Page:Journal of the Royal Geographical Society of London, Volume 1 (2nd edition).djvu/106

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78' No? ?'e?p?ing t? l?&? of A great pe?t in the cOuntry are what are 'called gam?!?t? , ticks, which, in half an hour's walk in summer, will cmnpletely cover the person, aud are taken from their hold with some trouble. A smaller, but even more iu-?idious enemy, is the psoito (pu/ga) de la Savafia, or Savannah flea, not larger than a g?h? of sand, of a deep vermilion colour, and very numerous. They attack the softer paris of the flesh, and occasion a very painful itching. Common fleas, niguas or chijos, and mosquiWs, are in the usual abundance. Fire-files are common and very brilliant; with other insects, of which many, Mr. Lloyd believes, have not yet found a place in our enWmological catalogues. Of the domestic a?dmals. and those chiefly used for food, some notice will be taken in another place. The seasons are two--summer, or dry; and winter, or rainy. The first commences about the end o/ December, and lasts till April; the latter continues from April to December. The quan- tity of rain which thus falls in the year is prodigious; but it? amount varies in different places. The clouds hang chiefly over the wooded heights; and at ?Porto-Belio, in particular, which is closely hemmed round by them, the rain descends in torrents, fre- quently accompanied by storms of thunder and lightning, of the mo?t terrific description. 'Where the ground, to any extent, is level, however, and has been cleared of its wood, a great differ-' ence is perceptible; and at Panam/t the following alternation? may be observed. In April the ?veather becomes cloudy about noon; but after drizzling for half an hour, clears up. Iu May, from nine to eleven, it is dull, ?.ith slight rain; the afternooa? being still fine. In June there is rain every morning and evening; but ti?e mid-days are fa/r. As the season advances, the rain gra- dually increases; and i? incessant throughout July, August, Sep- tember, and October. In November the nights are always and cloudy; but through the day the sky begins to break. De- cemher brings a further improvement. And in January, February, and March, a shower of rain is as uncommon as a gleam of sun.- shine at the other season of the year. Oae very remarkable phenomenon occurs throughout the whole isthmus. On the !gOth of June the rain ceases for five or six days; the sun shines ont during t?e whole day with the utmost $plendour; nor iz any instance known of irregularity in the recur- rence of this break in the ordinary course of the ?eason. It is accord/?!y reckoned on with grzat confidence by the inhabitants, kept as a period of social enjoyment, and called El ?eranito (or little summer) di San Juan, either from the least of St. John, ?vhich is nearly coiucident in time, or, as others say, from the

  • iltage of San Juan on the Chugres, and abo?t twenty-three miles

from Panama, where the phenomena is pecul!arly .ob.?er?'able.