Huddersfield Banking Company, the second joint-stock bank that had been established in England. In 1837 Mr. Sikes became one of the cashiers of the company, and, in 1882, its managing director. In 1850 he addressed a letter to the Leeds Mercury, in which he recom- mended the formation of P^nny Savings Banks in connection with mech^cs' and similar institutes. The Committee of the Yorkshire Union of Mechanics' Institutes gave their cordial sanction to the scheme set forth, and Penny Banks were soon established in connection with nearly every mechanics' institute in Yorkshire. In 1854 Mr. Sikes published a pamphlet entitled "Good Times; or, the Savings Banks and the Fireside," and the success which it met with induced him to give his attention to the subject of savings banks generally. He next proceeaed to consider the question of Post Office Savings Banks. His plans were submitted to Sir Bowlamd Hill, and in due course brought under the notice of Mr. Gladstone, who afterwards carried the BiU through Parlia- ment for the establishment of Post Office Savings Banks throughout the country. In 1881 the honour of knighthood was conferred on Mr. Sikes "in recognition of the important part taken by him in introducing the system of Post Office Savings Banks now so widely and so beneficially in opera- tion."
SILLITOE, The Eight Eev. AoTON WiNDBTBE, D.D., Bishop of New Westminster, British Colum- bia, received his education at Pem- broke College, Cambridge (B.A., 1862; M.A.,1866; D.D.,1879). He was curate of Brierly Hill, 1869-71 ; curate-in-charge of All Saints, Wolverhampton, 1871-73 ; perpetual curate of Ellenbrook, 1873-76 ; chap- lain at Geneva, 1876-77; chaplain to the British Legation at Darm- stadt, 1877-79. On Nov. 1, 1879, the Archbishop of Canterbury (Dr.
Tait) consecrated him in Croydon parish church, to the see of New Westminster.
SIMEONI, His Eminence Gio- vanni, an Italian Cardinal, was bom at Paliano, in the diocese of Palestrina, July 23. 1816, and hav- ing been ordained priest, he was, on account of his solid learning, employed in offices of considerable importance. In 1847 he was Auditor of the nunciature of Madrid. After some years we find him in Rome, Prefect of Studies in the Pontifical Lyceum of the Roman Seminary and Protonotary Apostolic parted- pante. For many years he was Secretary of the Congregation of the Propaganda, and as Consultor he belongs to the Holy Roman and Univers^ Inquisition, to the Pro- paganda for affairs of the Oriental Rite, to the Council for the Re- vision of Provincial Councils and for Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs. When the (Ecumenical Council of the Vatican was called, Mgr. Simeoni was one of the Con- suitors for the Commission of Ori- ental Churches and Missions and for Ecclesiastical Discipline. The diplomatic relations between the Holy See and the Court of Spain having been re-established in 1875 his Holiness Pius IX. sent Mgr. Simeoni as Nuncio to Madrid, hav- ing just precognized him Archbishop of Chalcedonia. On March 15, 1875, Pius IX. created him Cardinal, re- serving him in petto, and September 17 the same year he published him in Consistory. Mgr. Simeoni, having been created Cardinal, remained in the nunciature at Madrid in the quality of pro-nuncio, and on the death of Cardinal Antonelli, in 1876, he was appointed Secretary of State to his Holiness Pius IX. — an office which he retained imtil the death of that Pontiff — and Prefect of the Sacred Apostolic Palaces and the Sacred Lauretan Congregation. He was succeeded as Secretary of State by Cardinal Franchi in March, 1878, when Pope Leo XIII. ap- 3 s