Page:Latin for beginners (1911).djvu/111

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THE FUTURE ACTIVE INFINITIVE 89


is declined and agrees with the word it modifies in gender, number, and case. . The perfect passive participle is declined like bonus, bona, bonum, and in the compound tenses (§ 202) it agrees as a predicate adjective with the subject of the verb. ( Vir laudatus est, //le man was praised, or has been praised Examples in j Puella laudata est, the girl was praised^ or has been praised Singular j Consilium laudatum est, the plan was praised, or has been ^ praised ' Viri laudati sunt, the men werepraisedy or have been praised Puellae laudatae sunt, the girls were praised, or have been praised CSnailia laudata sunt, the plans were praised, or have been praised Examples in Plural I. Inflect the perfect, pluperfect, and future perfect indicative passive of «im6, moned, regS, capio, and audi5 (§§ 488-492). . The perfect passive infinitive is formed by adding esse, the present infinitive of sum, to the perfect passive participle ; as, ama't-us (-a, -um) esse, to have been loved; mo'nit-us (-a, -um) esse, to have been advised. I . Form the perfect passive infinitive of reg5, capi5, audid, and give the English meanings. . The future active infinitive is formed by adding esse, the present infinitive of sum, to the future active participle. This parti- ciple is made by adding -firus, -a, -um to the base of the participial stem. Thus the future active infinitive of amC is am§t-fl'ru8 (-a, -um) esse, to be about to love. a. Note that in forming the three tenses of the active infinitive we use all three conjugation stems: Present, amare (present stem), to love Perfect, amavisse (perfect stem), to have loved Future, amStiinis esse (participial stem), to be about to Inte I. Give the three tenses of the active infinitive of Uud5, moneS, regS, capi5, audid„ with the English meanings.