CROSTHWAITE, SIR ROBERT JOSEPH (1841- )
I.C.S. : son of Rev. John C. Crosthwaite : born Jan. 17, 1841 : educated at Merchant Taylors and Brasenose College, Oxford : entered the Bengal Civil Service, 1863 : served chiefly in the N.W.P. : was Judicial Commissioner of Burma and Central Provinces : Agent to the Governor-General in Central India and in Rajputana : called to the bar from the Middle Temple, 1868 : K.C.S.I. in 1897.
CROWE, SIR JOSEPH ARCHER (1825- 1896)
Journalist, art-critic, and diplomatist : son of Eyre Evans Crowe : born Oct. 20, 1825 : artist of Illustrated London News in the Crimea : present at the engagements : appointed Superintendent of the "Sir Jamsetji Jijihbai's School of Design" at Bombay, 1857 : Editor, successively, of the Bombay Gazette and Bombay Standard, and correspondent of the Daily News and Times during the mutiny : Secretary of the Bombay Chamber of Commerce : left India owing to ill-health, 1859 : Times' correspondent in Italian war of 1859 : present at Solferino : appointed Consul- General for Saxony, 1860 : entered diplomatic service, 1880 : Commercial Attache for Europe, 1882-1 895 : joint author with Cavalcasella of Histories of Flemish and Italian Painters, Lives of Titian and Raphael : published a volume of Reminiscences : died Sep. 6, 1896.
CSOMA, DE KOROS, ALEXANDER (1784-1842)
Traveller and student of philology : son of Andrew Csoma : born April 4, 1784, at Koros in Transylvania : educated, 1815-8, at the College of Novo Enyed : Doctor of Medicine at Gottingen. To ascertain the origin of his countrjonen, the Hungarians, whose primitive seat he expected to discover in the heart of Central Asia, he left Bucharest, Jan. 1, 1820 : travelled to Constantinople, Alexandria, Syria, Bagdad, Teheran, Mashad, Bokhara, Kabul, Lahore, Kashmir, Leh : studied Tibetan thoroughly in monasteries in Ladak, chiefly at Yangla, in Zanskar, 1823-6 : was at Sabathu, 1824-5 : allowed Rs. 50 a month by the Government of India : made a third journey to Kanum in Kunawar, studying Tibetan at a Buddhist monastery till 1830 : reached Calcutta, April, 1831 : published a Tibetan grammar and dictionary, vocabulary, etc. : made Honorary Member of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, 1834 : studied Sanskrit, and was appointed Librarian of the Society : travelled, 1836-7, to study Oriental languages, to Jalpaiguri and Titalya : at Calcutta 1837-42 : started for Lhasa in 1842 : reached Darjeeling, March 24 : died April 11 : and was buried there : "an indefatigable and unpresuming student" a scholar of extreme modesty : knew 17 languages, ancient and modern.
CUBBON, SIR MARK (1785-1861)
Born Sep. 8, 1785 : went to India in the Madras Infantry in 1800 : Captain in 1816 : in the Commissariat Department in the Pindari war, 1817-8, and in Madras. When the people of Mysore rebelled, in 1831, against the oppression and bad government of their Hindu Raja, Lt-Colonel Cubbon was a member of the Commission of Enquiry : after which the Government of India assumed the administration of the province and Cubbon was made Commissioner, first joint, and in 1834 sole, of Mysore : and soon afterwards of Coorg also : this post he held for 27 years, governing the province despotically but successfully, through native agency, and exercising a profuse hospitality : Lt-General, 1852 : C.B., 1856 : K.C.B., 1859. He never married or left India until he retired in 1861, after 60 years' service in India, when he died at Suez, on April 23. His equestrian statue is in the Cubbon Park at Bangalore : when unveiled, it had been daubed with the three Brahmanical marks on the forehead.
CUBITT, WILLIAM GEORGE (1835- 1903)
Colonel : son of Major W. Cubitt of the Bengal Army: educated at Laleham : joined the 13th Bengal N.I., 1853 : served in the Sonthal campaign, 1855 : in the Dafla expedition, 1874-5 : Afghan war, 1878-80 : Akha expedition, 1883-4 : Burmese expedition, 1886-7 : in the mutiny won the Victoria Cross at Chinhut on June 30, 1857, for saving the lives of three men at the risk of his own : in the defence of the Residency at Lucknow :