Page:Latin for beginners (1911).djvu/121

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with its antecedent in gender and number. In neither of the sentences are the antecedents and relatives in the same case. Virds and feminam are accusatives, and qui and quae are nominatives, being the subjects of the subordinate clauses. Hence . Rule. Agreement of the Relative. A relative pronoun ynust agree with its antecedent in gender and number ; but its case is determined by the way it is used in its own clause, . Interrogative Pronouns. An interrogative pronoun is a pro- noun that asks a question. In English the interrogatives are who? which i whati In Latin they are quis? quid? (pronoun) and qui? quae? quod? (adjective). . Examine the sentences a. Who is the man ? Quis est vir ? b. IVhat man is leading them ? Qui vir eos diicit ? In a, who is an interrogative /r(t7«^tt«. In b, what is an interrogative adjective. Observe that in Latin quis, quid is the pronoun and qui, quae, quod is the adjective. TI. I . The interrogative adjective qui, quae, quod is declined just like the relative pronoun. (See § 221.) . The interrogative pronoun quis, quid is declined like qui, quae, quod in the plural In the singular it is declined as follows : Masc. and Fem. Neut. Nom. quis, who f quid, what ? which t Gen. cuius, whose? cuius, whose f Dat. cui, to ox for whom f cui, to ox for what or which t Ace. qaem, whom f quid, what f which f Abl. f^ffrom, etc., whom? <^^from^ etc., which or what? Note. Observe that the masculine and feminine are alike and that all the forms are like the corresponding forms of the relative, excepting quis and quid. . EXERCISES . I. Quis est aeger? Servus quern amO est aeger. 2. Cuius scQ- tum hab€s? Scutum habeO quod l^rgatus ad castellum misit. 3. Cui l€gatus suum scQtum dabit ? FiliO meO scQtiun dabit 4. Ubi German!