fuerit Mulierum apud veteres Graecos conditio ?"j and for the English Essay (18J<7)> the subject being "The Political and Social Benefits of the Beformation in England." In 1847 he was elected a Fellow of University College, where he acted for some time as tutor ; and in the same year he was called to the bar at Lincoln's Inn, but he has never practised law. Mr. Smith early became noted for his advanced Liberal views, and in 1850 he was appointed by the Go- vernment of the day Assistant- Secretary of the Boyal Commission that was charged with the duty of inquiring into the state, studies, discipline, and revenues of the University of Oxford. He was also Secretary to the second Oxford Commission, which effected many alterations in the constitution and government of the University. He was likewise a member of the Popular Education Commission ap- pointed in 1858. The same year he was appointed to the Regius Pro- fessorship of Modem History at Oxford, and he held this chair till 1866. Professor Smith was a promi- nent champion of the American Federal Government during the Civil War, when he wrote " Does the Bible sanction American Slavery ? " 1863; "On the Morality of the Emancipation Proclamation," 1863 ; and other pamphlets on the same subject. In 1864 he visited the United States on a lecturing tour. He met with an enthusiastic recep- tion, and the Brown University conferred upon him the honorary degree of LL.D. On his return he published ** England and America," 1865, and "The Civil War in America," an address read at a meeting of the Manchester Union and Emancipation Society (1866). In Nov., 1868, he settled in the United States as Professor of Eng- lish and Constitutional History in the Cornell University at Ithaca, New York. This post he occupied till 1871, when he removed to
Canada, where he became a mem- ber of the Senate of the yniversity of Toronto. He was for some time editor of the Canadian MontJUy (1872-71), and is now the owner and editor of the Bystander. He has recently visited England, but has now returned to Canada. In ad- dition to the works mentioned above, he is the author of contri- butions to the " Anthologia Oxon- iensis;" "An Inaugural Lecture," 1869 ; " On some supposed- conse- quences of the doctrine of historical progress," a lecture, 1861 ; " Ra- tional Religion and the rational- istic objections of the Bampton Lectures for 1858," which had been delivered by Dean Mansel, 1861 ; "The Study of History," 2 lectures, 1861; "The Foimdation of the American Colonies," a lecture, 1861 ; "Irish History and Irish Charac- ter," 1861; "The Empire. A Series of Letters published in the Daily News, 1862, 1863," Oxford, 1863 ; " A Plea for the AboHtion of Tests in the University of Oxford," 1864 ; " A Letter to a Whig Mem- ber of the Southern Independence Association," 1864: "Three English Statesman (Pym, Cromwell, Htt); a course of lectures on the Political History of England," 1867 ; " The Experience of the American Com- monwealth" in "Essays on Re- form," 1867 J " The Reorganization of the University of Oxford," 1868 ; " The Irish Question," being three letters to the Editor of the Daily News, 1868; "The Relations be- tween America and England. A reply to the late speech of Mr. Sumner," 1869 ; " A Short History of England down to the Reforma- tion," 1869; "William Cowper," 1880 ; and " The Conduct of Eng- land to Ireland," 1882.
SMITH, The Rbv. Isaac Gbe- GOBT, was born Nov. 21, 1826, at Manchester, being fourth son of the Rev. Jeremiah Smith, D.D., High Master of the Free Grammar School, and Rector of St. Anne's, Manchester. He was educated at