Page:Black's Law Dictionary (Second Edition).djvu/879

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PARAGRAPH

persons holding by a nobie tenure. Thus, when 11 def is divided among brothers, the younger hoid their part of the elder by parnge; L e., without any homage or senice. Also the portion which a woman may obtain on her marriage. Cowell.

PARAGRAPH. A part or section of a statute. pleading, aflidnvit, etc., which contains one articie, the sense of which is complele l\icCiel1an 7. Ueln, 56 1\'eb. 600, 77 X. W. 120: Hill 7. Fairhnreii & W. R Co., ‘I5 Conn. 177, 52 ALI. 725; Miu-ine v. Pach- bam. 52 Fed 579, 3 C. C. A. 210, Baiiey v. .\iusl1cr, 63 Fed. 483, 11 C. C. A. 304.

PARALLEL. For two lines of street I"IilWE_\‘ to be “parallel," within the meaning of a statute. it may not be necessary that Ihe two iin should be paraiiei for the n hole length of each or either route. Ex- act parallelism is not contempiated. Cron- Iii v. Highland St. Ry. Co., 144 Mass. 254, 10 N, E. 833. And see East St. Louis Connecting Rv. Co. 7. Jarvis, 92 Fed. 735, 34 C. C. A. 639: Louisvilie & N. R. Co. v. Kentucky, 161 U. S. 677, 1G Sup. Ct. 714, 40 L. I-“.11. 849

PARAMOUNT. Above; upwards. That which is superior; usually appiied to the lilgbest lord of the fee of iauds. tenements, or hereditameuts, as distinguished from the Ill(’.\‘li€’ (or intermediate) lord. Fitsh. 1\'at. Brew. 135.

In the law of reai property, the term “paramount title" properiy denotes one which is superior to the title with nhich it is compared, in the sense that the former is the source or origin of the latter. It is, however, frequently used to denote a title which is simply better or stronger than an- other, or will prevail over it. But this use is scarceiy correct. unless the superiority consists in the seniority of the title spoken of as “puramount." See Hoopes v. Meyer, 1 Nev. 444.

—Pnx-amount equity. An equitable right or claim ubich is prior, superior, or preferable to that with which it is compared.

PARAPHERNA. In the civil law. Goods brought by wife to hushnnd over and above her dowry.

PARAFHERNAL PROPERTY. PARAPHERNALIA.

See

PARAPIIERNALIA. In the civil law. The eeparatie property of a married woman, other than that which is iuciuiled in her dowry, or (111.5.

The separate property of the wife is di- vided into dotai and extradotal. Dotai prop- erty is that which the wife brings to the husband to nssist him in bearing the expenses of the marriage estabiishment. Extradotai property, otherwise cniied “para-

871

PARCEL pheinal property," is that which forms no part of the dowry. Cir. Code La. art. 2335.

The wife's paraphernuiin shall not be sub- ject to the dehts or C0llt1£l(tS of the hus- band, and shali consist of the apparel of herself and her children, her hatch, and orna- ments suitable to her condition in life, and uli such articles of personalty as have been given to her for her own use and comfort. Code Go. 1SS2, § 1773.

In English law. Those goods which a woman is allowed to have. after the death of her husband, besides her driwer. consisting of her apparel and ornaments, snitibie to her rank and degree 2 Bl. Comm. 436.

PARAPHERNAUX, BI]-INS. Fr. In French law. All the wife's property which is not subject to the 1-éyinie data! is calied by this name; and of these articles the wife has the entire administration; but she may aiiow the husiiaud to enjoy them, and in that case he is not liable to account. Brown.

PARASCEVE. The sixth Clay of thel'ist weel: in Lent, particuiariy called "Good

Frirlay." In English law, it is a dies mm ju- ridicus. PARASYIIEXIS. In the civil law. A

conventlcle, or uniawfni meeting.

PARATITLA. In the civil law. Notes or abstracts prefixed to titles of law, giving a summary of their contents. Cod. 1. 17. 1 12.

PARATUM HABEO. Lflt. I have him in readiness. The return by the slierifi to a capius ad rcspomlciiduvii, signifying that he has the defendant in readiness to be brought into court.

PARATUS EST VERIFICARE. Lat. He is ready to verify. The Latin form for concluding a pleading with a verification. (a- v-)

P A R A V A I L. Inferior; suhordlnate Tenant paravaii signified the lowest tenant of land, ‘being the tenant of a mesne lord. He was so calied because he was supposed to make “nvuiI" or profit of the land for an- other. Cowell; 2 Bl. Comm. 60.

PARCEL. In the law of real property parcel signifies a part or portion of innd. _\s used of chalicls. it signifies a smaii package or bundle. See State v. Jordan, 36 Fla. 1, 17 South. 742; Miller v. Burke, 6 Daiy (N. Y.) 174; Johnson v. Sirret. 153 N. Y. 51, 46 N. E). 1035.

—Pnx'cs1 makers. Two officers in the ex- chequer who formerly made the parcels or items of the eschcators’ accounts, wherein they charg- ed them with everything they had ievied for the king during the term of their office. (‘owcl].—- Piu-cels. A description of property, formeriy

set forth in a conveyance, together with the