Page:Journal of the Royal Geographical Society of London, Volume 1 (2nd edition).djvu/105

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Notes respecting the Idhmus 'of P anam? ? 77 Y'a//a armad///o.?/k beau?l cl?e-gr?ned w?d, ?t llke ?, of a lightlab brown colour; grows only ? a ?st one f?t diame?r. ?e fruits and esculent vegetables found in the Isthmus are those of other similar into-tropical situations. The g?im cul- ?vated are ?ce and India-corn. The sugar-c?e is grown, but not extensively. Coff? and cocoa are cultivat? as required for domestic consumption. The caoutchouc tree,* milk-tree (Palo di Ya?), and vanilla plant, am all abundant in the woods. ?e charcoal made from many of the trees is considered excellent for smelting; and as such is exported to Peru, and in much request there. Some of them yield ve? rich and brilliant dyes? used by the Indians, but not yet known, as Mr. Lloyd believes, in commerce. The bar? of othe? are medicinal, or abound in tannin. Ink is made both from gall-nuts and a bush called alsifax, r?embling �e ca?r. Many valuable resins are extracted kom different t?es; pa?icularly one, distilled from the bark of a true called the ?o, or holy try, which is highly fragrant, and is both used ? a remedy for diso?ers, and burnt ?ncen?. The's?r? o?dnal? of Linn?us is very abundant, the gum extracted from it selling for two dolla? a pound. The wild animals of the woods are tigers, or rather tiger-ca?, being seldom I?ger than small Newfoundland do?; lions, at ie?t so ?11ed; bea?; ?coons; sajinos, u species of wild ?ar,' found in droves; wild hogs in herds; conejos, something like our ?bbits, but larger; deer in abundance on the borde? of the woods; hosts of monkeys of many s?cies; wi? wild turkeys, bo? bl?k and coloured; birds re,tabling our hen phe?nts; pigeons, ducks, ?., all ex?!lent eating. The most dangerous animals in the list are the wild hogs, which, when together in a drove, will, if fired on, readily attack one or two ?n. The tiger does not attack men, but f?ely prays on small cattle. ?e isthmus has ?en famed for snakes and po?onous reptiles; yet Mr. Lloyd did not meet above one or two during his whole stay, and d?s not describe. ?em. The count?-?ople will ?ldom move after nightfall for fear of them, and always ca?y a?ut their pe?ons a ' cont,,' or remedy, or what they generally consider still more efficacious, a ' charm,' agaimt their bi?. ?is cha? is an aliigary's tooth stuffed ?th herbs compounded and mutter? over by some old woman. It is worn round the n?ck. The ' contra' is said to be v?y efficacious, being a bitter root called ?a?to, ?ra?d down, and part of fi?e powder taken in- wardly, and p? applied to the bi?. ? whi? ? pr?, ? more ?o?, ?d n? ?