Page:Latin for beginners (1911).djvu/120

From Wikisource
Jump to: navigation, search
This page needs to be proofread.

93 THE RELATIVE PRONOUN


. The relative pronoun in Latin is qui, quae, quod, and it is declined as follows : Singular Plural MASC. FEM. NEUT. MASC. FEM. NEUT. Norn. qui quae quod qui quae quae Gen. cuius cuius cuius qu5rum quarum quorum Dat. cui cui cui quibus quibus quibus Ace. quem quam quod quos quas quae AM. quo qua quo quibus quibus quibus I. Review the declension of is, § 114, and note the similarity in the endings. The forms qui, quae, and quibus are the only forms showing new endings. Note. The genitive ctiius and the dative cui are pronounced cooi'yoos (two syllables) and cooi (one syllable). . The Relative Pronoun is translated as follows : ^ Masc. and Fem. Neut. Norn. who, that which, what, that Gen. of whom, whose of which, of what, whose Dat. to or for whom to ox for which, to ox for what Ace. whom, that which, what, that Abl. from, etc., whom frotn, etc., which or what a. We see from the table above that qui, when it refers to a person, is translated by some form of who or by that; and that whea it refers to anything else it is translated by which, what, or that. . Note the following sentences : The Romans killed the men who were taken The Romans killed the womati who was taken Romani interfecerunt vir5s qui capti sunt Romani interfecerunt feminam quae capta est In the first sentence who (qui) refers to the antecedent men (viros), and is masculine plural. In the second, who (quae) refers to woman (feminam), and ^ feminine singular. From this we learn that the relative must agree

This table of meanings need not be memorized. It is inserted for refer- 

ence when translating.