannugiiiiu is ii piistiiie of hogs, in woods and forests, upon acorns, and so forth.

PANNELLATION. The act of impanel- mg a jury.

PANTOMIME. A dramatic performance in which gestures take the place of words. See 3 C. 13. S71.

PAPER. A mitten or printed document or instrument A document filed or intro- duced in evidence in a suit at law, as. in the phrase “[I:1[)el'£ in the case" and in “pa- pers on appeai." Any writing or piintcd document, including ietters, meiiiumnda, ie— gal or business documents, and books of account, as in the constitutional proiision uhich protects the people from unreasonabie searches and seizures in respect to their "papers" as weli as their houses and persons. A written or pi-lnted evidence of debt, partlculariy a promissorv note or a hiil of exchange, as in the phrases “accommodation paper" and “commerci.i.l_paper."

In English practice. The list of causes or cases intended for argument, called "the paper of causes." 1 Tirld, Pr. 504

—Acoomniodation paper. See that title.- Commercial paper. See C'Olli'MER(‘lAL —Pn.- per blockade. See BLOCKADE.—Pnpe1' book. in practice. A "printed coilec ion or abstract. in mathodicai order, of the pleadimzs, cxidcnce, exhibits, and proceedings in a cause. or uhatover else may be necessary to a fuil iinrlcrstandinr of it, prepared for the use of the judges upon a hearln: or argument on uppcal. Copies of tho proceedings nn an issue in law or demurrer, of cases, and of the proceedings on error, prepared for Can use of the judges. null delivered to them revious to liringing the cause to argument 3 B . Comm. 317: Archh. New Pr. 353: 5 Man & G. 98. In prnceedincs on appeal or error in a criminal case. copies of the proceedings with a note of the points intended to be nrigued. dciivcrcd to the jnd_1zns by the partics before the argument. Arrhh. Crim. Pi. 20"): SW-3et.—P£Lper credit. Credit given on the security of any written nhli_-_vaI;ion purportiiw to rPpl'e5(‘I|t propcrty.—Pnper days. In English law. Certain days in term-time appointed by the courts for hearings or arguments in the crises set down in the various speciai papers. —Paper money. Biils drawn by u go\ei'n— nient against its own credit. engaging to pay money, but which do not profess to be immedi- atcly convertible into specie, and which are put into compulsory circulation as a siilrstitute for coiucd nioney.—Pnper office. In English law. An ancient office in the palace of “'hitehzili, where all the puhlic writings, matters of state and councii. proclamations, letters. intelligecnes, negotiations of the queen's ministers abroad,

870

PARAGE

and generally aii the papers and dispi that pass through the offices of the seer of state, are de osited. Also an office or v in the court o queeifa bench where U12- ords belonging to that court are dflpll

sometimes called “paper-miii." Wharton.- per title. See TITLE.

PAPIST. One who adheres to the munion of the Church of Rome. The seems to be considered by the Roman lies theiiiselres as a nickname of repr originating in their maintaining the sup ecclesiastical power of the pope, who

PAR. In commercial law. Equal; cq ity. An equoilty subsisting hetu‘ l] nominal or face value of a hill of E - ‘ shale of stock, etc., and its at-tuni s Vnlue. Wiien the raiuca are thus e-qua‘; instrument or share is said to be “at i i if it can be sold for more than its non i north. it is "above par." ii’ for less it ‘ "heiow par." Ft Edward v. Fish, 1-36 N. V- 363, 50 N. E. 973' Evans 7. Tiiiiimll. 38 ‘- C. 23S, 17 S. E. 4!).

---Par- of exchange. In mercantile low. T — ’ ‘ or equivaieucy of any g ‘ sum or quantitv of money in the_com of - country, and the like sum or quantity of u i in the 1. in of any other f0l'eI_:l.l country \ which it is to be exchanged supposing the ey of such country to be of the pwc-rt and purity fixed luv the mint stun: r*| respective countrie Storv Bills, phy v. Kastner 50 N. J. . 4 All. 39 Blue Star S. §. 0:. v. Keys r ll), C) 81 l__‘ 510. The par of the currencies of any countrics means the equivalence of. a to amount of the currency of_l.lie one in the rcncy of the other. supposing the cui-re-gag-. both to be of the precise irriglit and purty fl‘- ed by their respeitiic mints. The exchaj tween the two countries is said to be at_pnr when hills are negotiated on this footin .

when a h for £100 drawn on London soils in Paris for 2 0 frs., and vice verso. Iioweii, Poi. lkon .

PAR. Lat. Equal.

—Par de.1.ietrim. Equal guiit. "This is not a case of par dclictmn. It is oppression on one side and submission on the other. it never can be predicated as prir ll(‘Ii('tllirl when one holds the 'l'lJ(l and the other bmis to it." (i .\laiI]e I: S. 1l'i3.—Par onari. Fiiuzil to the hurden or charge; equai to the detiimenl or damage.

Par in piu-em hnperinm non liabet. Jenn. Cent. 174. An equal has no dominion over an equai.

PARACHRONISM. Error in the com-

putation of time.

PARACIUM. The tenure between par- ceners. vlz.. that which the youngest owes to the eidest without homage or service. Domesday

PARAGE, or PARAGIUM. An equality of blood or Cligllii‘), but more especially of land, in the partition of an inheritance between co-heirs; more properly, however,

an equality of condition among nobles, or