Page:Latin for beginners (1911).djvu/182

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158 SUBSTANTIVE CLAUSES OF PURPOSE


. A substantive clause is a clause used like a noun, as, That the fnen are afraid is clear enough (clause as subject) He ordered them to call on him (clause as object) We have already had many instances of infinitive clauses used in this way (cf. § 213), and have noted the similarity between Latin and English usage in this respect. But the Latin often uses the subjunctive in sub- stantive clauses, and this marks an important difference between the two languages. . Rule. Substantive Clauses of Purpose. A substantive clause of purpose with the subjunctive is used as the object of verbs of commanding, urging, asking, persuading, or advising, where in English we should usually have the infinitive. EXAMPLES

. The general ordered the soldiers Imperator militibus imperavit ut 

to run currerent . He urged them to resist bravely Hortatus est ut fortiter resisterent . He asked them to give the chil- Petivit ut liberis cibum darent drefi food . He will persuade us 7iot to set Nobis persuadebit ne proficiscamur out . He advises us to remaiji at home Monet ut domi maneamus a. The object clauses following these verbs all express the purpose or will of the principal subject that something be done or not done. (Cf. § 348.) . The following verbs are used with object clauses of purpose. Learn the list and the principal parts of the new ones. hortor, urge peto, quaero, rogo, ask, seek impero, order (with the dative of the persuadeo, perstiade (with the same person ordered and a subjunctive construction as impero) clause of the thifig ordered done) postulo, demaftd, require moneo, advise suadeo, advise (cf. persuadeo) N.B. Remember that iubeo, order, takes the infinitive as in English (Cf. §213. 1.) Compare the sentences Iubeo eum venire, / order him to come Impero ei ut veniat, I give orders to him that he is to come